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Warm up. Solve:. Lesson 2-2 Applications of Algebra. Objective: To use algebra to solve word problems. Problem Solving Steps. 1. Read the problem carefully 2. Define the variable 3. Write the equation 4. Solve the problem 5. Check you work!. Single Variable Problems. Prices & Discounts

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warm up
Warm up
  • Solve:
lesson 2 2 applications of algebra

Lesson 2-2 Applications of Algebra

Objective: To use algebra to solve word problems

problem solving steps
Problem Solving Steps
  • 1. Read the problem carefully
  • 2. Define the variable
  • 3. Write the equation
  • 4. Solve the problem
  • 5. Check you work!
single variable problems
Single Variable Problems
  • Prices & Discounts
    • If you pay $50 for a pair of shoes after receiving a 20% discount, what was the price of the shoes before the discount?
      • Let s – price of shoes before discount
      • Discount = .20s
      • s - .20s = 50
prices and discounts
Prices and Discounts
  • If you pay $75 for a new phone after receiving a discount, and the original price was $125. How much discount did you receive?
coin problems
Coin Problems
  • Carrie has 40 more nickels than Joan has dimes. They both have the same amount of money. How many coins does each girl have?
  • Let x = the number of coins that Joan has.
  • 5(40 + x) = 10x
  • 200 + 5x = 10x
  • 200 = 5x
  • 40 = x
coin problems1
Coin Problems
  • Karl has some nickels and pennies totaling $1.80. He has 4 fewer pennies than three times the number of nickels. How many of each does he have?
simple interest
Simple Interest
  • Interest (I) = Principal(P) x rate(R) x time(t)
  • Principal= amount borrowed or invested
  • Total amount owed:

S = P + I = P + Prt

simple interest1
Simple Interest
  • A part of $10,000 was borrowed at 3% simple annual interest and the remainder at 5%. If the total amount of interest due after 3 years is $1275, how much was borrowed at each rate?

1275 = 0.09s + 0.15(10000-s)

simple interest2
Simple Interest
  • A part of $25,000 was borrowed at 7% simple annual interest and the remainder at 4%. If the total amount of interest due after 4 years is $5000, how much was borrowed at each rate?
distance problems uniform motion
Distance Problems (Uniform Motion)
  • Distance = Rate x Time (d=rt)
  • Are the distances equal?
  • Do they add together to a total?
distance problems uniform motion1
Distance Problems (Uniform Motion)
  • Mary & Michael leave school traveling in opposite directions. Michael is walking and Mary is biking, averaging 6 km/h more than Michael. If they are 18 km apart after 1.5 h, what is the rate of each?
slide13

Distance Problems (Uniform Motion)

  • Andrew begins biking south at 20 km/h at noon. Justin leaves from the same point 15 min. later to catch up with him. If Justin bikes at 24 km./h, how long will it take him to catch up to Andrew?
warm up1
Warm up
  • Erin drove her car to the garage at 48 km/ h and then walked back home at 8 km/h. The drive took 10 min less than the walk home. How far did Erin walk and for how long?
mixture problems
Mixture Problems
  • A grocer makes a natural breakfast cereal by mixing oat cereal costing $2 per kilogram with dried fruits costing $9 per kilogram. How many kilograms of each are needed to make 60 kg of cereal costing $3.75 per kilogram?
mixture problems1
Mixture Problems
  • How many liters of water must be added to 20L of a 24% acid solution to make a solution that is 8% acid?
work problems
Work Problems
  • Involves 2 or more people or machines completing a task.
  • The rate of work per unit of time is usually a fraction. (If it takes 3 hour for it to complete the job the rate is 1/3 of a job per hour)
  • Rate = job
  • Work done = (Rate)(Time)
work problems1
Work Problems
  • One printing press can finish a job in 8 h. The same job would take a second press 12 h. How long would it take both presses together?
work problems2
Work Problems
  • A mail handler needs 3 h to sort an average day’s mail, but with an assistant it takes 2h. How long would it take the assistant to sort the mail working alone?