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The Church in the Middle Ages. World History A Forest Lake High School Mr. Koch. The Church in the Middle Ages. The Pope/Church start to claim secular and spiritual authority “papal supremacy” Especially in west Europe. The Church in the Middle Ages. Bishops

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The Church in the Middle Ages


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the church in the middle ages

The Church in the Middle Ages

World History A

Forest Lake High School

Mr. Koch

the church in the middle ages1
The Church in the Middle Ages
  • The Pope/Church start to claim secular and spiritual authority
    • “papal supremacy”
    • Especially in west Europe
the church in the middle ages2
The Church in the Middle Ages
  • Bishops
    • A lot of local control (official or not)
  • Many corrupted or highly secular clergymen
    • Often an establishment for the wealthy
meanwhile in the east byzantine empire
Meanwhile, in the East (Byzantine Empire…)
  • Greek (or Eastern) Orthodox Christianity
  • Rejected papal authority
  • Kept marriage for clergy
  • Greek (not Latin) official language
  • Easter – primary holy day
  • Ban use of icons (later reversed)
  • Rivalry develops between two churches
holy roman empire
Holy Roman Empire
  • 962 AD
    • Pope John XII crowns King Otto of Germany emperor
    • Successors called “Holy Roman Emperor”
pope gregory vii 1073 1085
Pope Gregory VII (1073-1085)
  • Tried to break Church’s ties to secular rulers
  • Declared only Pope can appoint Bishops
  • “lay investiture”
  • Angered Holy Roman Emperor
  • Henry IV
  • Gregory excommunicates Henry
  • Henry asks for forgiveness – it’s granted
  • Later forces Pope into exile
pope innocent iii took office 1198
Pope Innocent III (took office 1198)
  • Claimed supremacy over all other rulers
    • Won many conflicts with powerful rulers
avignon papacy
Avignon Papacy
  • 1309-1377
    • Papal court moved to Avignon (France)
      • Started by Clement V
  • Reformers felt this papacy became too worldly
  • 1378 papacy moved back to Rome
  • Dispute over election leads to “antipopes” ruling from Avignon
  • “Western schism” – 2 (sometimes 3) Popes ruling
monasticism
Monasticism
  • Many becoming monks/nuns during this time
monasticism1
Monasticism
  • Benedictine Rule – regulates monastic life

1. Obedience (to Abbot/Abbotess)

2. Poverty

3. Chastity

  • Manual labor particularly important
  • Provided basic services in community or traveled as missionaries
  • Would preserve/copy written works
  • Allowed women a stronger social role
monasticism2
Monasticism
  • Friars – traveling monks
    • Preach to the poor
  • Francis of Assisi (Franciscan)
  • Dominic (Dominican)