Civil Rights - Overview • Timeline • Paulsen, R.(2008). Civil rights progress 1954-1968 [Image], Retrieved November 9th, 2011, from: (http://rapaulsen.iweb.bsu.edu/portfolio/civilrights.html)
Civil Rights Importance in Education • Why did Civil Rights become a topic in higher education? • Segregation of schools • Was this constitutional? • Was this ethical? • Creates barriers and limits for minorities • Less access to education • Insufficient and low quality education • Lack of resources in minority schools • Funding • Teachers • Books
Key People • Dwight D. Eisenhower • President who did not support desegregation making efforts to progress very difficult. However, he signed the Civil Rights Act of 1957 more as a political endeavor. • Martin Luther King Jr. • Nonviolent efforts to end segregation and discrimination • “I Have a Dream” March on Washington • Nobel Peace Prize in 1964
Key People - Continued • Thurgood Marshall • Helped win Brown v. Board of Education as a lawyer • First black appointee to Supreme Court • Rosa Parks • Executed the first successful nonviolent civil rights movement, by refusing to move from her seat for a white on a bus • Actions encouraged the Montgomery bus boycott in later years • Lyndon B. Johnson • Supported Civil Rights Movement during his presidency • Big contributor to the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Voting Rights Act
Events – Little Rock High School • A crisis that happened in 1957 • Governor OrvalFaubus defied federal law to integrate schools. Federal troops were sent in to enforce the law. • Orval had Arkansas National Guard stop the nine black students fromentering the school. • Eisenhower sent 1000 troops to escort the students to class, despite his lack of support forthe Civil Rights Movement.
Events - Brown v. Board of Education • This event jumpstarted the Civil Rights Movements during this time period. • Linda Brown was a 7 year old black child from Topeka Kansas, and had to walk through a train switching yard to get to a bus to go to an all black school, with an all white school right down the street • Thurgood Marshall was one of her lawyers, along with the NAACP • Supreme court overturned the Plessey v. Ferguson case and deemed that segregation in public schools was ILLEGAL • This was a huge leap in the Civil Rights Movement • Was not implemented immediately but it was a great first step • Coined the term “Separate but Equal” WATCH THIS VIDEO!
Events – Civil Rights Act 1964 • Law that Lyndon B. Johnsonpushed which made it illegal to discriminate in any public place or in the workplace due to race, religion, nationality,or gender. • Reinforced the finding in Brown v. Board of Education further emphasizing equality, especially in education • Helped feminist movement in late 1960s • Also created the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
References – Not sure how to cite the video… • Cohen, A. M. (2010). The shaping of American higher education (2nded). SanFrancisco, CA: Jossey-Bass. • Thelin, J. R. (2004). A history of American higher education. Baltimore, MD: Jon Hopkins University Press. • AmericanHistoryRules. (2008, May 5). Brown v. board of education. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D2XHob_nVbw • Orfield, G. (2001). Schools More Separate: Consequences of a Decade of Resegregation. The Civil Rights Project, Harvard University. Pages 1- 54. Retrieved from http://eric.ed.gov/PDFS/ED459217.pdf • Moreno, P.A. (2003). The History of Affirmative Action Law and its Relation to College Admission. The Journal of College Admission, 179, 14-21. Retrieved from http://web.ebscohost.com • Shank, E., Fahs, B. (2011). Students for Peace: Contextual and Framing Motivations of Antiwar Activism. Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare, 38(2), 111-136. Retrieved from http://web.ebscohost.com
Pictures – If you want to cite them http://www.women-problem.com/human-rights/civil-rights.html http://www.quirkyworks.com/judith_mae_andersen/1957/desegregation_schools.html http://entertainmentrundown.com/39743/today-in-black-history-the-civil-rights-act-of-1964/ http://blog.reidreport.com/2009/09/the-teabaggers-march-on-washington/
More Pictures • http://gulfofmexicooilspillblog.com/2011/01/30/gulf-of-mexico-oil-spill-blog-social-media-unemployment-march-on-washington/ http://kansas150slk.blogspot.com/2010/07/brown-v-board-of-education.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosa_Parks