Harlem Renaissance Kaley Johnson Richardson Period 3 March 14th, 2011
Date: Late 1910’s- 1930’s, between the World Wars and into the Great Depression.
Definition… The Harlem Renaissance was a cultural movement that spanned in the 1920’s-1930’s. Also known as the “New Negro Movement,” which consisted of music, literature, art, and poetry.
Many historians disagree that the Harlem Renaissance has a distinct start and ending time.
William Edward Burghardt Du Bois February 23rd, 1868-August 27th, 1963. An African American intellectual leader of the United States. He graduated from Harvard University and was the first black American to earn a doctorates degree from Harvard.
Marcus Garvey Garvey encouraged all black Americans to come together as one.
Langston Hughes February 1, 1902 – May 22, 1967. Hughes was an American Poet, novelist, playwright, and columnist. He was one of the earliest to introduce Jazz Poetry. Famously wrote about the Harlem Renaissance.
Louis Armstrong August 4, 1901 – July 6, 1971. Armstrong was an Jazz trumpeter and a singer from New Orleans, Louisiana.
Duke Ellington April 29, 1899 – May 24, 1974. Ellington was a composer, pianist, and a band leader. Ellington wrote over 1,000 compositions.
Influential African Americans wanted to escape the segregation that they knew all their lives. Therefore, many migrated to Harlem, New York to find better educational and economic opportunities.
Artistic Implications The Harlem Renaissance consisted of a “coming out” for African American’s artwork. Many became famous this way. Also, some paintings are held for display next to one of Picasso’s paintings.
Musical Implications Many jazz singers and musicians rose to surface in Harlem during this time. The Cotton Club became a meeting place for many black Americans to dance, sing, and speak their poetry. This is also were “night life” became popular.
Literature The Harlem Renaissance consisted of many poetic people who expressed their selves through literature.
Political Implications Harlem became known as the “hotbed” for many political debated through its popularity.
Religious Implications The Harlem Renaissance encouraged people to become very creative and philosophical through its religious creativity.
Social Implications The Harlem Renaissance forced the issue of racial inequality and racial integration. African Americans freely expressed themselves and celebrated their black cultures.
Bill Robinson Robinson was an American tap dancer and an actor. He also created the manner of the Jitterbug.
Billie Holiday April 7, 1915 – July 17, 1959. Holiday was an American Jazz singer and songwriter. She had a great influence on Jazz and Pop singing.