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Chapter 1. Pg 3. Soup-can labels can be fascinating. How many of you would rather do ANYTHING (even reading soup can labels) rather than start working on a paper. Remember: You have some valuable ideas to tell your reader You want to communicate those ideas well. Selecting a subject.

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Chapter 1

Chapter 1

Pg 3

Soup can labels can be fascinating
Soup-can labels can be fascinating

  • How many of you would rather do ANYTHING (even reading soup can labels) rather than start working on a paper.


  • You have some valuable ideas to tell your reader

  • You want to communicate those ideas well

Selecting a subject
Selecting a subject

  • Start early

  • Find the best space for you

  • Select something in which you currently have a strong interest

  • Narrow a large topic

Pump primer techniques jig saw it
Pump-Primer Techniques: Jig-Saw it!

  • Get in groups of 3 people

  • You will be assigned to ONE (1) of the Pump-Primer techniques

  • 15 minutes to TRY THE TECHNIQUE YOURSELF using the topics on pg 18

  • Explain it to the class

Pump primer techniques
Pump-Primer Techniques

  • Listing

  • Free writing

  • Looping

  • The boomerang

  • Clustering

  • Cubing

  • Interviewing

  • Cross-examination

  • Sketching

  • Dramatizing the subject

Practice what you ve learned
Practice what you’ve learned

  • Practice B, pg 18

  • Select two of the large subjects. With a partner, loop, list, or use another pre-write technique to create a focused topic that would be appropriate3 for an essay of 3-5 pages.

Discover your audience
Discover your Audience

  • How to Identify your readers

    • Who is the audience?

    • Why are they reading it – what do they hope to gain?

    • What knowledge does your audience have about the subject?

    • What is your audience’s attitude towards your subject?

Special qualities of your audience
Special qualities of your audience?

  • They don’t like to be bored. (if you are bored writing it, they’ll be bored reading it)

  • They hate confusion and disorder

  • They WANT to think and learn

  • They want to see/feel what YOU see/feel

  • They are turned off by pretentious/phony voices.

Practice what you ve learned pg 22 a
Practice what you’ve learned: pg 22, A

Analyze these ads (Choose 1, write on a separate paper)

  • “Diamond Right-Hand Ring” pg 220

  • “Gas Heat Makes me Nervous” pg 304

  • “Some arguments for Nuclear Energy…” pg 306

  • “Pierce Brosnan’s Choice” pg 309

  • “PETA Anti-Fur” pg 310

By asking these questions

  • What age group does the ad target? Appeal to males? Females? Both? Social class of the intended audience?

  • What concerns/interest might this audience have?

  • What kinds of arguments are used to persuade (logic? Emotion? Sense of right/wrong?)

  • What are the specific words/phrases chosen to appeal to this audience?

The ultimate in diet cults don t eat anything at all pg 23
The Ultimate in Diet Cults – don’t eat anything at all (pg 23)

  • Read the article

  • In groups of up to 4, Choose 1, 2, or 3 (pg 24-25)

    • Write a brief radio advertisement

    • Write a letter to the city, asking for a parade permit

    • Write a letter to report this company to the BBB.

      Present to the class

Consider keeping a journal
Consider keeping a journal (pg 23)

  • Confront your fears, conquer the blank page!

  • Improve your powers of observation

  • Save your own brilliant ideas

  • Save other people’s brilliant ideas!

  • Be creative

  • Prepare for class

  • Record responses to class discussions

  • Focus on a problem

Journaling continued
Journaling – (continued) (pg 23)

9. Practice audience awareness

10. Describe your own writing process

11. Write progress reports

12. Become sensitive to language

13. Write your own personalized text book.

Chapter 2

Chapter 2 (pg 23)

Pg 31

The thesis
The Thesis (pg 23)

  • What is a working thesis

  • What does a “working thesis” do?

  • Can “Working thesis” change?

Guidelines for a good thesis pg 33
Guidelines for a good thesis (pg 33) (pg 23)

  • States the writer’s clearly defined opinion on some subject

  • Assert ONE main idea

  • Have something worthwhile to say

  • Limit thesis to fit the assignment

  • State thesis clearly, in specific terms

  • In first or second paragraph.

Avoiding common thesis errors 37
Avoiding Common Thesis Errors (37) (pg 23)



  • Don’t merely announce your intentions

  • Don’t clutter w/ expressions like “in my opinion” or “I’m going to tell you”

  • Don’t be unreasonable

  • Don’t merely state a fact

  • Don’t express in the form of a question

  • DO state an attitude

  • Be forceful, speak directly and w/ conviction

  • Avoid irresponsible charges, name calling, profanity

Practice pg 39
Practice… pg 39 (pg 23)

  • Identify whether each is adequate or not, explain the problem

Inadequate – be more specific, don’t say “I think”

Inadequate – Declare, don’t ask. Too broad

Inadequate –just a statement, not an opinion. “Bad” is not specific enough.

Inadequate – “my essay will tell you” is an announcement


Inadequate – the two parts are unrelated and this is not specific enough to make sense

Inadequate – unclear: is body piercing to be illegal? Or is it just unsightly?

Inadequate – statement is unreasonable


Inadequate – “very important” is too vague. Assert a specific idea

Essay map
Essay Map (pg 23)

  • Use the handout to help you develop a topic. Choose from the list on pg 40 or pg 18.

  • Narrow the topic (what specific related things are you going to talk about, and what is your opinion about it)

  • Take those “reasons” and summarize them in the first 1-2 of paragraphs (map for your reader).