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Chapter 1. Abnormal Psychology: Definition & The Core Concepts. Core Concepts in Abnormal Psychology. Core Concepts in Defining Abnormality 1. The importance of context in defining and understanding abnormality. Core Concepts in Abnormal Psychology.

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chapter 1

Chapter 1

Abnormal Psychology:

Definition &

The Core Concepts

core concepts in abnormal psychology
Core Concepts in Abnormal Psychology

Core Concepts inDefiningAbnormality

1. The importance of context in defining and understanding abnormality

core concepts in abnormal psychology1
Core Concepts in Abnormal Psychology

2. The continuum between normal and abnormal behavior

Intelligence

Suicidality

core concepts in abnormal psychology2
Core Concepts in Abnormal Psychology

3. Cultural and historical relativism in defining and classifying abnormal behavior

  • No universal definition of abnormality
approaches to defining abnormal behavior
Approaches to Defining Abnormal Behavior
  • Does Infrequency Define Abnormality?
  • Does Suffering Define Abnormality?
  • Does Strangeness Define Abnormality?
  • Does the Behavior Itself Define Abnormality?
  • Should Normality Serve as a Guide?
commonly used criteria for defining abnormality hides
Commonly Used Criteria for Defining Abnormality (HIDES)
  • Help Seeking
  • Irrationality/Dangerousness
  • Deviance
  • Emotional Distress
  • Significant Impairment
core concepts in abnormal psychology3
Core Concepts in Abnormal Psychology

“describes behavioral, emotional, or cognitive dysfunctions that are unexpected in their cultural context and associated with personal distress or substantial impairment in functioning”

(DSM-IV)

psychopathology defined
Psychopathology Defined
  • A psychological dysfunction associated with distress or impairment in functioning that is not a typical or culturally expected response
  • Mental Illness is a less preferred term
  • Psychopathology is the scientific study of psychological disorders
core concepts in abnormal psychology4
Core Concepts in Abnormal Psychology

Science of Pathology

  • Roles
    • PhD vs. MD vs. MSW
  • Clinical descriptions
    • Prevalence, onset, prognosis, course
the science of psychopathology
The Science of Psychopathology
  • What Factors Contribute to the Development of Psychopathology?
    • Study of etiology
  • How Can We Best Improve the Lives of People Suffering From Psychopathology?
    • Study of treatment development
    • Includes pharmacologic, psychosocial, and/or combined treatment
  • How Do We Know That We Have Alleviated Psychological Suffering?
    • Study of treatment outcome
    • Limited in specifying actual causes of disorders
historical conceptions of abnormal behavior
Historical Conceptions of Abnormal Behavior
  • Major Psychological Disorders Have Existed
    • In all cultures
    • Across all time periods
  • Supernatural Theory
historical conceptions of abnormal behavior1
Historical Conceptions of Abnormal Behavior
  • Disorders caused by demons and supernatural powers
  • Treatments include exorcisms
historical conceptions of abnormal behavior2
Historical Conceptions of Abnormal Behavior
  • Biological Theory
    • Hippocrates
    • Syphilis
    • John Grey
    • Treatment Options
historical conceptions of abnormal behavior3
Historical Conceptions of Abnormal Behavior
  • Psychoanalytic Theory
    • Freud
      • Structure of the mind
      • Defense mechanisms
      • Stages of development
  • Humanistic Theory
    • Jung, Alder, Rogers
      • Self actualization
historical conceptions of abnormal behavior4
Historical Conceptions of Abnormal Behavior
  • Behaviorism
    • Pavlov’s classical conditioning
    • Watson’s Albert experiment
    • Skinner’s operant conditioning
historical conceptions of abnormal behavior5
Historical Conceptions of Abnormal Behavior
  • Thomas Szasz
    • Anti-psychiatry movements
    • Myth of Mental Illness
    • “if you talk to God, you are praying; if God talks to you, you have schizophrenia”