First African American to play major league baseball • Played for the Brooklyn Dodgers beginning in 1947 • Inspired African Americans to hope for better treatment and the end to segregation that was achieved by the civil rights movement • One of the best baseball players ever
1954 Supreme Court decision that outlawed Jim Crow laws mandating segregation in public schools • First major decision of the Warren Court • Helped inspire the civil rights movement
Refers to the Supreme Court during the years that Earl Warren served as chief justice (1953-1969) • The Warren Court is most famous for its unanimous decision that segregationist Jim Crow Laws were unconstitutional in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas • Also known as a period of judicial activism and a time of expansion of individual rights • Other famous cases include the decision guaranteeing that the arrested should know their rights (Miranda v. Arizona) and the decision amplifying the right to privacy (Griswald v. Connecticut)
First major demonstration of the civil rights movement • Began in 1955 when Rosa Parks (a local leader of the NAACP refused to give her seat on the bus to a white man, in violation of Jim Crow laws • African Americans in Montgomery, Alabama undertook a boycott of the bus system to protest segregation • Brought local pastor Martin Luther King Jr. to national prominence • Ended after more than a year when the Supreme Court ruled that segregation on buses was unconstitutional • Shortly after the boycott, Martin Luther King Jr. founded the Southern Leadership Conference (SCLC), which helped organize the civil rights movement
Organized Campaign for African American civil rights. • Carried out between the mid-1950s and the late-1960s. • Most famous leader was the Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., who advocated non-violent civil disobedience as the primary tactic to achieve change. • Major events included the supreme court’s Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas decision, the Montgomery bus boycott, the formation of the Southern Christian Leadership conference (SCLC), the Woolworth’s sit-ins, the formation of the student Nonviolent coordinating committee (SNCC), and the March of Washington. • The protest in Birmingham, Freedom summer (1964, the march from Selma to Montgomery, the passage of the civil Rights Act of 1964, the 24th Amendment, and the Voting Rights Act of 1965.
Leader of the civil rights movement • Baptist minister; masterminded the nonviolent civil disobedience strategy of the civil rights movement. • Founder of the Southern Christian Conference (SCLC) • Gave famous “I Have a Dream,” speech at the March on Washington • Assassinated on April 4, 1968, in Memphis • First individual other than George Washington and Abraham Lincoln to have a federal holiday in his honor.
Governor of Alabama during the 1950’s and 1960’s • Strong supporter of Jim Crow laws • Ordered state troops to disrupt the march from Selma in the civil rights movement • Garnered almost 10 million votes in a run for president as a segregationist third-party candidate in 1968 against Richard M. Nixon and Hubert Humphrey • Planned to run again in 1972, but was shot and paralyzed the year before
A major event of the civil rights movement • 1964 effort to expand AA voter registration in the South • Managed to register only 1,200 new voters • 15 freedom summer volunteers were killed • Promoted the need for the Voting Rights Act of 1965
1963 demonstration that was a major event on the Civil Rights movement • Brought 250,000 people to the nation’s capitol (making it the largest ever demonstration in America at that time) • Site of Martin Luther King, Jr.’s famous “I have a dream speech”
Militant movement that grew in the mid and late 1960’s as some lost patience with the slow progress of the Civil Rights movement • Advocated by Malcolm X, who was a leader of the black Muslim movement, and the Black Panthers, a militant, non-Muslim organization
Pushed through congress by Lyndon B. Johnson • A major accomplishment of the civil rights movement • Outlawed literacy tests and other systems that kept African Americans from voting, and placed both voter registration and elections under federal jurisdiction.
Who refused to give up a bus seat on a Montgomery public bus to a white person? • Rosa Parks • Orval Faublus • Thurgood Marshall • Martin Luther King, Jr.
Which of the following is NOT true about the Civil Rights Act of 1964? • The act desegregated public accommodations. • The act prohibited discrimination. • Lyndon B. Johnson played an important role in the passage of the act. • The act was proposed by President Eisenhower.
Which of the following was a result of the civil rights movement? • The 24th Amendment, eliminating the poll tax • The 26th Amendment, lowering the voting age to 18 • The election of John F. Kennedy as president • The end of the Ku Klux Klan
What effect did the Voting Rights Act of 1965 have on the number of African American voters in the south? • the number minimally increased • the number decreased • the number remained the same • the number increased significantly
The Supreme Court case Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas ruled that segregation in _______________ was unconstitutional. • schools • restaurants • hotels • restrooms
The landmark "I Have a Dream" civil rights speech was delivered at the 1963 March on Washington, D.C. by • John F. Kennedy • Malcolm X • Martin Luther King, Jr. • Rosa Parks
Which of the following cases decided by the Supreme Court under the leadership of Chief Justice Earl Warren did the most to advance the goals of the civil rights movement? • Griswold v. Connecticut • Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas • Gideon v. Wainwright • Miranda v. Arizona
All of the following are major events of the civil rights movement EXCEPT • the Montgomery bus boycott • the Seneca Falls Convention • the founding of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference • freedom summer
Who is known as the most vocal Black Muslim? • James Earl Ray • Malcolm X • Martin Luther King • Mohammad Ali
As stated in the Voting Rights Act of 1965, what test is outlawed? • intelligence • literacy • SOL • standardized
To who is Martin Luther King Jr.'s tactics compared? • Winston Churchill • Malcolm X • Mohandas Gandhi • John Brown
Which of the following legislative acts did the most to increase voting among African Americans? • Civil Rights Act of 1964 • 14th Amendment • 15th Amendment • Voting Rights Act of 1965
Which of the following twentieth-century constitutional amendments does NOT directly defend or expand individual rights? • 22nd , limiting presidential terms • 19th, enfranchising women • 26th, lowering the voting age • 24th, eliminating poll taxes
What is the name given to the massive resistance of the Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas ruling where many white students attend private academies and some schools closed? • nonviolent resistance • civil disobedience • separatism • white flight
What is the name given to the years between the Brown verdict and Martin Luther King's assassination? • Discrimination Decade • Power to Civil Rights • Second Reconstruction • Black separatism
Which Supreme Court case set the "separate but equal" precedent? • Roe v. Wade • Marbury v. Madison • Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas • Plessey v. Ferguson
What is the term for peacefully demonstrating for a change of policy without fighting authorities? • boycott • nonviolent resistance • civil disobedience • martyr
Who led the NAACP legal defense team in the Supreme Court case Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas? • John Marshall • Earl Warren • Thurgood Marshall • Oliver Hill
Which event helped influence public opinion to support civil rights legislation and demonstrated the power of non-violent, mass protest? • Little Rock Nine • Freedom Rides • Montgomery bus boycott • 1963 March on Washington
As stated in the Voting Rights Act of 1965, who are responsible for registering voters in the South? • state registrars • federal registrars • hired registrars • district registrars
Aims of the Great Society: 1.Eradicate racial injustice 2. Share abundance 3.Overcome disease 4. Dispel ignorance The Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 are examples of Great Society legislation addressing: • Aim 2 • Aim 3 • Aim 4 • Aim 1