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Warm-up. Using the LEFT side of your Composition Notebook (or a separate sheet of paper) Imagine the last argument you had with a friend, family member, etc. (or the last break-up!) In your journal (with complete sentences): Describe the argument (what was it about, how did it end)

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warm up
  • Using the LEFT side of your Composition Notebook (or a separate sheet of paper)
    • Imagine the last argument you had with a friend, family member, etc. (or the last break-up!)
      • In your journal (with complete sentences):
        • Describe the argument (what was it about, how did it end)
        • Now reflect, did the argument happen over just one single issue? OR was it after a series of other things that person did to get on your nerves?
america the story of us
America: The Story of Us
  • When was the Fugitive Slave Act passed, and what were the consequences of this law?

2. In this episode, a commentator says that the Civil War played a role in advancing U.S. industrial progress. Can you give an example that proves this argument?

3. Define the word “inevitable” – what does this word mean? Do you think the Civil War was inevitable?

4. In your opinion, to what extent was slavery the primary cause of the Civil War? Why? (4-5sentences)

who has the advantage
Who has the Advantage?




11 states + bordering territories

9 million people (3.5 were slaves)

Agrarian society

Less than 30% of nation’s railroad

Dependent on imports, cannot tax citizens directly

Superior military leadership


  • 23 states
  • 22 million people
  • 80% of nation’s factories
  • 90% of nation’s skilled workers
  • Extensive railroad power & navy
  • 70% of the nation’s wealth
  • Few experienced military leaders
missouri compromise 1820
Missouri Compromise (1820)
  • Maine admitted as free state
  • Missouri admitted as a slave
    • Preserves sectional balance in the senate b/w slave states and free states
  • Louisiana Territory divided in ½ @ the 36”30’
    • North of the line is free
    • South of the line is slave
wilmot proviso 1846
Wilmot Proviso (1846)
  • After war w/ Mexico & Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
    • California, Utah, New Mexico are closed to slavery forever
  • Argument b/w free-soilers and slave owners
    • Free-soilers do not own slaves, farm, and are against the institution of slavery
compromise of 1850
Compromise of 1850
  • California admitted to the Union as a free state
  • Utah and New Mexico territories decide about slavery
  • Sale of slaves banned in D.C.
  • Fugitive Slave Act required people in free states to help capture and return escaped slaves
  • Establishes Popular Sovereignty
popular sovereignty
Popular Sovereignty
  • The right of residents of a territory to vote for or against slavery when becoming a state.
  • “People Power”
kansas nebraska act 1854
Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854)
  • Divides territory in ½
    • Nebraska to the North
    • Kansas to the South
  • Repeals the Missouri Compromise
  • Tests the policy of popular sovereignty
    • Violence erupts
    • People are murdered
    • Nicknamed “Bleeding Kansas”
causes of civil war
Long-Term Causes

Conflict over Slavery in territories

Economic differences b/w North and South

Tariffs of 1816, 1828, 1832

Conflict b/w states’ rights and Fed. Control

Tariffs, slavery

Immediate Cause

Election of Lincoln

South feels that their political voice will no longer be heard

Secession of Southern States

Firing on Ft. Sumter

Causes of Civil War
lincoln s first inaugural
Lincoln’s First Inaugural
  • “In your hands, my dissatisfied fellow countrymen, and not in mine, is the momentous issue of civil war. The government will not assail you…. You have no oath registered in Heaven to destroy the government, while I shall have the most solemn one to preserve, protect, and defect.”
  • What is the leading issue heading into the Civil War for the nation?
  • If you were in the shoes of Abraham Lincoln, how would you address the major nation-splitting issue of slavery? What would you do to try to reconcile the nation?

Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857)

His slave master brought him to live for a time in free territory and the free state of Illinois, but eventually returned to Missouri (slave state).

Dred Scott felt that because he had lived in a free territory, he should be free.

Decision: Supreme Court ruled that African Americans were not and could never be citizens. Dred Scott had no right to even file a lawsuit and remained enslaved.

Question: How does this case relate to the case of Marbury v. Madison?