Motivation. Antonina Kravchenko. І . The importance of Motivation. ІІ . Characteristics of motivated learners. Positive task orientation. Ego- involvement. Motivated learners. Tolerance of ambiguity. Need for achievement. Perseverance. High aspirations. Goal
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The desire to identify with and
into the target-language culture
The wish to learn the
language for purposes
of study or career promotion
(Gardner and Lambert, 1972)
The urge to engage
in the learning activity
for its own sake
Motivation that is derived
from external incentives
Orientation of learner towards
the learning of the
Connected with the context
(classroom, total environment)
The way the learner
approaches the specific task
Extrinsic motivation derives from the influence of external
incentives, such as:
- the desire of students to please parents;
- the wish to succeed in an external exam;
- the peer-group influences;
- success and its rewards;
- failure and its penalties;
- authoritative demands;
- summary discussion task
4 - І strongly agree. This statement describes me very well.
3 - І somewhat agree. This statement probably describes me.
2 - І somewhat disagree. This statement probably does not describe me.
1 - І strongly disagree. This statement definitely does not describe me.
Your score on Part II tells you how strongly other influences are pushing you to learn English. If your score was between 16 and 25, you are very strongly motivated by other influences. If your score was between 5 and 15, you are not strongly motivated by what other people want you to do.
1. Clear goals.
2.Varied topics and tasks
4. Tension and challenge: games
7. Information gap
9. Open-ended cues
Beliefs about self.
interrelated between in-class and out-of class language activities
communicative (game type)
integrative (short/small activities form larger activities)
pleasant, safe and non-threatening
meaningful or relevant
experiences of success
good relationships among
and between teacher and students