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War Consumes Europe PowerPoint Presentation
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War Consumes Europe

War Consumes Europe

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War Consumes Europe

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  1. War Consumes Europe Chapter 29 Section 2

  2. I The Alliance System Collapses • Euro divided into 2 camps • Triple Entante = GB, France, Russia • Triple Alliance = Germany, A-H, Italy • A-H declaring war on Serbia  chain reaction w/in alliance system

  3. A. Chain Reaction • A-H Declares war on Serrbia Russia moving army towards Russian- Austria border • Also moved/mobilized on German border because they expected to Germany to join Austria • Germany sees Russias action as deldaration of war • Russia looks to its ally France for help • Before France reacts Germany declares war on France  Europe now locked in battle

  4. B. Schlieffen Plan • Germany implements the Schlieffen Plan • In case of 2 front war, Germay would attack France and then Russia because Russias lack of RR would not allow for quick mobilization • Beat France then return to fight Russia on west • Germany demands to be allowed to move troops through Belgium (neutral) but they refused  Germany invading Belgium  GB entering war • GB declaring war on Belgium

  5. C. European Nations Take Sides • Central Powers = Germany & A-H • Central because of their location in Euro • Belgium & Ottoman empire join later in hopes of regaining land • Allies = GB, France, Russia • Japan later joins • Italy, ONCE NEUTRAL, joins claiming Germany unprovoked invasion of Belgium nullified alliance

  6. II A Bloody Stalemate Along the Western FrontA. The Conflict Grinds to a Halt • Germany’s attack in France  stalemate in northern France (Western Front) • Germany’s S Plan successful at first until France gains intel of Germ Op. • Alies attack germans near Paris (Battle of the Marne)  4 days of fight ending w/ German retreat • Significance of Battle of Marne = left German’s S Plans in ruins • Quick victory not achievable in west while Russian invades eastern Germany • Germany now fighting on 2 fronts

  7. B. War in the Trenches • Western Front = miles of trenches  Trench Warfare • Holes dug out in ground from which solders fought each other  huge losses for small gains • “No mans land” = space between trenches • “over the top” into machine gun fire • Artillery into trenches • New tools of war DID NOT lead to quick end of war but just killed more ppl • Battle of Somme each side = ½ mil. Causalities

  8. III The Battle on the Eastern Front • Eastern Front = battlefield along the German & Russian border • Eastern front more mobile than Wesetern front • Russia invades Germany Germany destroys Russian troops • Russia invades Austria  Russia winning until Austria helped by Germans • Russia weakens because it is not industrialized • Short on war supplies