The Homefront Part 2
Getting Citizens Involved • It was important to have the citizens at home feel like they were doing their part during the war. • Propaganda encouraged citizen support. • People also encountered rationing of various items because supply was short.
African Americans In 1941, 1 in 5 were jobless President signed Executive Order 8802 which opened jobs and job training programs in defense plants “without discrimination because race, creed, color, or national origin” More that 2 million migrated north Fought in military in segregated units Social Impact of WWII
Mexican Americans • Served in military, contributed to economy, but face discrimination • Agreement between Mexico & U.S. providing for transportation, food, shelter, and medical attention for thousands of “braceros” • Brought a rise in Latino population in southern California • Zoot Suit Riots
Native Americans • 25,000 fought in the military • Migrated to urban centers for defense jobs • Cultural transition brought a sense of having lost their roots • Played an important role as “code talkers” in the Pacific theater
Japanese Americans • Hostility towards Japanese Americans grew to hatred and hysteria after Pearl Harbor • War Relocation Authority removed all people of Japanese ancestry to internment camps away from west coast • After 1943, Japanese were accepted into armed forces and many won recognition for their courage in Europe
Holocaust & America • Hitler’s idea to rid the world of undesirables, mostly the entire Jewish race. • Over 6 million Jewish people were killed in this genocide. • America played a role in the liberation of the death camps. • Nuremberg Trials, Nov 1945, 12 Nazi leaders received the death penalty for crimes against peace, crimes against humanity, and war crimes