TheHomefront World War II Created by Mr. Johnson
Objective • 10.03 – Describe and analyze the effects of the war on American economic, social, political, and cultural life.
Key Terms War bonds Baby boomers Fair Deal G.I. Bill Korematsu v. United States, 1944 Levittown Northern Migration Middle class Rosie the Riveter Selective Service Act AFL-CIO Taft-Hartley Act WACS War Production Board Japanese American Internment Rationing
The Homefront • “Home” – United States • “Front” – Line of battle • How is the war being waged in the U.S.? • Total War – all sectors of society are mobilized for war
Selective Service Act The Draft!!!
War Production Board • Shift away from laissez faire • Gov’t Regulation • Production of goods • Consumption of resources… • Gasoline • Heating oil • Metals • Rubber • Plastics
Office of Price Administration • Price controls • Rent controls
Taft-Hartley Act • Anti-union law • Fear of communism… Cold War coming
A.F.L.-C.I.O. • A.F. of L. (1886) • Breakaway – C.I.O. (1938) • Reunited into AFL-CIO (1955) • Refrained from strikes during the war
Korematsu v. U.S. • Executive Order 9066 • Wartime powers of government • Civil rights
Black Soldiers Tuskegee Airmen Buffalo Soldiers
National War Labor Board • Government arbitration… • …no interruptions in production
W.A.C.S. Womens’ Army Corps
A. Philip Randolph March on Washington Movement
Executive Order 8802 • “Fair Employment” • No racial discrimination in defense industry
Bracero Program • Temporary Mexican agricultural laborers
G.I. Bill Passed in 1944 Federal aid to veterans • Education • Housing • Unemployment • “Servicemen’s Readjustment Act”
Fair Deal • Harry Truman • Extension of New Deal • National health insurance • Republican Resistance
Levittown, PA • William J. Levitt • Suburbia
Levittown, PA • Prefabricated Homes
“Little Boxes” Little boxes on the hillside,Little boxes made of ticky-tacky,Little boxes, little boxes,Little boxes, all the same.There's a green one and a pink oneAnd a blue one and a yellow oneAnd they're all made out of ticky-tackyAnd they all look just the same.
“Little Boxes” And the people in the housesAll went to the universityWhere they were put in boxesAnd they came out all the sameAnd there's doctors and lawyersAnd business executivesAnd they're all made out of ticky tackyAnd they all look just the same. -Malvina Reynolds
Baby Boom Births in the United States