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From Bologna to the Blogosphere. A History of Written Correspondence ’ Summer School June 23rd - July 4th 2014. The Abbreviation systems from the Roman Era to the Middle Ages. Flavia Manservigi. Abbreviations today. Abbreviations today. Abbreviations today.

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The Abbreviation systems from the Roman Era to the Middle Ages


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    1. From Bologna to the Blogosphere. A History of Written Correspondence’ Summer School June 23rd - July 4th 2014 The Abbreviationsystems from the Roman Era to the Middle Ages Flavia Manservigi

    2. Abbreviations today

    3. Abbreviations today

    4. Abbreviations today

    5. What is the meaning of ‘abbreviation’? From Latin brevis = short

    6. The Law of the minimum effort When we read, our eyes only see the most meaningful letters of a text and the general combination of the words, but not the single strokes composing it. So it is sufficient to write only those meaningful signs to make a writing understandable

    7. Abbreviations in ancientRome

    8. Sigla

    9. Proper names M = Manius K = Kaeso C or CN = Gaius, Gnaeus

    10. Citizens’ tribus AEM = Aemilia CAM = Camilia CLA = Claudia

    11. State offices COS = consul PR = praetor AED = aedilis TR PL = tribunus plebis

    12. Common words F = filius L = libertus

    13. Political events F = fas N = nefas Q R C F = quando rex comitiavit fas

    14. Abbreviation on coins in the Roman Era P(ublius) SULA ROMA ROMA Q(uintus) MAX(imus)

    15. Abbreviations in lawtexts:Senatusconsultus de Asclepiade AEQVOM.CENSVERE.EA.ITA.FIEREI.ITA.V.E.E.R.P.F.S.V.C. ITA.V.E.E.R.P.F.S.V.C. = ita utei eis e re publica fideque sua videatur. Censuere

    16. The abbreviations of codes in the Roman Era fancie(n)tes triduu(m) quaeda(m) co(m)pulsus Titus Livius, book XXXIV (E.L. 56)

    17. The abbreviations of letters in the Roman Era s(alutem) d(eicit) Letter; 1st century B.C. (E.L. 19)

    18. A good invention by Cicero’s scribe

    19. The Tironian notes’ alphabet

    20. Tironian notes - some examples

    21. Tironian notes - some examples

    22. Syllabic notes Sil-ve–ster–Ger–ber–tus ro –ma-nus e-pis-co-pus

    23. Tironian notes and Syllabic notes = m – p- um = mu – ni – ci- pi - um

    24. The Notae iuris Abbreviations used in the juridical codesto express both juridical and not juridical terms

    25. The Notae iuris q(uod) e(t) et(iam) q(ue) Verona, I (1), Appendix to fragment IV (ll. XI-XIII), ChLA 475

    26. Abbreviationsfrom the Islands

    27. Examples of codes with insularabbreviations Milan, Ambros. C. 5 inf.; 7th century (A.D. 680-691) (ChLA 311)

    28. Examplesofcodeswithinsularabbreviations Naples, IV A. 8 (ll.1-39); 8th century; insular script from Bobbio (ChLA 400)

    29. The Carolingian unity The Angelica Code

    30. Abbreviations in the age of Scholasticism

    31. Abbreviations in the ageof the Press

    32. Abbreviations types

    33. Suspension = s(cilicet) = mill(esimo) = cent(esimo)

    34. Suspension = voce(m) = tradim(us) = cart(ula)

    35. Contraction = e(ss)e = ip(s)e = do(n)no

    36. Contraction = s(an)c(t)i = t(em)p(or)e = acc(i)o(n)e

    37. Symbolicelementsofanabbreviation = dot = dot above comma = comma or apostrophe = horizontal stroke

    38. Symbolicelementsofanabbreviation = other shapes of the horizontal stroke

    39. Abbreviation strokes with a specific meaning = m, n = con, com, cum, cun = us, os, is, s = ur, tur, er = rum = et

    40. Superscript letters

    41. = a(nim)a = a(nima)l = a(u)t

    42. = p(r)a = sup(r)a = p(r)i = p(r)iori(s) = sac(r)i = c(r)i

    43. = a(li)q(u)is = a(l)iq(u)as = a(l)iq(u)o

    44. Syllabic abbreviations

    45. - am, - an - em, - en

    46. - ber - bus

    47. con, com cum, cun

    48. de dum

    49. in

    50. lis, lum, lus(end of the word) el, le, lu (in the middle of the word)