August 1914 – War erupts in Europe & Americans assumed it wouldn’t touch them War in Europe World War One: 1914-1919
Causes: • MILITARISM • ALLIANCES • IMPERIALISM • NATIONALISM Hint, hint… …wink, wink!
Militarism: policy of building up strong armed forces to prepare for war - European nations expanded armies/ navies An Example: Germany built its navy, Britain responded by adding more ships to its fleet = race for naval dominance strained relations between the two
Alliances: agreement, support or friendship between two or more countries or parties European powers formed rival alliances to protect themselves • Germany organized the Triple Alliance with Austria Hungary & Italy • France responded by linking itself to Russia & Britain: Triple Entente France Germany Austria-Hungary Russia Italy Britain
Imperialism • Britain, France, Russia, Germany & Italy scrambled for colonies in Africa, Asia & the Pacific • SPAM taught us that the U.S. was now a new Imperial force to be reckoned with!
Nationalism: pride in one’s nation • European nationalists demanded freedom & self-gov’t • Belief: people with a common language & culture should throw off foreign rule & form their own countries
Pros & Cons of Nationalism +encouraged unity & independence at the same time -created mistrust & rivalry between nations • An Example: • France & Germany go to war in 1870 • France lost & had to give Germany Alsace-Lorraine (iron-rich) • France never forgot this blow to their pride & hoped to regain the territory in the future • = You come out of war anticipating future war
Pros & Cons of Allies +: allies agreed to support each other in case of attack -: crisis involving one member affected nation’s allies = MINOR incident can spark MAJOR war http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qi2y6k6nfHE
Your Turn!!! Make an acronym, mnemonic or memory device for remembering: • 4 causes of WW1 • Triple Alliance • Triple Entente • INCLUDE: 1 illustration for each (6 total) How Will YOU Remember?
Hangman • Get out: • a piece of scratch paper • Pen/pencil • Key Terms Packet RULES: The hangman is in charge! 4 letter guesses before you can guess the word! You may only be called on if your hand is raised. If you’re called on, you can guess ONE letter. Think you know the word? Raise your hand & DEFINE it. If you guess correctly, you get $$ & are now the hangman.