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Road to Revolution. 1752-1782. 1752. Georgia became a royal colony in 1752. The 13 English colonies were divided into 3 regions: The New England colonies The Middle Colonies The Southern colonies – GA was a southern colony. Economies.

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  • Georgia became a royal colony in 1752.
  • The 13 English colonies were divided into 3 regions:
    • The New England colonies
    • The Middle Colonies
    • The Southerncolonies – GA was a southern colony.
  • The economy of the New England colonies was based on building ships, fishing, whaling, andtradingwith Great Britain.
  • The economy of the Middle colonies was based on growing wheat, manufacturing, mining, textiles, and shipbuilding.
  • The economy of the Southern colonies was agriculture – tobacco, indigo, silk, & rice.
the french and indian war
The French and Indian War
  • The French and Indian War was fought between France and Englandover land in the Ohio River Valley.
the treaty of paris
The Treaty of Paris
  • Ended the French and Indian War.
  • Set GA’s southern boundary as the St. Mary’s River and its western boundary at the Mississippi River
proclamation of 1763
Proclamation of 1763
  • Prohibited (forbad) colonists from moving west of the Appalachian Mountains.
  • Was issued to avoid a problem with the Native Americans.
tories or patriots
Tories or Patriots
  • Torie - some one loyal to the King
  • Patriot – those citizens read to cut ties with Great Britain.
sons of liberty
Sons of Liberty
  • Were Patriots who dumped tea into Boston Harbor protesting the Tea Act.
  • They were responsible for the Boston Tea Party
  • GA’s chapter of the Sons of Liberty were called Liberty Boys. (question 17)
sugar act 1764
Sugar Act – 1764
  • Was a tax placed on sugar and molasses imported from the West Indies.
  • This tax hurt GA because they traded with the sugar-producing countries such as Jamaica and Barbados.
stamp act 1765
Stamp Act - 1765
  • In an attempt to raise money to pay for the French and Indian War, Great Britain placed a tax on newspapers, legal documents, licenses, and paper – including playing cards!
the townshend acts 1767
The Townshend Acts - 1767
  • Placed an import tax on tea, paper, glass, and coloring for paints.
the intolerable acts
The Intolerable Acts
  • To punish the colonists for the actions of the Patriots, Parliament enacted four laws –
  • Closed the port of Boston until tea was paid for
  • No town meetings
  • Any soldier charged with violence would be tried in Great Britain not in the colonies
  • Quartering Act – colonists had to house British soldiers in their homes.
the declaration of independence
The Declaration of Independence

Signed on July 4, 1776

Has 3 parts

The preamble – or the first part – stated how the colonists felt about Democracy

2nd part – listed 27 grievances against the King

3rd part – declared states to be independent nations.

declaration of independence
Declaration of Independence
  • Written by Thomas Jefferson
  • Georgia’s three signers (question 29)
    • Button Gwinnett
    • Lyman Hall
    • George Walton
nancy hart
  • Around 1771, Nancy Hart was at home when 5 Tories stopped by and demanded that she cook for them.
  • She got them drunk, stole their guns, and signaled her daughter to alert her husband.
  • When the Tories noticed what she was doing, they rushed her. She fired and killed one and captured the rest. The captured Tories were put on trial and hanged.
  • Nancy Hart is the only woman to have a county named for her in Georgia.
austin dabney
  • Followed Col. Elijah Clarke to the Battle of Kettle Creek
  • He fought bravely in the battle in place of a white man and was wounded.
  • He was awarded land for his service.
kettle creek
Kettle Creek
  • Colonel Elijah Clarke
  • Patriot victory
  • Patriots defeated 800 British troops
  • Patriots gained guns, weapons, and horses.
  • It was significant because it raised the morale (spirits) of the Patriots. (question 37)
siege of savannah
Siege of Savannah
  • Siege of Savannah
    • British victory
    • Siege – occurs when forces try to capture a fortified fort or town by surrounding it and preventing supplies from reaching it.
    • Siege was significant because Savannah remained in British hands until 1782 (3/12 years after the siege) (questions 36 & 39)
treaty of paris 1783
Treaty of Paris , 1783
  • Ended the American Revolution war with