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INTRODUCING CICERO. The young Cicero, reading (Vincenzo Foppa ; c. 1464 . 1. cicero unplugged: colloquial style. Just after Caesar has crossed the Rubicon (Jan . 25, 49 BCE), Cicero writes to his wife and other female family members:

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introducing cicero

INTRODUCING CICERO

The young Cicero, reading (Vincenzo Foppa; c. 1464

1 cicero unplugged colloquial style
1. cicero unplugged: colloquial style

Just after Caesar has crossed the Rubicon (Jan. 25, 49 BCE), Cicero writes to his wife and other female family members:

Sīvōsvalētis, nōsvalēmus. Vestrumiamconsiliumest, nōnsōlummeum, quid sit vōbīs faciendum.

SīilleRōmammodestēventūrusest, rectē in praesentiādomīessepotestis;

sīn homo āmensdīripiendamurbemdatūrusest, vereor …

(Ad Familiares 14.14)

3 livy s style an ancient assessment
3. LIVY’S STYLE: an ancient assessment

Quintilian, An orator’s education book 10.32, 101

4 livy s augustan project
4. LIVY’s augustanproject

“āprīmordiōurbisrēspopulī Romani perscribō.”

  • Aburbe condita
  • Book 1 (753–509 BCE)
  • Rome’s kings
  • Books 2–142 [only 2–10 and 21–45 survive] (509————————————————9 BCE)
  • The Roman republic and beginnings of the Augustan era

“sedautmēamornegotiīsusceptīfallit, autnullaumquamrēspūblicanecmaiornecsanctiornecbonīsexemplīsdītiorfuit.”

“ut [antiquitas], miscendōhumānadīvīnīs, prīmordiaurbiumaugustiōrafaciat”

6 and virgil s augustan project
6. …. and virgil’saugustan project

Augustus

“Prima Porta” statue

7 a fragment from livy s lost books cicero s last days 43 bce
7. a fragment from Livy’s lost books:CICERO’S LAST DAYS (43 BCE)

M. Cicero,

pro certehabens,

—id quod erat—

non Antonio eripi se posse,

primum in Tusculanum fugit;

inde in Formianum,

utabCaietanavemconscensurus,

proficiscitur.

(fr. 50 = Oxford Latin Reader p. 54)

So-called Tomba di Cicerone, Formia

8 late republican and augustan authors
8. LATE REPUBLICAN AND AUGUSTAN AUTHORS

A fuller timeline:

http://prezi.com/lg2ryxvudqzw/timeline-of-latin-authors-and-roman-history/

slide10

9. CICERO’S LIFE OF LETTERS

POEMS (CARMINA)

•autobiographic (De consulatusuo)

• scientific(Aratea)

10 cicero s style an ancient assessment
10. cicero’s style: an ancient assessment

Quintilian, An orator’s education 10.105, 112

11 cicero s style three goals of speaking
11. cicero’s style: three goals of speaking

Itaomnis ratio dicenditribus ad persuadendumrebusestnixa:

1. utprobemusveraesse, quae defendimus;

2. utconciliemuseosnobis, qui audiunt;

3. utanimoseorum, adquemcumquecausapostulabitmotum, vocemus.

DOCĒRE

DELECTĀRE

MOVĒRE

NB—This sentence is itself a good example of the “Ciceronian period” (peri-odos, “circuitous path”).

Note especially the “rising tricolon” and deferral of the final verb.

15 cicero s focus on self image
15. Cicero’s focus on sELF-IMAGE

Cicero’s plea to the historian L. Lucceius (Ad familiares 5.12):

ōfortūnātamnātammēconsuleRōmam!

(De consulatusuo)

16 cicero s letters historia contexta
16. CICERO’S LETTERS:Historiacontexta

Cornelius Nepos on Cicero and Atticus’ correspondence (Atticus 16.3–4):

  • LETTERS (EPISTULAE)
  • • Ad Familiares
  • • Ad Atticum
17 cicero s letters three different types of epistula
17. CICERO’S LETTERS:THREEDIFFERENT TYPES OF EPISTULA

Cicero to Curio, greetings. You are well aware that there are many types of letter, but one that is the principal type, and the reason why letter-writing itself was invented: to inform (utcertioresfaceremus) those who are absent if there is anything that it is in our interest, or their interest, for them to know. You clearly are not expecting letters of this kind from me. ..

There remain two other kinds of letter, which I greatly enjoy: one familiar and witty (familiare et iocosum), the other stern and serious (severum et grave). I don’t know which of these is less fitting for me (at present).

Anyone who can laugh in these times does not deserve the name of citizen. … (And) what is there that could be written from Cicero to Curio that is serious, except about the (poor) republic …?

Cicero, Ad Familiares 2.4.1 (to his friend Curio, in the last days of the end of the republic):

DOCĒRE

DELECTĀRE

MOVĒRE