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War in Europe - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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War in Europe. US was neutral US split support Central Powers: German and Irish pop. Allied: British tradition; French in Amer. Rev Leaned more towards Allies Germ. = autocracy Attack on neutral Belgium Germ agents in US British propaganda. $ with Neutrality.

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war in europe
War in Europe
  • US was neutral
  • US split support
    • Central Powers: German and Irish pop.
    • Allied: British tradition; French in Amer. Rev
  • Leaned more towards Allies
    • Germ. = autocracy
    • Attack on neutral Belgium
    • Germ agents in US
    • British propaganda
with neutrality
$ with Neutrality
  • Traded with both sides at 1st
  • More trading w/ Allies
    • JP Morgan – $2.3 bill loan to Allies
    • British blockade prevented trade to Germ
    • Brit. Forced USS into ports
u boot
U-BOOT
  • German submarine
  • Stop Brit. Blockade
  • Lusitania – May 1915
    • 128 Amer.
    • WW – warning to Germ
      • Bryan resigned as Sec. of State
  • Arabic – Aug. 1915 – 2 US
  • Sussex Pledge – March 1916
    • Germ warn ships
1916 election
1916 Election
  • WW – “He kept us out of the war.”
  • Rep. – Charles Evans Hughes
  • WW went to bed thinking he lost
  • Barely won
    • California – won by 3K votes
declaration of war
Declaration of War
  • 1917
    • Germany – unrestricted submarine warfare
    • Zimmerman Note – possible Germany – Mexican alliance
    • Russian Revolution – no despots for Allies
    • Wilson – “make world safe for democracy”
  • April 6, 1917
schenck vs us
Schenck vs. US
  • Justice Holmes sets out the "clear and present danger" test:
  • The most stringent protection of free speech would not protect a man in falsely shouting fire in a theatre and causing a panic. [...] The question in every case is whether the words used are used in such circumstances and are of such a nature as to create a clear and present danger that they will bring about the substantive evils that Congress has a right to prevent