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What were the reasons for the success of the Umayyad Empire?

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What were the reasons for the success of the Umayyad Empire?
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  1. What were the reasons for the success of the Umayyad Empire? • Weakness of Byzantine and Persian Empires • Muslims welcomed as liberators (better than the other guys) • Fighting methods (Camel and horse cavalry)

  2. How did Umayyads treat the conquered people? • Special Tax on Non-Muslims • Did not convert – Taxes support military • Christians and Jews helped society • Muslims told to live separately from them

  3. What were the benefits for conversion? • Political or economic advantage • Islam’s simple direct message • No hierarchy • No priests • Equality

  4. Identify 3 reasons for the decline of the Umayyad Empire • Adapt to ruling a large empire • Relied on local officials • Non-Arabs did not have the same rights • Tensions between wealthy and poor • Corruption of Leaders

  5. Umayyad Empire

  6. Abbasid Empire • Who was the Founder of the Abbasid Empire • Abu al-Abbas • Identify 4 changes that happened under the Abbasid Empire • No large military • Islam became more diverse • Learning • Ended discrimination • Wealth grew • Moved the Capital to Baghdad

  7. Abbasid Empires

  8. Compare and Contrast the Umayyad and Abbasid Empires Umayyad Only Abbasid Only Total Equality Capital Baghdad No military Smaller Empire Learning Persian Influence • Military • Harsh treatment of Non-Muslims • Larger Kingdom • Liked money • Capital Damascus

  9. Ottoman Empire • What was the capital of the Ottoman Empire? • Istanbul (formally Constantinople) • Identify 3 contributions of Suleiman the Magnificent • Modernized the Army • Conquered new lands • Organized government • Ruled through edicts

  10. Ottoman Society • Men of the Sword • Soldiers • All Muslim • Men of the Pen • Scientists, lawyers, judges poets • All Muslim • Men of Negotiation • Merchants, Tax Collectors, Artisans • Non Muslims Included • Men of Husbandry • Farmer and Herders • Non Muslims Included

  11. Ottoman vs. Safavid