Warm Up • Do you believe the United States’ students learn differently or have a different opinion of the Revolutionary War than British students? Explain • Biased: one-sided; usually favors one side
LI • Analyze/review primary sources from the Battles of Lexington and Concord
Relevance • Freedom isn’t free
SC • Complete and review primary source accounts
Agenda • Review questions and documents • Introduce Chapter 6
Review Graphic Organizer • Read primary source account and translation • Complete graphic organizer questions • Move to each station (clockwise) • Review: • Explain what your group wrote down for each section/question 1-6 in order
1. John Robbins • John Robbins was a member of the Lexington militia. He gave the following statement about what happened at Lexington Green on April 19. • Just before sunrise, I was standing in the front row of my company on Lexington Green. My company was under the command of Captain John Parker. We saw about 1000 British soldiers marching toward us, yelling loudly. In front of them, three officers on horseback were galloping toward us. One officer was yelling at us to throw down our guns and calling us villains and rebels. Suddenly, one of the British officers told the soldiers to shoot. I was wounded and fell to the ground. Several other militia men were killed. I don’t think any of Captain Parker’s men had fired a gun.
2. John Barker • John Barker was a British soldier who marched from Boston to Concord on April 19. • When we were close to Lexington, we heard that people were gathered on the common to stop us. There were about 200 or 300 colonists formed into companies. We weren’t planning on attacking them but were ready to fight. When we got near to the colonists, they fired at us. We did not wait for orders. We fired our guns and ran after the colonists. Several of them were killed.
3. Jeremy Lister • Jeremy Lister was a British soldier who fought at Lexington. • I saw a group of colonists organized into a fighting company. Major Pitcairn, one of our officers, told them to leave. The colonists did not leave and the Major reminded us to hold our fire. Suddenly, the colonists fired on us. Then they ran and hid behind walls. One of our Company was wounded and the Major’s horse was shot. We shot at them before continuing from Lexington. I think we killed and wounded 7 or 8 colonists.
4. James Barrett • James Barrett was a colonial in the Concord Militia. He was at the Battle of North Bridge and tells what happened there. • I ordered my militia to march to the bridge and to cross the bridge. The men were not to fire at the British. When we got near the bridge, the British soldiers fired at us, killing two of our men and wounding several others. My militia responded and shot at the British. We killed or wounded several of their soldiers. This was the first fighting to take place in the town of Concord.
5. John Barker • Lt. John Barker was a British soldier. He recorded what happened to him on the road back to Boston. • When we were returning to Boston, the colonists shot at us from houses and from behind trees. By the time we had marched a half mile, we were being shot at from all sides. Most of the shots came from behind us. The countryside provided hills, woods, and stone walls, which the colonists hid behind. They kept up a steady attack. We returned the fire but were not able shoot many of them because they were so hidden. This constant shooting kept up for nine or ten miles. More and more minute men came to attack us. Many of our British soldiers were killed or wounded or so tired that they could not continue to march. The constant firing kept up, and we ran low on ammunition.
6. Alice Stearns Abbott • Alice Stearns Abbott was an eleven-year-old girl living in Bedford with her two older sisters, a brother, and her parents. • Our family heard the alarm that meant British soldiers were marching to Concord. We got up to help Father and Brother prepare to leave early for Concord. My sisters and I made cartridges for the soldiers. We also helped Mother cook for the soldiers. Father and Brother left home so early that they did not eat much breakfast. Mother, Rachel, Susannah, and I could hear the fighting at Concord. Our house is so near the river that the sound of gunfire, carried by the water, was loud and frightening. It was a very sad day for my family. My brother, whom I loved very much, died in the battle.
Questions 1-3 • Complete