Day 125: Politics of Boom and Bust. Baltimore Polytechnic Institute March 14, 2012 A.P. U.S. History Mr. Green. Politics of Boom and Bust. Objectives: Students will: Explain and analyze America’s turn toward social conservatism and normalcy following World War I.
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Baltimore Polytechnic Institute
March 14, 2012
A.P. U.S. History
Objectives: Students will:
Explain and analyze America’s turn toward social conservatism and normalcy following World War I.
Describe the cultural conflicts of the 1920s over such issues as immigration, cultural pluralism, and prohibition; and describe the rise of organized crime during the decade.
Describe the rise of Protestant Fundamentalism and its apparent defeat in the landmark Scopes Trial.
Concerned about the success of the Bolshevik Revolution, the United States, Britain, and other nations send troops to participate in the Russian Civil War in the hope of toppling Lenin’s communist government. Domestically, a systematic effort to suppress Bolsheviks, or reds, is launched. A political cartoon in The American Pageant (13th ed., p. 721/14th ed., p. 771) makes it abundantly clear that leftists have no place in American life.
Intolerance grows in the nation after World War I. A new and more virulent nativist strain emerges in the reborn Ku Klux Klan, which has expanded its influence across the nation.
To shrink immigration from certain areas of the world, a quota system is put in place. That and the Immigration Act of 1924 dramatically reduce eastern and southern European immigration.
A disillusioned America turned away from idealism and reform after World War I and toward isolationism in foreign affairs, domestic social conservatism, and the pleasures of prosperity.
New technologies, mass-marketing techniques, and new forms of entertainment fostered rapid cultural change along with a focus on consumer goods. But the accompanying changes in moral values and uncertainty about the future produced cultural anxiety, as well as sharp intellectual critiques of American life.
Quiz on Friday 20 questions-Chapters 29-32
Focus Questions-Chapter 32 due on Friday
Florida real estate
100’s of banks failed annually
Buying on margin
National debt increased
rich invested in tax-exempt securities instead of factories
lowered taxes-shift to middle-income groups
indirectly encourage bull market
Identify 3 reasons for the Stock Market Crash of 1929.
Describe the position of Marcus Garvey and his role in the African-American community.
Identify the areas of cultural change observed during the 1920’s.
Describes the position of the U.S. Presidents toward business in the 1920’s.
Describe the impact farmers felt in the years following WWI.
“while Washington could not tell a lie, Harding could not tell a liar”
Charles Evans Hughes-State
Harry Daugherty-Attorney General
Improve laissez-faire by government support
Supreme Court-Harding picked 4
Adkins v. Children’s Hospital-reversed Muller v. Oregon
Save the railroad for the country
railroads returned to private ownership
Railway Labor Board cut wages 12% in 1922
2 month strike
Injunction used to break strike
union membership declined through 1930
Veterans Bureau, American Legions, paid-up insurance policy
Fordney-McCumberTarrif of 1922-38.5%
Duties on farm products
Europe responded with tariffs
Teapot Dome Scandal
naval oil reserves at Teapot Dome and Elk Hills
Albert Fall leased oil fields for a bribe
Harding died August 2, 1923
Coolidge takes over
Prices declined as farming became more efficient
New technology allowed for more land to be cultivated
End of government guaranteed high prices
twice vetoed by Coolidge
Republicans nominate Calvin Coolidge
Democrats nominate John W. Davis
Progressive Party nominated Robert La Follette 15,718,211 to 8,385,283
La Follette recorded 5 million votes
382 to 136 to 13
Read Chapter 32
Prepare for 5 question quiz on Thursday