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Warm Up. Watch the clips from Mona Lisa Smile , as you watch think about: What has changed today? What has stayed the same?. Objectives. Content: Predict why women would not be paid the same amount as men. Learning: List two focus areas for Women’s Rights organizations after 1920.

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warm up
Warm Up
  • Watch the clips from Mona Lisa Smile, as you watch think about:
    • What has changed today?
    • What has stayed the same?
  • Content: Predict why women would not be paid the same amount as men.
  • Learning: List two focus areas for Women’s Rights organizations after 1920.
changing role of women
Changing Role of Women
  • Since the 1970’s, an increase of women in the workforce, politics, and media has changed the role of women in society.
        • Increases in:
          • Education level
          • Income
          • Leadership positions
          • Elected government positions
common workplace d isadvantages
Common Workplace Disadvantages
  • Discrimination against women in hiring practices
  • Lower wages for women than for men doing the same job
women s m ovement legislation
Women’s Movement Legislation
  • Title IX (Title Nine)
    • Passed in 1972
    • Schools and colleges must give women equal academic and athletic opportunities if the school receives federal financial assistance.
    • Results in increased opportunities for women
era equal rights amendment
ERA (Equal Rights Amendment)
  • Men and women shall have equal rights under the law.
  • The amendment failed to pass, but brought attention to equal employment opportunities for women.
    • Why did many women not want this amendment to pass?
  • Discussion about the amendment has also helped women to gain better pay, better working conditions and advancement opportunities.


national organization for women now
National Organization for Women (NOW)
  • Largest women’s rights organization in the country
  • Began in 1966 to fight for passage of the ERA
  • Today focuses heavily on fighting against all forms of oppression worldwide
    • Economic
    • Personal
  • Content: Hypothesize how to change unfair situations.
  • Learning: Explain the problems and solutions to Jim Crow effects.
after world war ii
After World War II
  • President Truman signed Executive Order 9981 in 1948
    • It abolished racial discrimination in the military
    • It eventually desegregated the military
    • Encouraged African Americans’ aspirations (hopes) for equal opportunities
civil rights movement 1954 1968
Civil Rights Movement (1954 – 1968)

Fought for equal opportunities in jobs, housing, and education for African Americans.

Also, the Civil Rights Movement fought against segregation

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)

Expands and becomes leading organization fighting for African American civil rights.

3 major effects of jim crow
3 Major Effects of Jim Crow

1. Separate educational facilities and resources for White and African American students

2. Separate public facilities

3. Social isolation of races

1 separate b ut equal
1. “Separate But Equal”
  • Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
    • Supreme Court case upholds that “separate but equal” is OK
    • No one has to prove equality
    • Justification for Jim Crow laws
solution separate and unequal
Solution: Separate and UNequal
  • Brown v. Board of Education (1954)
    • Overturns Plessy court case
    • “Separate educational

facilities are inherently


    • Paves the way for school integration and the Civil Rights Movement
    • Only desegregates schools. Other court cases follow that desegregate other public places (ex: 1956 buses).

2. Separate Public Facilities

  • Buses
  • Restaurants
  • Restrooms
  • Water Fountains
rosa parks
Rosa Parks

December 1, 1955

Refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white man and was arrested

solution desegregation of public facilities
Solution: Desegregation of Public Facilities
  • Park’s arrest led to the Montgomery Bus Boycott where African Americans in Montgomery, Alabama boycotted the buses for a little over 1 year
  • This ultimately led to a Supreme Court decision which desegregated all forms of public transportation (December 1956)
3 social isolation of races
3. Social Isolation of Races
  • The Little Rock 9
    • Nine African American students tried to integrate Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas
    • On September 4, 1957, a white mob and the Arkansas National Guard prevented the students from entering
    • After a court order police escorted the students in on September 23 but they were still socially separated from the other students.


solution tolerance
Solution: Tolerance
  • Breaking social barriers takes time and requires effort on both sides


  • Content: Analyze a map about the impact of the Voting Rights Act of 1964.
  • Learning: Explain your position on standing up for a cause.
non violent tools of the civil rights movement
Non-Violent Tools of The Civil Rights Movement
  • Organized protests
    • Sit-ins
    • Marches
    • Freedom Riders


the risks
The Risks
  • A large part of the Civil Rights Movement was about non-violent protest….however the protesters faced many dangerous risks!
    • Protesters were:
          • Arrested
          • Assaulted
          • Threatened
          • Possibly murdered
dr martin luther king jr
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
  • He was highly involved in the bus boycott and the NAACP
  • Became a leader in the Civil Rights Movement
  • Delivered the famous “I Have a Dream” speech
  • Advocated passive resistance and non-violent protest as a way to end segregation


the civil rights movement success
The Civil Rights Movement Success
  • Resulted in laws that ensured constitutional rights to all citizens regardless of race
      • Civil Rights Act of 1964
          • Outlawed racial discrimination against men and women and made all forms of segregation illegal
      • Voting Rights Act of 1965
          • Outlawed discriminatory voting practices (no more literacy tests)
the civil rights movement
The Civil Rights Movement
  • Civil Rights legislation led to increased educational, economic, and political opportunities for women and minorities.
i have a dream poster project
“I have a dream” poster project
  • Please make a poster (it will be hung up) with the caption “I have a dream”, followed by an issue that is important to you.
    • Ex: I have a dream that the whole world will live in peace!
  • Include a picture of whatever your dream is
  • Use color!