Marcus Tullius Cicero 102-43 BCE
Marcus Tullius Cicero was born on January 3, 106 B.C.E. , at Arpinum near Rome, the oldest son of a wealthy landowner, also named Marcus Tullius Cicero. At a young age Cicero began studying the writings in his father's library. Both Cicero and his brother Quintus became greatly interested in philosophy and public speaking.
Admirably educated in Rome and in Greece, he did military service in 89 under Pompeius Strabo (the father of the statesman and general Pompey) and made his first appearance in the courts defending Publius Quinctius in 81. His brilliant defense, in 80 or early 79, of Sextus Roscius against a fabricated charge of parricide established his reputation at the bar, and he started his public career as quaestor (an office of financial administration) in western Sicily in 75.
Quotes “A room without books is like a body without a soul.” “If you have a garden and a library, you have everything you need.” “Six mistakes mankind keeps making century after century:Believing that personal gain is made by crushing others;Worrying about things that cannot be changed or corrected;Insisting that a thing is impossible because we cannot accomplish it;Refusing to set aside trivial preferences;Neglecting development and refinement of the mind;Attempting to compel others to believe and live as we do.” “To add a library to a house is to give that house a soul.”
Mark Antony and Octavian partnered together in taking over Roman power and Marcus Tullius Cicero was to become an enemy of the state since Octavian chose not to protect him. On the orders of Mark Antony, the man of justice was murdered—slit in the throat with his head and hands decapitated, which were then hung on the podium in the Senate as a warning.
The poet Catullus describes Saturnalia as the best of days. It was a time of celebration, visits to friends, and gift-giving, particularly of wax candles (cerei), and earthenware figurines (sigillaria). The best part of the Saturnalia (for slaves) was the temporary reversal of roles. Masters served meals to their slaves who were permitted the unaccustomed luxuries of leisure and gambling. Clothing was relaxed and included the peaked woollen cap that symbolized the freed slave, which looks an awful lot like Santa Claus's peaked red hat . A member of the familia (family plus slaves) was appointed Saturnaliciusprinceps, roughly, Lord of Misrule.
http://www.notablebiographies.com/Ch-Co/Cicero-Marcus-Tullius.html#ixzz2ENcC8Lq7 http://www.egs.edu/library/marcus-tullius-cicero/biography/http://www.decodingtheheavens.com/blog/2008/12/default.aspx http://wikis.milkenschool.org/Z_-_Archives/Verba_Diei_Wiki/Marcus_Tullius_Cicero http://www.the-romans.co.uk/timelines/cicero.htmhttp://www.goodreads.com/author/quotes/13755.Marcus_Tullius_Cicero