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Chapter 10: Europe in the Middle Ages Impact Today: The revival of trade brought with it a money economy and the emergence of capitalism, which is widespread in the world today. Modern universities had their origins in medieval Europe. The medieval history of Europe can be seen today in Europe’s great cathedrals.
Section 1: Peasants, Trade, and Cities Main Ideas: New farming practices, the growth of trade, and the rise of cities created a flourishing European society. The revival of trade and the development of a money economy offered new opportunities for people.
Important Terms • New Agriculture…What new technology was seen in the Middle Ages? • Manorial System • Peasant’s Wheel of Life • Industry and Guilds • Journeymen • Apprentice • Guilds- business associations
Section 2: Christianity and Medieval Civilizations Main Ideas: The Catholic Church played a dominate role in the lives of people during the High Middle Ages. Strong leadership by the popes made the Catholic church a forceful presence in medieval society.
Important Terms: • Papal States • Lay investiture • Pope Gregory VII…Henry IV • (Investiture controversy) • Concordat of Worms • Pope Innocent III • interdict, sacraments • Franciscans and Dominicans • The Inquisition (Holy Office)
Section 4: The Late Middle Ages Main Ideas: Europe in the fourteenth century was challenged by overwhelming number of disastrous forces. European rulers reestablished the centralized power of monarchial governments.
Important Terms: • Black Death • Decline in Church Power • The Popes of Avignon • Great Schism • Hundreds Years’ War • Crecy and Agincourt • Henry V • Joan of Arc