Harlem Renaissance 1920’s By: Reda Z. & Deniz Y.
Background: Summary • Renaissance: an awakening of some sort • Harlem renaissance symbolizes the upsurge of black consciousness in the US • Flourish of African American culture, music, and visual arts • social organizations formed to improve African American circumstances http://harlemtrends.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/Harlem-Renaissance-Map.jpg
Factors that Caused the Harlem Renaissance http://cdn.dipity.com/uploads/events/2e65995642adfbd28914c5347dd80549_1M.png
Music • Harlem was the go to place for jazz • Duke Ellington, Jelly Roll Morton, and Willie Smith • cotton club • Music created a sense of community • Music was popular • William Grant Still- First black composer for major orchestra
Art • Black artists wanted to capture soul , movement and energy http://group5art.edublogs.org/files/2010/03/motley1.jpg
1920’s Influence • social and new culture in the north • “You only live once” idea • rapid new culture shaped Harlem and its culture https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcT8zX5gbZMD0fHxe-7VfWD8rDO_utNImFe19B0dGAo2Kq8nDyog
Organizations • NAACP: founded by W.E.B Dubois in 1909 • National Urban League: founded in 1911 • took a practical approach to improve the social and economic conditional of the African Americans • “Opportunity” • UNIA: Founded by Marcus Garvey http://crossfitharlem.com/files/2012/02/78428-004-2FB8F43A.jpg
Primary Source • http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/uhic/PrimarySourcesDetailsPage/PrimarySourcesDetailsWindow?failOverType=&query=&prodId=UHIC&windowstate=normal&contentModules=&mode=view&displayGroupName=PrimarySources&limiter=&currPage=&disableHighlighting=false&displayGroups=&sortBy=&source=&search_within_results=&action=e&catId=&activityType=&scanId=&documentId=GALE%7CEJ2164000179
Background: People Langston Hughes • Finest poem on the kinship of black & white Americans "I, too, sing America I am the darker brother. They send me to eat in the kitchen When company comes. They'll see how beautiful I am And be ashamed, - I, too, am America. " • Never forgot his duty to "the race“ (grandfather incident) • broke traditional notion of what poetry meant &used blues language &mood to depict the lives of the "low-down" folks http://www.poemhunter.com/i/p/91/6691_b_2440.jpg
Cont. W.E.B. Du Bois: • (NAACP). • Wrote: • "Make way for democracy! We saved it in France, and by Great Jehovah, we will save it in the United States of America, or know the reason why." • debates about race, politics, and history http://www.biography.com/imported/images/Biography/Images/Profiles/D/W.E.B.-Du-Bois-9279924-1-402.jpg
Cont. Louis Armstrong, Duke Ellingtonand Ethel Waters: • experimented with new motifs & styles • Jazz • Created two musical genres: Jazz & Blues Louis Armstrong https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcS_cLmK62YEeMxp_jUmIqcKHInf2iYJGWdiBfN-o0XxvvMOIxurEw
Cont. Richard Wright: • American writer • rose to bring back culture and entertainment into the mainstream http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/48/Richard_Wright.jpg/220px-Richard_Wright.jpg
Cont. James Weldon Johnson: • captured much of the literary, artistic, and musical vibrancy of the Harlem Renaissance • highlighted much of the vitality of the African American cultural life http://www.nndb.com/people/830/000101527/james-weldon-johnson-1.jpg
Works Cited Boland, Jesse. "Harlem Renaissance Music in the 1920s." 1920's Fashion and Music. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Apr. 2013. <http://www.1920s-fashion-and-music.com/Harlem-Renaissance-music.html>;. Lawson, R. A. "Harlem Renaissance." Dictionary of American History. Ed. Stanley I. Kutler. 3rd Ed. Vol. 4. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2003. 95-97. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 10 Apr. 2013. Locke, Alain. "The New Negro." World War I and the Jazz Age. Woodbridge, CT: Primary Source Media, 1999. American Journey. U.S. History In Context. Web. 4 Apr. 2013. Proctor, Angela. "Harlem Renaissance." John B. Cade Library. Southern University and A&M College, 4 Feb. 2003. Web. 3 Apr. 2013. Simpson, Mary. "Organizations Created During the Harlem Renaissance." EHow. Demand Media, Inc., n.d. Web. 10 Apr. 2013. <http://www.ehow.com/list_7500568_organizations-created-during- harlem-renaissance.html>. U.S.A. Twenties. Vol. 3. Danbury, CT: Grolier, 2005. Print.