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## Warm-up

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**Warm-up**1. Ms. Fontenot weighed her dogs. Maverick weighed 2 pounds more than 3 times Maddie’s weight. Together they weighed 14 pounds. How much does each dog weigh?**A sphere is the locus of points in space that are a fixed**distance from a given point called the center of a sphere. A radius of a sphere connects the center of the sphere to any point on the sphere. A hemisphere is half of a sphere. A great circle divides a sphere into two hemispheres**Example 1A: Finding Volumes of Spheres**Find the volume of the sphere. Give your answer in terms of . Volume of a sphere. 12 = 2304 in3 Simplify.**Example 1B: Finding Volumes of Spheres**Find the diameter of a sphere with volume 36,000 cm3. Volume of a sphere. Substitute 36,000 for V. 27,000 = r3 r = 30 Take the cube root of both sides. d = 60 cm d = 2r**Example 1C: Finding Volumes of Spheres**Find the volume of the hemisphere. Volume of a hemisphere Substitute 15 for r. = 2250 m3 Simplify.**Check It Out! Example 1**Find the radius of a sphere with volume 2304ft3. Volume of a sphere Substitute for V. r = 12 ft Simplify.**Example 3A: Finding Surface Area of Spheres**Find the surface area of a sphere with diameter 76 cm. Give your answers in terms of . S = 4r2 Surface area of a sphere S = 4(38)2 = 5776 cm2**Example 3B: Finding Surface Area of Spheres**Find the volume of a sphere with surface area 324 in2. Give your answers in terms of . S = 4r2 Surface area of a sphere Substitute 324 for S. 324 = 4r2 r = 9 Solve for r. Substitute 9 for r. The volume of the sphere is 972 in2.**Example 3C: Finding Surface Area of Spheres**Find the surface area of a sphere with a great circle that has an area of 49 mi2. A = r2 Area of a circle Substitute 49 for A. 49 = r2 r = 7 Solve for r. S = 4r2 = 4(7)2 = 196 mi2 Substitute 7 for r.**Check It Out! Example 3**Find the surface area of the sphere. S = 4r2 Surface area of a sphere S = 4(25)2 Substitute 25 for r. S = 2500 cm2**radius multiplied by :**Notice that . If the radius is multiplied by , the volume is multiplied by , or . Example 4: Exploring Effects of Changing Dimensions The radius of the sphere is multiplied by . Describe the effect on the volume. original dimensions:**Check It Out! Example 4**The radius of the sphere is divided by 3. Describe the effect on the surface area. original dimensions: dimensions divided by 3: S = 4r2 S = 4r2 = 4(3)2 = 36 m3 = 4(1)2 = 4 m3 The surface area is divided by 9.**Example 5: Finding Surface Areas and Volumes of Composite**Figures Find the surface area and volume of the composite figure. Give your answer in terms of . Step 1 Find the surface area of the composite figure. The surface area of the composite figure is the sum of the curved surface area of the hemisphere, the lateral area of the cylinder, and the base area of the cylinder.**Example 5 Continued**Find the surface area and volume of the composite figure. Give your answer in terms of . L(cylinder) = 2rh = 2(6)(9) = 108 in2 B(cylinder) = r2 = (6)2 = 36 in2 The surface area of the composite figure is 72 + 108 + 36 = 216 in2.**Example 5 Continued**Find the surface area and volume of the composite figure. Give your answer in terms of . Step 2 Find the volume of the composite figure. The volume of the composite figure is the sum of the volume of the hemisphere and the volume of the cylinder. The volume of the composite figure is 144 + 324 = 468 in3.