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Warm Up. Which leader won China’s civil war, and what name did he give to the new country? A. Mao Zedong; People’s Republic of China B. Jiang Jieshi ; Republic of China C. the Dalai Lama; Tibet D. Zhou Enlai ; New China. Agenda. Warm up (5 mins ) EYS (5 mins ) Intro Clip (8 mins )

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warm up
Warm Up
  • Which leader won China’s civil war, and what name did he give to the new country?
  • A. Mao Zedong; People’s Republic of China
  • B. Jiang Jieshi; Republic of China
  • C. the Dalai Lama; Tibet
  • D. Zhou Enlai; New China
agenda
Agenda
  • Warm up (5 mins)
  • EYS (5 mins)
  • Intro Clip (8 mins)
  • Korean War Notes and Sourcing (25 mins)
  • Study Guide (10 mins)
vice guide to north korea
Vice Guide to North Korea
  • The reporter is going to the DMZ (Demilitarized Zone), and is trying to get into North Korea
  • The DMZ is located at the 38th parallel, and divides North Korea from South Korea
  • This line was established after the Korean War by the UN, on July 27, 1953.
  • Vice Guide to North Korea
  • How did North Korea become one of the most militarized and isolated countries in the world?
korean war
Korean War
  • After WWII, the Korean Peninsula was divided into two parts:
    • The Soviets controlled the northern part, and
    • The US controlled the southern part
      • Both ended their occupation at the 38th parallel; that line was set by both the US and the USSR after WWII
  • The two territories became heavily influenced by the occupying nations, and then…
who started the korean war
Who started the Korean War?
  • Read Document A with your partner.
    • Who wrote it?
    • Who do they say started the Korean War?
who started the korean war1
Who started the Korean War?
  • Read Document A with your partner.
    • Who wrote it?
    • Who do they say started the Korean War?
  • Read Document B with your partner.
    • Who wrote it?
    • Why do they say started the Korean War?
who started the korean war2
Who started the Korean War?
  • Read Document A with your partner.
    • Who wrote it?
    • Who do they say started the Korean War?
  • Read Document B with your partner.
    • Who wrote it?
    • Why do they say started the Korean War?
  • Which document is more believable? Who do you think actually started it?
what happened in the korean war
What happened in the Korean War?
  • The North Koreans invaded South Korea on June 25, 1950, with the permission of the Soviet Union and aided by Chinese troops
  • They fought their way down and almost captured the whole Korean Peninsula
  • The UN passed resolution 82, condemning the North Korean advance.
    • The US then sent sea-support to the South Koreans
slide11
Then, General Macarthur, without the permission of Truman, intervenes and pushes the North Korean troops back up the peninsula, almost capturing the entire peninsula for the US and South Koreans
what do you think
What do you think?
  • Why would the US not want the North Koreans to take over the Korean Peninsula?
end of the korean war
End of the Korean War
  • General Macarthur repeatedly asked for the use of nuclear weapons, but Truman never allowed it.
      • This is called a Limited War: purposefully not expending all of the available resources at a participant’s disposal, whether human, industrial, agricultural, military, natural, technologicaletc. (the opposite of total war)
  • After fighting back and forth, the two sides finally concluded the war with an armistice in July 27, 1953
truman s speech on firing macarthur
Truman’s Speech on Firing Macarthur
  • “So far, by fighting a limited war in Korea, we have prevented aggression and bringing on a general war. And the ability of the whole free world to resist Communist aggression has been greatly improved. We have taught the enemy a lesson. Moreover, men all over the world who want to remain free have been given new courage and new hope. They know now that the champions of freedom can stand up and fight…We do not want to see the conflict in Korea get bigger. We are trying to prevent a world war—not to start one. But you may ask, why don’t we bomb Manchuria and China itself? If we were to do these things we would be running a very grave risk of starting a general war. If that were to happen, we would have brought about the exact situation we are trying to prevent.
how did the korean war help make the cold war unique
How did the Korean War help make the Cold War unique?
  • It was a limited war.
    • We did everything we could to not use nuclear weapons, or to involve other countries.
  • It was a proxy war.
    • Although it was the “Korean War,” the real fight was figuring out who would control Korea. The US supported the democratic South, and the USSR supported the communist North.
how does this affect us today
How does this affect us today?
  • South Korea has become a beacon of democracy and capitalism. It continues to have a good relationship with the US
  • North Korea has become one of the most isolated and autocratic nations in the world. It continues to oppress and starve its people.
  • What does the existence of North Korea mean for the US?
bbc news feb 23 2009
BBC News (Feb. 23, 2009)
  • North Korea is believed to have more than 800 ballistic missiles, including long-range missiles which could one day strike the US. The BBC looks at Pyongyang's missile program, which has mainly been developed from the Scud missile.
study guide work time
Study Guide Work Time
  • Quiz on Friday!
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