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Harlem Renaissance

Harlem Renaissance

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Harlem Renaissance

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  1. Harlem Renaissance

  2. Common Themes • Alienation • Marginality • Folk material • Blues tradition • Difficulty Writing for Elite audience

  3. What Was it? • Cultural, Social, artistic explosion • End of wwI – Mid 1930s • Halrem – Cultural Center • Black writers, artists, Musicians, Photographers, poets, Scholars • Racial Pride – “New Negro” • Outcome – Black Pride – Little affect on barriers created by Jim crow Laws

  4. Important Elements/People • The Great Migration (1900-1970) • Traveling South for survival • 1900s – move toward north – trains • WWI • Workers needed in factories • Chicago encouraged blacks to migrate • Southerners start to worry – losing “work force” • Migration – saw as “fulfillment of God’s promise” • North = Promised Land • Jazz Musicians – Chicago, Kansas City, New York • 1910-1970 – est. 6 million blacks migrated north

  5. Important People/Elements continued • Marcus Garvey • “the back to africa” movement • 1911 – London • Booker t. Washington’s Up from slavery • 1914 – Jamaica • Starts Universal Negro Improvement Assoc. (U.N.i.a.) • Objectives • 1) • 2) • 1916 –Harlem for support • 1919 – Black Star Line • 1922 – Edward Clarke – political move

  6. Important People/Elements continued • W.E.B. Du Bois • “twoness” • 1895 – 1st African American – ph.d in history – harvard • focus of study – “black life in american” • 1898-1910 – hope in social science • Challenged booker’s ideology • Naacp– director of research • Editor of The Crisis • Coined “the talented tenth”

  7. Important People/Elements continued • The Crisis • Offical publication of naacp • 1,000 readers first year • 100,000 by eight year • Criticized those against equal rights • President Woodrow wilson • Promoted arts/Harlem renaissance • Claude mCkay • Langston hughes • James weldonjohnson

  8. Harlem – 1920s

  9. Harlem – 1920s

  10. Harlem 1920s

  11. Harlem – 1920s

  12. Literature of the Harlem Renaissance • http://player.discoveryeducation.com/index.cfm?guidAssetId=378417FC-778E-4FD0-B011-790F376C9CF0&blnFromSearch=1&productcode=US#