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The Homefront

The Homefront

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The Homefront

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  1. TheHomefront World War II Created by Mr. Johnson

  2. Objective • 10.03 – Describe and analyze the effects of the war on American economic, social, political, and cultural life.

  3. Key Terms War bonds Baby boomers Fair Deal G.I. Bill Korematsu v. United States, 1944 Levittown Northern Migration Middle class Rosie the Riveter Selective Service Act AFL-CIO Taft-Hartley Act WACS War Production Board Japanese American Internment Rationing

  4. The Homefront • “Home” – United States • “Front” – Line of battle • How is the war being waged in the U.S.? • Total War – all sectors of society are mobilized for war

  5. Restrictions

  6. Selective Service Act The Draft!!!

  7. War Production Board • Shift away from laissez faire • Gov’t Regulation • Production of goods • Consumption of resources… • Gasoline • Heating oil • Metals • Rubber • Plastics

  8. Office of Price Administration • Price controls • Rent controls

  9. Rationing

  10. Rationing

  11. Victory Gardens

  12. War Bonds

  13. Taft-Hartley Act • Anti-union law • Fear of communism… Cold War coming

  14. A.F.L.-C.I.O. • A.F. of L. (1886) • Breakaway – C.I.O. (1938) • Reunited into AFL-CIO (1955) • Refrained from strikes during the war

  15. Internment Camps

  16. Korematsu v. U.S. • Executive Order 9066 • Wartime powers of government • Civil rights

  17. Black Soldiers Tuskegee Airmen Buffalo Soldiers

  18. Opportunities

  19. War Industry

  20. National War Labor Board • Government arbitration… • …no interruptions in production

  21. Rosie the Riveter

  22. W.A.C.S. Womens’ Army Corps

  23. Navajo Code Talkers

  24. Great Migration

  25. “Double V” Campaign

  26. A. Philip Randolph March on Washington Movement

  27. Executive Order 8802 • “Fair Employment” • No racial discrimination in defense industry

  28. Bracero Program • Temporary Mexican agricultural laborers

  29. G.I. Bill Passed in 1944 Federal aid to veterans • Education • Housing • Unemployment • “Servicemen’s Readjustment Act”

  30. Fair Deal • Harry Truman • Extension of New Deal • National health insurance • Republican Resistance

  31. Levittown, PA • William J. Levitt • Suburbia

  32. Levittown, PA • Prefabricated Homes

  33. “Little Boxes” Little boxes on the hillside,Little boxes made of ticky-tacky,Little boxes, little boxes,Little boxes, all the same.There's a green one and a pink oneAnd a blue one and a yellow oneAnd they're all made out of ticky-tackyAnd they all look just the same.

  34. “Little Boxes” And the people in the housesAll went to the universityWhere they were put in boxesAnd they came out all the sameAnd there's doctors and lawyersAnd business executivesAnd they're all made out of ticky tackyAnd they all look just the same. -Malvina Reynolds

  35. Middle Class

  36. Middle Class

  37. Baby Boom Births in the United States

  38. Boomer Generation