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CIVIL RIGHTS PowerPoint Presentation
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CIVIL RIGHTS

CIVIL RIGHTS

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CIVIL RIGHTS

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  1. CIVIL RIGHTS Chapter 21 Notes

  2. The Triumphs of a Crusade • Civil Rights Act of 1875—outlawed segregation in public facilities, but in 1883 Supreme Court ruled Unconstitutional • Plessy V. Ferguson (1896)—“Separate but Equal” • Brown V. Board (1954)—segregation in schools is unconstitutional

  3. The Triumphs of a Crusade • Freedom Riders (1961)—rode busses through the South • Hoped to provoke violence • Finally, bus companies convinced the drivers to proceed to Montgomery, with Robert Kennedy’s promise of protection • Violence persisted…JFK sent U.S. marshals to protect the riders to Jackson, Mississippi • Banned segregation in all interstate travel facilities

  4. The Triumphs of a Crusade • James Meredith—allowed to enroll in all-white University of Mississippi • MLK, Jr. and SCLC were invited to help desegregate Birmingham, Alabama • Many were arrested and used other harsh tactics to break up protests • News cameras brought attention from around the country • Negative media coverage convinced officials to end segregation in Birmingham

  5. The Triumphs of a Crusade • JFK developed a civil rights bill that would guarantee equal access to all public facilities • SCLC leaders organized a march on Washington D.C. to persuade Congress to pass the bill • August 28, 1963 more than 250,000 • MLK’s “I Have a Dream” Speech • July 2, 1964 LBJ signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964—prohibited discrimination because of race, religion, national origin and gender

  6. The Triumphs of a Crusade • Freedom Summer (1964)—project to register African-Americans to vote in Mississippi • 1965—SCLC conducted a voting rights campaign in Selma • In response to violence, MLK announced a 50-mile protest march from Selma to Montgomery (1965) • Voting Rights Act of1965—eliminated literacy tests and authorized federal examiners to enroll voters denied at the local level • 1964—10% to 1968—60%

  7. The Triumphs of a Crusade