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Unit One- Politics. Politics involves several aspects, such as policies, parties, election, government management, diplomacy, ect. I. Knowledge Contest. 1. When and how often does U.S. launch the presidential campaign? 2. What are presidential qualifications in US?

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unit one politics

Unit One- Politics

Politics involves several aspects, such as policies, parties, election, government management, diplomacy, ect.

i knowledge contest
I. Knowledge Contest

1. When and how often does U.S. launch the presidential campaign?

2. What are presidential qualifications in US?

  • The Constitution requires presidents to be _____________ citizens of the United States who are at least ___ years of age and have resided in the United States for ___ years.

3. Who might be the first woman to make a bid for the White House in 2008?






  • Election to the Presidency
  • The power of the presidency makes it the most __________ (吃香的) position in American politics. The Constitution originally provided for the election of the president and ____________ by the electoral college (总统选举团). Voters do not elect the president directly, they, however to vote for the electors who support a particular _________________ (总统候选人). The number of electors in each state is equal to the number of each state's representatives in both houses of Congress.

vice president

presidential candidate



  • The District of Columbia, although having no representative in Congress, has three electors. Altogether there are ____electoral votes. All of each state's electoral votes go to the candidate winning the most votes in that state no matter how slim the margin.
  • 50个州选举人和哥伦比亚特区(the District of Columbia,美国联邦直辖区,即美国首都华盛顿)的3 名选举人共_______构成选举团人(the Electoral College)。在每一州中获得选举人票数最多的总统候选人便赢得该州的全部选举人票(winner-take-all)。获胜者必须拥有半数选票,即多于538/2,至少270张。如果没有候选人获得270张选举人票,宪法规定众议院投票选举总统。


Primary Elections (预选)
  • Political parties choose their presidential nominees through primary elections and party caucuses (meetings预备会议). In these state contests, the major political parties—the ______________________ —select delegates to attend their party conventions. Primary voters and caucus participants choose delegates who will support their favored candidate at the convention. The party conventions, held in the summer before the November general election, formally nominate the winner of the primaries and caucuses.

Democrats and Republicans

Election Campaign The campaign for the presidency traditionally begins in early September and ends on Election Day—the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November. Candidates often complain about the length of the campaign period, which can require grueling 20-hour days of speechmaking and traveling. Even as they spread campaign themes through national television and radio campaigns, the candidates also make hundreds of speeches in cities and towns across the country to appeal to specific groups of voters.
Election Day and Inauguration
  • The formal balloting (投票) of the electoral college, however, does not take place until the first Monday after the second Wednesday of December, when the electors meet in each state. These results are transmitted to the secretary of the Senate and are counted publicly before a joint session of Congress on January 6. Under the original provisions of the Constitution, the president and vice president were inaugurated on March 4 of the year following their election.
In 1933 the 20th Amendment went into effect, moving the inauguration date up to ____________. At the inaugural ceremony, the new president recites anoath: I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States.

January 20

ii introductory remark
II. Introductory Remark
  • In this unit, we just intend to focus on the topic about election, the key political issue in America in 2004. Actually, to clarify the process of presidential election (总统选举) is no easy task, you’re expected to get familiarized with the chief 2 parties in the U.S. first, that is, the Republican Party (共和党), also named GOP (Grand Old Party 大佬党) and the Democratic Party (民主党),
ii 1 the democratic party
II-1 The Democratic Party
  • Thomas Jefferson, in the late 1700's, started the first political party with the conviction that the federal government was assuming too much power over domestic policy and should be stopped. His party became known as the "Democratic" party when candidate Andrew Jackson became President in 1828.
  • Andrew Jackson was known as a man of the people. He took the Democratic party that Jefferson and his elite collegues had formed and turned it over to the citizens of the United States.
ii 2 the democratic party vs the republican party
II-2 The Democratic Party vs. The Republican Party
  • The Democratic Party held its first convention in 1832 to re-elect Andrew Jackson to a second term. Its convention began the Democratic National Committee in 1848. It has become the longest running political organization in the world.
  • The Republican Party held its first convention in1854, with supporters then including anti-slavery activists and advocates of the idea that the government should grant western lands to settlers free of charge.

The donkey

Story of Party Animals

  • Party animals involved statues of donkeys and elephants. _________ is the official animal of the Democratic Party. __________ represents the Republican Party. The status of an elephant as Republican Party’s symbol appears to be safe. Win or lose, both symbols have endured.
  • The elephant - symbol of the Republican Party since 1874 - remembers that GOP stands for “Grand Old Party,” but increasingly, the elephant is standing alone.

The elephant

When Andrew Jackson ran for president in 1828, his opponents tried to label him a “jackass”(蠢驴;笨蛋)for his populist views and his slogan, “Let the people rule.” Jackson, however, picked up on their name calling and turned it to his own advantage by using the donkey on his campaign posters. During his presidency, the donkey was used to represent Jackson’s stubbornness (顽固).
  • Thomas Nast, a famous political cartoonist, used the donkey first in an 1874 editorial cartoon to depict the Democrats as a donkeytrying to scare a Republican elephant.
ii 3 timeline for 2004 presidential campaign
II-3 Timeline for 2004 Presidential Campaign
  • The United States elects a president every four years. Currently Republicans control not just the White House but also both houses of Congress.
  • In 2003, 9 Democrats, 8 men and 1 woman began competing for the Democratic Party nomination for president of the United States in the 2004 election, having entered the race for the chance to oppose President Bush.
The candidates include Senators (参议员) John Edwards, Bob Graham, John Kerry and Joseph Lieberman, and former Senator Carol Moseley Braun. Others include Representatives(州议员)Richard Gephardt and Dennis Kucinich. Candidate Howard Dean is the former governor of Vermont (佛蒙特州). And, Al Sharpton is a Christian clergyman and a civil rights leader.
  • As a result, the veteran (老练的) John Kerry became the Democratic candidate to run for the 2004 presidential campaign after beating the youngest candidate John Edwards.
ii 4 about john kerry
II-4 About John Kerry
  • John Kerry received many honors for military service. He was a Navy officer during the Vietnam War. But later he opposed that war. In nineteen-eighty-four, Massachusetts voters elected him to the United States Senate. He maintains Democrats must support making America safer and stronger if they are to win the presidency.
  • He announced his position on issues like economy and taxes, home security, health care, education, the environment, etc.
iii translation
III. Translation
  • 唱名表决
  • roll-call vote
  • 拉选票
  • seek a vote
  • 不记名投票
  • secret ballot
  • 选举人票
  • electoral vote
  • 选举人制
  • electoral system
  • 直接选举

direct election

  • 普选制

general election system

  • 等额选举

single-candidate election

  • 差额选举

competitive election

  • 补缺选举



make the final vote

  • 不信任投票

vote of non-confidence

  • 换届选举

election at expiration of office terms

  • 选举权和被选举权

the right to vote and the right to be elected

clinton vs bush
Clinton vs. Bush
  • William J. Clinton
  • the first Democratic president since Franklin D. Roosevelt to win a second term.

George W. Bush

the 43rd President of the United States. He was sworn into office on January 20, 2001, after a campaign. In the 2004 Presidential campaign, he successfully won a second term.


Clinton attends in person to everything, trivial or critical; he and his advisors never fail to take part in the interminable meetings of politics or economy; he can memorize data well just like a computer. On the contrary, Bush dislikes a meeting that lasts over 15 minutes, and even loathes being bothered by confusing figures.

  • 克林顿是一部机器;那些无休止的政治或经济问题的会议,他与顾问们必定参加。相反,小布什痛恨那些超过15分钟的会议,更不喜欢人们用乱七八糟的数字去烦他。
  • Clinton has cared very much about public approval presented by polls since his early presidency, where Bush, in a sharp contrast, proclaimed at the outset of his election that he would make all decisions on his own.
克林顿酷爱读书,而其继任者却非如此。前总统生活快活,风流倜傥,还经常喝上几口。但新总统自14 年前戒杯之后已滴酒不沾。
  • Clinton is an avid reader, but his successor is not. Joyful, casual and elegant, the ex-president time and again drinks a little, but the new president has been a teetotal since he abstained from it 14 years ago.
小布什出身于得克萨斯州新英格兰贵族家庭; 前任总统是来自于普通家庭,经历艰辛,锤炼了自己的才能,他用自己的个人智慧和口才做事,而这正是继任者所缺乏的。
  • Bush Jr. was born of a privileged WASP family in Texas, while the former, from an ordinary family, has tempered himself and developed his talents in hardships. He works with his wisdom and eloquence, which his successor is short of.
part a snap judgments
Part A Snap Judgments

I. Vocabulary Preparation:

snap /  / made quickly, without careful thought 迅速的;仓促的

make a ~ decision / make a ~ search of …

(Am. slang) It’s a ~ job. (= very easy job)

slick /  / done in a skilful and attractive way; very good or attractive 巧妙的;吸引人的

a ~ show / a ~ time / a ~ TV presenter

ad /  / an advertisement; a public notice offering or asking for goods, services, etc.广告

an ~ campaign / a classified/want ~ 分类/征聘广告

commercial /  / an advertisement on television or radio (广播、电视的)广告

run ~s 主办广告节目

candidate /  / someone who is competing in an election 候选人

endorse a ~ 同意(支持)某候选人

a leading ~ for the presidency 总统的主要候选人

glimpse /  / a quick look at someone or something that does not allow you to see them clearly 瞥见;一瞥

get/catch a brief ~ of the city

demonstrate /  / to show or describe how to do something or how something works 示范;演示

~ sth. to sb. / ~ how to do sth.

clip /  / a short part of a film or television program that is shown by itself, especially as an advertisement 片段;剪辑

go through all the ~s on an event / a televised news ~

rate /  / to think that someone or something has a particular quality, value, or standard 评估;评价

~ sb.’s English at a B 给某人的英语打B分

We ~ your services highly. 我们对你的服务评价很高。

weird /  / very strange and unusual, and difficult to understand or explain 怪异的;神秘的;不可思议的

a ~ story 诡异的故事 a ~ idea 古怪的念头



glance at, down, over, round, through …

glance /  / a quick or brief look一瞥;匆匆一看

take a ~ at the newspaper headlines

steal ~es at sb.

prehistoric /  / relating to the time in history before anything was written down 史前的

in ~ times 在史前时期

~ man/remains/animals 史前人类/遗迹/动物

ii notes
II. Notes

Let’s pay tribute to the renowned anchor - late

Peter Jennings (1938-2005, born in Canada) the lead anchor and senior editor of ABCNEWS’ World News Tonight, where he has established a reputation for independence and excellence in broadcast journalism. He became an American citizen in 2004. He died of lung cancer at the age of 67 on August 8, 2005 彼得•詹宁斯

ABC theAmerican Broadcasting Company, a television and radio network in the United States, today owned by the Walt Disney Company 美国广播公司
  • Robert Krulwich a New York-based ABCNEWS correspondent who appears regularly on Nightline. He also reports for World News Tonight With Peter Jennings, and Good Morning America.罗伯特•克鲁尔维奇
iii spot dictation
III. Spot Dictation
  • Peter Jennings: Thank you for joining us this evening: Snap Judgments. Candidates in the political campaign are going to spend hundreds of millions of dollars this year trying to 1 with slick 30-second commercials. But maybe all they need are five-second ads, even two seconds! ABC’s Robert Krulwich tonight on how important 2 is.
  • (People yelling in background)

influence voters

that very first impression

Robert Krulwich: Now it’s getting interesting, and as these candidates flash by on TV for a second or two, even 3 makes an impression. A bigger impression than you know.
  • Nalini Ambady: Yeah, I think you are making an impression.

the briefest glimpse


a bunch of

  • Robert Krulwich: Psychology professor Nalini Ambady knows this, because a few years ago she did an experiment. She asked 4 students like these to come to a classroom here at Harvard and she showed them short videos of teachers 5 . Let me demonstrate. She showed a guy like me, lecturing in a lecture hall, except you (talking to professor) turned off the sound. So they watched something like this, a teacher teaching 6 for how long? (asking the professor)
  • Nalini Ambady: These clips are 10 seconds long.

they never met

with no sounds

Robert Krulwich: Ten seconds?
  • Nalini Ambady: Uh huh.
  • Robert Krulwich: That’s all?
  • Nalini Ambady: Yeah.
  • Robert Krulwich: Then—we’re re-creating this here (showing chart), the students were asked to rate the teacher in a number of categories. And 7 were then compared to a course evaluation filled out by students who’d have the teacher three days a week for a whole semester. And what happened?
  • Nalini Ambady: Uhm…there was 8 [in their evaluations]. It was amazing!

those ratings

very little difference

Robert Krulwich: So students who saw the professor for ten seconds gave the exact same ratings as the students who knew him for months!
  • Nalini Ambady: Precisely! That’s exactly what we found.
  • Robert Krulwich: Ok, now just for the fun of it, you get 9 students and you show them clips of professors that last two seconds—two seconds and no sound! Which is…like, nothing!
  • Nalini Ambady: Yeah. [laughing] It passes by fast.
  • Robert Krulwich: And after a two-second look, student ratings were 10 to the full semester evaluation. That is so weird!

a new set of

almost identical

Robert Krulwich: Ah, well, we had the same reaction.
  • Robert Krulwich: But if a two-second glimpse can tell you that much about a teacher, just possibly a two-second glance on the TV can tell you something important about a candidate for president. From prehistoric times we have evolved to look at faces and make snap judgments: is he going to hurt me, is he going to help me? Brains, says professor Ambady, can decide a lot in two seconds. So quick impressions matter! Robert Krulwich, ABC News.
part b hillary clinton s journey
Part B Hillary Clinton’s Journey

I. Vocabulary Preparation:

  • exclusively /  / only; not shared with others 独有地;独家地

e.g. The article was written ~ (专门撰写) for Newsweek.

  • memoir /  / a book by someone important and famous in which they write about their life and experiences 回忆录;自传
  • scandal /  / action, attitude, etc. that is disgraceful or shameful 丑闻;丑行;丑事

e.g. spread/uncover/cover up ~ about sb.

wring someone’s neck to kill someone by twisting their neck or pressing their throat with your hands, a rope, etc. used when you are very angry with someone 扭断脖子;掐死
  • aftermath /  / the period of time after something such as a war, storm, or accident when people are still dealing with the results 某事件后的一段时期;事后

e.g. in the ~ of war (election) / endure an ~ (后果)

  • run for to be a candidate in an election (for a political position) 竞选(某一政治职位)
senate /  / the smaller and more important of the two parts of the government with the power to make laws, in countries such as the US, Australia, and France 参议院
  • confess /  / to admit, especially to the police, that you have done something wrong or illegal 承认;坦白

e.g. He ~ed his crime honestly to the police.

He ~edhaving killed / that he had killed his boss.

  • due /  / scheduled; expected 预定的;预期的

e.g. His next book is ~ out shortly.

He is about ~ for a promotion.

headline /  / a line of words printed in large letters as the title of a story in a newspaper, or the main points of the news that are broadcast on television or radio 标题;内容提要

e.g. a ~ figure 重要新闻人物

a ~-making incident 成为头条新闻的大事

be in the national ~s 成为全国各大报纸的头条新闻

  • break /  / to disclose; to make known 泄露;发布 e.g. ~ the bad news gently to somebody
  • rumor /  / (instance of) information spread by being talked about but not certainly true 谣言;传闻

e.g. spread/confirm a ~ that …/about… 传播/证实谣言

intern /  / someone, especially a student, who works for a short time in a particular job in order to gain experience 实习生;见习生

e.g. work as ~s

  • log /  / a record of events 日志;记录

e.g. write up/keep a ~ 记录航海/飞行日志

  • cross-examine /  / to question someone closely, especially with regard to answers or information given previously 盘问;诘问
  • testify /  / to give evidence; declare as a witness, especially in court 提供证据;作证

e.g. ~ on behalf of the accused man 为被告作证

oath /  / (words used in making a) solemn promise to do something or solemn declaration that something is true 宣誓;誓词;誓约

e.g. swear/take an ~ to do sth. 宣誓;发誓

break/violate an ~ that …违背誓言

  • level withsomeone to speak honestly to someone, after hiding some unpleasant facts from them 对…说实话

e.g. I don’t think you’re ~ing with me.


  • furious /  / full of violent anger 狂怒的;暴怒的

e.g. be ~ about/at/over sth. at/with sb.


dumbfounded /  / extremely surprised or astonished 惊愕的;目瞪口呆的 I’m ~ by the news.
  • beside oneself to be feeling so angry, excited, etc. that one finds it difficult to control themselves; in a state of extreme excitement or anger 几乎发狂的;不知所措的

e.g. beside oneself with joy/rage 狂喜/狂怒

  • jury /  / group of people in a law court who have been chosen to listen to the facts in a case and to decide whether the accused person is guilty or not guilty 陪审团;评判委员会 sit/serve on the ~ 任陪审员
  • air /  / to broadcast something on radio or television (在无线电或电视)广播;播放 ~ the show/course
ii notes1
II. Notes
  • Elizabeth Vargas (1962-) a correspondent for ABC News 20/20 since June 1997 and an anchor for World News Tonight Saturday伊丽莎白•瓦加斯
  • Barbara Walters (1929-) an American television commentator known for her many years as a network anchor on news programs, on the Today show, for her years on the newsmagazine 20/20 and on the estrogen-chat program The View巴巴拉•沃尔特
Eastern Time the standard time in the 5th time zone west of Greenwich, used in the eastern United States (美国)东部时间
  • Monica Lewinsky (1973-) an American businesswoman who was caught up in a sex scandal investigation when she was an intern working at the White House. While at the White House she had a short-term sexual relationship with the President. The news of this affair, and the resulting investigation, and impeachment, became known as the Lewinsky scandal. 莫妮卡·莱温斯基
Bill Clinton (1946-) the 42nd President of the US, from 1993 to 2001. Clinton was a popular President for most of his period in office, because the US economy was strong. He is also known for a sex scandal with Monica Lewinsky that happened near the end of the time he was president. 比尔·克林顿
  • In order to know more about the sexual scandal, PLS watch the following interview about Bill Clionton…
iii bill clinton s interview
III. Bill Clinton’s Interview
  • Dan Rather: In her book, Senator[1] Hillary Clinton describes the moment when her husband finally told her the truth about Monica Lewinsky. She wrote that, upon hearing the news, she could hardly breathe, was gulping[2] for air, and started crying and yelling at him, asking him, quote, “Why did you lie to me?” We asked Bill Clinton to tell us about that moment, which you have already heard him describe as his worst personal day in the White House. [1] senator [; ] n. 参议员

[2]gulp [; ] v. 深呼吸;喘大气

Dan Rather: In your book, you write about how furious[1] Mrs. Clinton was when she found out the truth. How did you tell her?
  • Bill Clinton: I had a sleepless night, and woke her up and sat down on the side of the bed and just told her. And it was awful[2]. But I had to do it, because the grand jury testimony[3] was coming up and I was going to tell the truth to the grand jury[4], and I wanted her to know before it happened. I had to tell her. [1] furious [; ] adj. 狂怒的;狂暴的

[2]awful [; ] adj. 可怕的;糟糕的

[3]testimony [; ] n. 证词;证供

[4]grand jury 大陪审团

Dan Rather: And what did she say? What did she do?
  • Bill Clinton: Well, I don’t want to go into the details. She was angry and she was mad and she was mad about me not telling her before. I think almost as mad that I hadn’t told her about it, as to what I’d done.
  • Dan Rather: Well, in your book, you write about how furious she was, and I’m quoting you now, you said, “I woke her up in the White House early one morning. She looked at me as if I had punched her in the gut (内脏).”
  • Bill Clinton: That’s right.
Dan Rather: That pretty much the scene?
  • Bill Clinton: Yeah. Well, you know, we’d been together a long time, we’d been started going together in 1971. And we were each other’s best friends. We’d been through everything together. We knew just about everything there was to know about each other. And when you go through the kind of struggles we have, it almost becomes inexplicable[1] that anything would be so bad you wouldn’t tell it. [1] inexplicable [; ] adj. 无法说明的;费解的;莫名其妙的
Dan Rather: Also you told her that you were in the doghouse(遭人白眼).
  • Bill Clinton: Yeah, that’s putting it mildly. I was in the doghouse.
  • Dan Rather: Not only had Hillary Clinton believed the lie the president told the country.
  • Bill Clinton: I did not have sexual relations with that woman, Miss Lewinsky.

【注释】“doghouse”是“狗窝、犬舍”,可以想象某人“被置于狗窝中(in the doghouse)”乱糟糟的悲惨境地,因此“in the doghouse = in disgrace; out of favor”,有“丢脸的;失宠的;受冷落的”意思。

Dan Rather:Mrs. Clinton had gone out on a limb to defend her husband in public.(克林顿夫人只身一人公然唱反调,挺身而出当众为丈夫辩护。)
  • Hillary Clinton: The great story here for anybody willing to find it and write about it and explain it is this vast right-wing conspiracy[1] that has been conspiring[2] against my husband since the day he announced for president.

[1] conspiracy [; ] n. 阴谋;共谋

[2]conspire [; ] v. 密谋;共谋

Dan Rather: Before the ultimate[1] facts came out, Mrs. Clinton, then the first lady, went on television and she was a tigress defending[2] you, saying there was a right-wing conspiracy about this. You write about this in the book. You watched it on television. What were you thinking at that time? She was hung out[3] there for you.

[1] ultimate [; ] adj. 最终的;最后的

[2]defend [; ] v. 辩护;防护

[3]hang out 坚持;持续

Bill Clinton: I was thinking, first of all, I felt sick that she was having to defend me one more time. And I felt terrible. So I was worried, sick that Hillary was defending me. I also believe that she told the truth. Both things were true. I did a bad thing. I made a terrible moral error. That’s true. It’s also true that there was a vast right-wing operation. I told Hillary the only thing, that I kind of hated was that she used the word “conspiracy” (阴谋), because most of it was right out in the open.
Dan Rather: Two days after Bill Clinton told Hillary the truth, he gave his videotaped testimony to the Starr grand jury. The tape, which was released to the news media, showed the normally confident Clinton at his worst, humiliated[1] and embarrassed.
  • Bill Clinton: When I was alone with Miss Lewinsky on certain occasions in early 1996, and once in early 1997, I engaged in conduct that was wrong.
  • [1]humiliated [; ] adj. 蒙羞的;羞辱的
  • [2]torture [; ] v. 折磨;拷问
Dan Rather: His testimony was tortured[1]. And he used careful legalistic[2] language to avoid perjuring[3] himself.
  • Bill Clinton: It depends upon what the meaning of the word “is” is.
  • [1] torture [; ] v. 折磨;拷问
  • [2]legalistic [; ] adj. 尊重法律的
  • [3]perjure [; ] v. 使作伪证;使发假誓
Dan Rather: The former president writes in his book he was seething[1] at Starr’s efforts to turn the videotaped testimony into a, quote, “pornographic[2] home movie.” But he also knew that Starr’s videotape might cost him his presidency, and could be the final straw in his relationship with Hillary (4). She and Chelsea barely talked to him. And, he writes, he spent months sleeping on the couch. What you did say was, “I was afraid that I would lose not only my marriage, but my daughter’s love and respect as well,”unquote[3].

[1] seethe [; ] v. (内心中的)发怒;激动;骚动

[2]pornographic [; ] adj. 色情的;色情作品的

[3]unquote [; ] v. 引文结束;结束引语

Bill Clinton: I was worried about that. You know, my daughter is a remarkable[1] person. But she’s-you know, she has her own opinions. She has strong convictions[2]. And children also, you know, as I said in the book, “Sooner or later, every child learns that his or her parents are not perfect.” But this was way beyond that. And it was a big dose to swallow(5).

[1] remarkable [; ] adj. 杰出的;非同寻常的

[2]conviction [; ] n. 深信;确信

Dan Rather: In her book, Senator Clinton writes, quote, “He had betrayed the trust in our marriage. And we both knew it might be an irreparable[1]breach[2].” True?
  • Bill Clinton: Sure.
  • Dan Rather: How did you and Mrs. Clinton and Chelsea get through this?

[1] irreparable [; ] adj. 不能挽回的;不可弥补的

[2]breach [; ] n. 违背;破坏

Bill Clinton: The first thing we had to do is just get through the days, a few days. We had to let some time pass. And Hillary had to decide whether she wanted to stay married to me. And then, when she decided she was willing to try, that’s when we agreed that we would work together. We’d take a day a week, and we did, a whole day a week every week for a year, maybe a little more, and did counseling[1]. And we did it together, we did it individually, did family work. It was hard and interesting. And I would say to people who have invested a lot of time in a relationship that, before they give up on it, it’s worth trying.

[1] counseling [; ] n. 咨询;(心理等的)辅导

iv exercises on ps 6 7
IV. Exercises on Ps 6-7
  • Exercise: Listen to the interview and answer the following questions or complete the unfinished statement.

Listening skills:

  • Step 1: Look through all the multiple choices and have the anticipation (预测) of the possible key based on your cultural knowledge.
  • Step 2: Listen to it for the first time and catch the main idea by grasping the frequent words.
  • Step 3: Focus on “W” elements + “How” and make notes.
1. What did Mrs. Clinton talk about in the exclusive interview by ABC’s Barbara Walters?
  • A. Why she wrote her memoir Living History.
  • B. Why and when Mr. Clinton had an affair with the White House intern Monica Lewinsky.
  • C. The book Living History and how she came to learn the details surrounding the Monica Lewinsky scandal.
  • D. Her memoir the Living History and how she cross-examined Mr. Clinton on the Monica Lewinsky scandal.
2. According to Hillary Clinton, what were the most difficult decisions she had made in her life?

A. To marry Bill Clinton and to help him run for the Presidency.

B. To stay married to Bill Clinton and to run for the Senate from New York.

C. To forget the dark days of 1998 and to stay out of the 2004 presidential campaign.

D. To forgive Bill Clinton and to run for the 2008 Presidency.

3. When did Bill Clinton confess to Hillary Clinton that he did have an affair with the White House intern Monica Lewinsky?

A. Not until just two days before he was to testify under oath about the affair.

B. Not until just two weeks before he was to testify under oath about the affair.

C. Immediately after the media started making headlines of the affair.

D. Long before the media started making headlines of the affair.

4. How did Hillary Clinton respond upon hearing Bill Clinton’s confession of the affair?

A. She sat beside Bill Clinton and became furious.

B. She cried, cursed Monica Lewinsky, and slapped Bill Clinton in the face.

C. She went to sleep again and pretended to be calm.

D. She felt betrayed and became furious.

5. Deeply hurt by her husband disloyalty and dishonesty, Mrs Clinton .

A. continued her duties as the First Lady as usual.

B. decided to leave for New York and to run for the Senate there.

C. scolded her husband for the affair, sought divorce, and failed.

D. devoted all herself to writing the memoir.

v news link
V.【新闻链接】/【News Link】
  • Bill Clinton’s Memoir
  • 比尔•克林顿的回忆录
  • Dan Rather: Former president Bill Clinton’s memoir My Life is not due out (出版) until Tuesday, but the Associated Press (美联社) said it got a copy of it and reported today some of what the AP says is in it without directly quoting from the book. One of the more important sections of the book ___________ Al-Qaeda is the focus of the Associated Press report and it’s tonight’s “Inside Story”.

dealing with

Dan Rather: The Associated Press reports says that in one of the more compelling[1] passages of the book, Bill Clinton recounts[2] a meeting with then president-elect George W. Bush. The former president says he warned Mr. Bush that “_______________ to the nation’s security was Osama Bin Laden and Al-Qaeda.” According to Mr. Clinton, Mr. Bush said little in response and then _______________.

[1] compelling [; ] adj. 引人入胜的;令人信服的

[2]recount [; ] v. 详细叙述;描述;说明

the biggest threat

switched subjects

Bill Clinton: These are the books that I wrote the book in.
  • Dan Rather: The 950-plus page memoir, which President Clinton wrote himself in longhand[1] details the highs and lows[2] of his presidency[3]. He says he considered the day the Kosovo war ended as one of his best. He said quote, “I knew Milosevic’s days _____________ (米洛舍维奇的日子即将到头了。)”.

[1] longhand [; ] n. 普通书写(与速记、印刷或打印相对)

[2]highs and lows 沉浮;大起大落

[3]presidency [ ; ] n. 总统任期

were numbered



  • Dan Rather: Last week, the former president sat down with me for an interview _____ this Sunday on 60’ Minutes. It was the most expansive[1] and open interview ever done by a former president. In it, Mr. Clinton told me what was perhaps the darkest days of his presidency: _______ with intern[2] Monica Lewinski.

[1] expansive [; ] adj. 广泛的;全面的

[2]intern [; ] n. 实习生

the affair

Bill Clinton: I think I did something for the worst possible reason, uh, just because I could. I think that that’s the most, just about the most morally indefensible[1] reason that anybody ________ for doing something, when you do something just because you could. I’ve thought about it a lot.[1] indefensible [; ] adj. 无辩护余地的;不可原谅的

could have


went through

  • Dan Rather: In his book, he talks of the torment[1] his wife Hillary and daughter Chelsea __________ in the following days and months. The Associated Press reports when he finally confessed[2], Hillary looked as if he had just punched[3] her in the gut[4]. The president was, quote, “in the doghouse”(= in disgrace; out of favor, 丢脸的;失宠的;受冷落的). [1] torment [; ] n. 痛苦;折磨

[2]confess [; ] v. 坦白;承认

[3]punch [; ] v.(指用拳)猛击;攻击

[4]gut [; ] n.(口)肚子;腹部


stay married

  • He slept on the couch for months, while he says Hillary considered whether to __________ to him. Of the impeachment[1] itself, Mr. Clinton told me his fight against it was a, quote, “badge[2] of honor” and that he was proud it failed in its efforts to ______ him from office. Quote, “I didn’t quit, I never thought of resigning[3] and I stood up to it and beat it back.” He went on to call it “an abuse[4] of power” what he saw as the effort to remove him from the presidency.

[1] impeachment [; ] n. 弹劾;指摘

[2]badge [; ] n. 象征;徽章

[3]resign [; ] v. 辞职

[4]abuse [; ] n. 对某事物的滥用、妄用


part c who on earth wants to be president
Part C Who on Earth Wants to Be President?

I. Vocabulary Preparation:

  • poll /  / the process of finding out what people think about something by asking many people the same question, or the record of the result; to ask someone his or her opinion as part of a public opinion poll民意测验;调查

e.g. Carry out/conduct a ~

得票数 George W. Bush is ahead in the ~.

They gained 20% of the ~.

得票He ~ed (verb) 10,000 votes.

Democrat /  / a member or supporter of the Democratic Party of the US 美国民主党成员
  • idealize /  / to imagine or represent something or someone as being perfect or better than they really are 理想化

e.g. an ~d view of married life

  • smear /  / to stain or attempt to destroy the reputation of someone 弄脏;玷污

e.g. ~ mud/ one’s face with blood

~ one’s opponent / sb.’s good reputation

corruption /  / dishonest, illegal, or immoral behavior, especially from someone with power腐败;贪污

e.g. allegations of bribery and ~ / political ~ in elections

corrupt adj./v.

~ practices 徇私舞弊

~ officials accepting bribes 接受贿赂的贪官污吏

He was ~ed by power and ambition.


  • crook /  / a dishonest person or a criminal 骗子

crook v. ~ the accounts 篡改账目


scrutineer 监票人

scrutinize (verb) closely/thoroughly

  • scrutiny /  / careful and thorough examination of someone or something 监视;监督

e.g. be under one’s constant ~ 不断收到监察

undergo minute ~ 接受详细检查

bear close/strict ~ 经受严格检查

  • intense /   / very great, very strong, extreme 十分强烈的;极端的

e.g. ~ interest/pleasure/desire/anger

~ competition/activity/speculation

Bill Clinton is under ~ pressure to resign.

enthusiastic /  / showing a lot of interest and excitement about something 热情的;极感兴趣的

e.g. be ~ about/at/over sth.

enthusiasm n.

arouse/kindle ~

display/show/demonstrate/radiate ~

boundless/great/wild ~

  • presidency /  / the position of being the president of a country or the period of time during which someone is president 总统职位;总统任期

e.g. run for the ~ during Bush ~

concern /  / a feeling of worry about something important; anxiety 担心;忧虑

e.g. ~ about/for/over/with 对…的关心/忧虑

arouse/cause growing ~ 日益引起关注

express/voice public ~ 表现出普遍关注

considerable/deep/grave/serious ~ 深切的忧虑

  • civic /  / relating to a town or city; relating to the people who live in a town or city 城市的;市民的;公民的

e.g. ~ buildings / leaders / problems

~pride/virtues ~ duties/responsibilities

community /  / a group of people living in the same area and under the same government; society and the people in it 社区;共同体

e.g. an academic/ intelligence ~ 学术/情报界

a college/business/religious/scientific ~


  • survey /  / to investigate the behavior, opinions, etc. of (a group of people), usu. by questioning them 进行(民意等)调查

e.g. conduct/do/make a ~

a brief/comprehensive ~

ii notes2
II. Notes
  • Bob Woodruff an anchor of ABCNEWS’World News Tonight Saturday as well as one of its top correspondents, covering major stories throughout the world. Woodruff also contributes reports to World News Tonight with Peter Jennings, Nightline, and other ABC News broadcasts. 鲍勃·乌德拉夫
  • Judy Muller ABCNEWS correspondent reporting for World News Tonight with Peter Jennings,Nightline, 20/20 and other ABCNEWS broadcasts 朱迪•穆勒
President Nixon (1913-1994) vice president under Eisenhower and 37th President of the United States, resigned after the Watergate scandal in 1974 尼克松总统
  • BMW a brand of automobiles manufactured by the German company of Bayerische Motoren Werke 德国宝马汽车
  • Mercedes-Benz a brand of automobiles and trucks from the Daimlerchrysler company (formerly known as Daimler-Benz), commonly known as Mercedes 奔驰牌汽车
iii exercise
III. Exercise
  • Listen to the news report and decide whether the following statements are true or false.

1. Over half of the teenagers are found to show interest in the US presidency and say they would want the job.

2. A majority of the teenagers regard that they are not capable of the US presidency.

3. Politicians generally enjoyed a better public image in the past than they do today.

4. Educators worry that teenagers may not as likely to be keen on politics and civic affairs in general as their predecessors (前辈) have been.
  • 5. Still, there are almost the same percentage of parents surveyed saying they would want their child to grow up to be president as ten years ago.
  • Key:
part d first lady behind the president
Part D First Lady Behind the President

I. Vocabulary Preparation:

  • overlook /  / not to notice something or not see how important it is 忽略;忽视

e.g. ~ an important fact / the enormous risks

~ a serious offence / one’s fault

  • influential /  / having a lot of influence and therefore changing the way people think and behave 有影响力的;有说服力的

e.g. a highly ~ book / newspaper / figure

~ members of community

clout /  / the power or the authority to influence other people‘s decisions 权力;影响力

e.g. political/financial ~

His opinion carried/had a lot of ~ in parliament.

  • asset /  / something or someone that is useful because they help you succeed or deal with problems 资源;财富;优势

e.g. a valuable ~ to …

personal/real ~s


current/financial/frozen/tangible/intangible ~s


a statement of ~s and liabilities 资产负债表

woo /  / to try to persuade someone to do something such as buy something from you, vote for you, or work for you 争取;恳求;努力说服

e.g. ~ the voters before an election

~ sb. to one’s side

~ fame and fortune 追逐名利

  • swing /  / determining an outcome; decisive(在选举中)有决定性影响的

e.g. the ~ vote in the primary 左右初选结果的选票

  • low-key /  / not intended to attract a lot of attention to an event, subject, or thing 低调的;有节制的

e.g. a ~ editorial / negotiator 低调的社论/谈判者

signature /  / something that is closely related to an event, person, or style; a distinctive characteristic 识别标志;鲜明特征

e.g. put one’s ~ on

forge/scrawl one’s ~ 伪造/潦草签名

  • diverse /  / of different kinds; varied 不同的;多种多样的

e.g. a great many ~ ideas/opinions

a person of ~ interests

  • academic /  / relating to education, especially at college or university level 学术的

~ year, question, career, subjects, standards, qualifications

credibility /  / the quality of deserving to be believed and trusted 信用;信誉

e.g. gain/lack/lose ~ 获取/缺乏/失去信任

  • get hardened to something to become used to something shocking because you have seen it many times 对…变得不在乎

e.g. a ~ attitude/criminal 坚定不移的态度/惯犯

  • characterize /  / to describe the qualities of someone or something in a particular way; to portray 描绘;刻画;形容

e.g. ~ sb. as a coward

controversy /  / a serious argument about something that involves many people and continues for a long time 争论;论战;争吵

e.g. arouse/cause a bitter ~ over/about sth.

  • the National Guard a military force in each state of the US which can be used when it is needed by the state or the US government 国民警卫队
  • pull /  / to do or fulfill; to carry through 做;干;履行

e.g. ~ guard duty 担任警卫任务

~ robberies 犯下抢劫案

honorable discharge if you leave the army with an honorable discharge, your behaviour and work have been very good 光荣退伍

e.g. discharge from the hospital/army

  • harsh /  / extremely severe, cruel, or unkind 严厉的;无情的

e.g. ~ criticism/punishment/treatment/realities

恶劣的;艰苦的a ~ winter/wind/climate

刺眼/鼻的 ~ colors a ~ light/flavor

  • level the charge (at) to aim criticism or a charge at a particular person, country, etc., especially publicly 公开指责

e.g. They ~ed their looks at me.

AWOL Abbreviation for (esp. Of soldiers) Absent Without Leave; absent from somewhere without permission, especially from the army 擅离职守;开小差
  • allegation /  / a statement that someone has done something wrong or illegal, but that has not been proved 断言;指控

e.g. make/drop/withdraw/deny an ~ about…

a false/serious/unproved/vague ~ against…

  • make up to invent something, especially in order to deceive somebody 捏造;虚构;编造

e.g. make up a story / a plot / an excuse

ii notes3
II. Notes
  • Laura Welch Bush (born November, 1946) the wife of President Geroge W. Bush. She is the second First Lady (after Hillary Clinton) to hold a post graduate degree. Laura Bush has taken a decidedly less prominent role in policy-making than her predecessors. 劳拉•布什
  • Terry MoranABCNEWS White House correspondent since September 1999. He reports for Good Morning America, World News Tonight, and other ABCNEWS broadcasts. 特里•莫兰
iii exercise open ended discussion
III. Exercise: Open-ended Discussion
  • To what extent do you think Laura Bush has helped George Bush win the US presidency?
  • Some people say that Laura Bush is a hypocrite (伪君子). Do you agree or disagree? Why?

Note: PLS watch Laura and Bush’s interview and draw your own conclusion. We’re open to any opinions.

laura bush an valuable asset to george w bush
Laura Bush- an valuable asset to George W. Bush.
  • an elegant, beautiful and also smart woman who transformed the cowboy Bush into an influential president and has been building the image of George W. Bush.
  • an ideal first lady and perfect wife who establishes a positive image in the public and wins the public recognition by saying the right things and behaving in a proper way
  • a dedicated permanent Bush’s supporter who delivers speeches to seek votes for her husband, defends any opinions offered by Bush and raises a lot of money for Bush’s presidential campaign.
How would you comment on George Bush’s millitary record?

As I see it, it is not a big deal whether George W. Bush was AWOL or had honorable discharge. In the political race, anything can become the target of severe cricism from the opponents. As a veteran from Vietnam war, John Kerry could use Bush‘s seemingly dishonarable military record to go straight against Bush‘s credibility. All this is done for the sake of political interests.

Do you agree that “behind every successful man there’s a great woman?” And is there a great man behind every successful woman?

Yeah, I agree in some sense. We can take Hilary Clinton, esp. Laura Bush and Maria Shriver (Arnold’s glamorous wife) for example.

Apparently, Maria, the brilliant woman “standing by his man”, has worked magic in Arnold’s running. What we can say is that forget Arnold, it’s his wife who really made the total recall(公民投票的罢免)look easy.

5. How would you comment on the saying “women’s strength lies in their weaknesses?”

the first lady of california
The First Lady of California
  • Peter Jennings:… and more importantly, Maria Shriver may have won this election for her husband. At the very least, she was the crucial[1] difference time and again. Listen to her husband at the victory celebration last night.
  • Arnold Schwarzenegger: I want to thank her for the love and the strength she has given me. And I know how many votes I got today because of you. [1] crucial [] adj. 极其重要的;决定性的
Peter Jennings: From the very beginning of this campaign, with serious accusations about the candidate’s personal behavior merely bubbling , it was Maria who laid out[1] publicly the way she wanted him to be judged.
  • 彼德·杰宁斯: 自打竞选一开始, 对于竞选人个人品行的严厉谴责甚嚣尘上, 正是玛丽亚精心设计了公众对施瓦辛格评判的方式。
  • Maria Shriver: I think that it takes great courage, ah, to stand up and say “I apologize if I’ve offended anybody, I’ve tried to work respectfully with women, and if I have done anything, I apologize. That’s what we try to teach our children.[1] lay out: 安排,设计
Peter Jennings: Maria Shriver had all the assets[1] a Republican candidate could wish for in a Democratic state. Her mother was President Kennedy’s sister. Maria is a very prominent member of this Kennedy generation. She is a glamorous television personality in a political campaign which ran against the media.
  • Maria Shriver: You could listen to all the negativity[2]. You could listen to people who have never met Arnold, or met him for five seconds 30 years ago. Or, you could listen to me.
  • [1] asset [; ] n. 优点;长处;有利条件
  • [2] negativity [; ] n. 否定性;消极性
Peter Jennings: And she got on the bus in the final week when her husband was being accused of serial sexual harassment[1] and vouched[2] for him to crowd after crowd. Time and again, Maria Shriver was the one who encouraged the crowd to think of something else. She never addressed the specifics of the allegations, or the admissions. And who knows a sound bite better than someone who listens to them in her profession?
  • Maria Shirver:… so there is no doubt in my mind that Arnold is a supporter of working people. He has worked his whole life. He’s …

[1] harassment /;  / n.骚扰,烦扰

[2] vouch [] v. 担保;保证

Peter Jennings: Candidates wives are always a big deal, but here’s a wife with more glamour[1] than most in a race where his and her glamour made political rallies[2] seem like movie premiers. And when the going got really rough for him, it was Maria who gave the notion of “stand by your man” a whole new meaning.
  • Oprah Winfrey: Well, you know she’s a Kennedy woman – and they always look the other way

[1] glamour [] n.魔力,魅力

[2] rally [; ] n. 群众集会,大会;对打,回合

Maria Shriver: Well, you know, that ticks me off(2). I … I am my own woman. I have not been, quote, “bred” to look the other way. I look at that man back there in the Green Room straight on, eyes wide open. And I look at him with an open heart, and I accept him with all his strengths and all his weaknesses, as he does me.
  • Peter Jennings: It was the only major interview she would give in the whole campaign. There was no further access for reporters who might ask difficult questions. Before her husband got into this race, Maria Shriver was opposed to his running. Today, a woman whose identity has been that of Kennedy, journalist, mother and wife, has turned out to be an effective politician.
part e if i were bush s speechwriter
Part E If I Were Bush’s Speechwriter…

I. Vocabulary Preparation:

  • speechwriter /  / someone whose job is to write speeches for other people 演讲稿撰写人
  • unlikely /  / not likely or expected to happen 不大可能的;未必会发生的

e.g. ~ to do sth. / that …

  • excerpt /  / a short piece taken from a book, poem, piece of music, etc. 摘录;节录;引用quote an ~ from…
shatter /  / to break suddenly into very small pieces, or to make something break in this way 粉碎;打碎

e.g. ~ a mirror into pieces

~ a rock completely

~ one’s plan/health/faith

  • coalition /  / an alliance, especially a temporary one, of people, parties, nations, etc. 联盟;联合

e.g. a ~ government ~ forces

entrenched /  / strongly established and not likely to change, often used to show disapproval 确立的;不容易改的

e.g. deeply ~ attitudes/interests/opposition

  • unwinnable /  / not likely or expected to win 不能取胜的;赢不了的

e.g. an ~ contest/war/fortress

  • guerrilla /  / a member of a small unofficial military group that fights in small groups 游击队员

e.g. ~ war / warfare 游击战

ii notes4
II. Notes
  • CBS Columbia Broadcasting System, a major radio and television network in the United States哥伦比亚广播公司
  • 60 Minutes an American magazine-format television news program produced by CBS News. The program, which since 1968 has aired at 7 P.M. on Sundays, has often been a leader in the ratings, both because of its provocative content and because it occupies the time slot immediately following CBS broadcasts of NFL football. The American 60 Minutes has always stood out from the rest with its unique style, awards, and ability to generate news and controversy. The program, together with its contributors, has won untold Emmy and other prestigious awards over all the years it has aired. 60分钟杂志
Steve Kroft (1945-) a CBS News correspondent since 1980 and a co-editor of 60 Minutes since 1989 斯蒂夫•克劳夫特
  • Andrew Rooney (1919-) an American journalist and commentator. He is seen on the weekly news program 60 Minutes. Though originally a regular correspondent, Rooney now has his own “end of show” segment, in which he offers a light-hearted editorial on a trivial everyday issue, such as the cost of groceries, annoying relatives, or faulty Christmas presents. 安迪•鲁尼
  • Iraq /  / a country in southwest Asia, between Iran and Saudi Arabia. It is an oil-producing country. 伊拉克
Osama bin Laden (1957-) the leader and head of al Qaida, widely regarded as the most extensive terrorist organization in the world. He is a member of the immensely rich bin Laden family with intimate connections in the innermost circles of the Saudi royal family. The US government has named Osama bin Laden as the prime suspect in the September 11 attacks, which killed 2,992 people. 奥萨玛•本•拉登
  • al Qaeda an Islamist terrorist organization that is involved in terrorist plots around the world. The terrorist group gained notoriety after the attacks on the World Trade Center in New York City on September 11, 2001. It is led by Osama bin Laden and Ayman al-Zawahiri. 阿尔盖达“基地”组织
supplementary commentaries
Supplementary Commentaries
  • Clarification for His Speechwriting

(Andy Rooney Seems to Voice His Own Standpoint)

  • Saddam's Capture: Extra, Extra!

(Andy Rooney Makes Comments on Saddam’s Capture)

  • Presidential Trips Abroad

(Andy Rooney Looks Back At Past Presidential Visits)

Saddam's Capture: Extra, Extra!
  • When I was a little boy in Albany, N.Y., I delivered newspapers. Whenever there was a big story, like the day Charles Lindbergh's baby was kidnapped, the newspapers rushed into print with an extra edition to tell everyone about it.
  • There was no television then.
  • Newspaper boys went out in the street with bundles of papers, yelling, "Extra, extra, extra!" I felt sorry for newspaper editors this morning. The papers were on the street before they knew Saddam Hussein had been captured.
Not a word about it in the paper.
  • Like most Americans, I first heard the news when I turned on the radio this morning. I went to my television set and sure enough, there was Dan Rather, a fireman in the television news business, yelling "Extra, extra, extra!"
  • I had a hundred thoughts about Saddam Hussein while I was eating breakfast.
  • What was his mother like?
  • I hope we don't kill him.
  • I hope we don't let him kill himself.
He's a great source of information and such an egotistical bastard that he'll enjoy telling us everything.
  • If you made a list of the 10 most evil men of all time - there has never been a woman so evil - Saddam Hussein would be on the list.
  • My history isn't good enough to name all the old ones like Genghis Khan, Nero, Caligula, Attila the Hun, but we all know the modern bad guys: Stalin, Hitler, Mussolini, Franco, Gadhafi, Khomeini, Marcos.
  • We congratulate ourselves all the time on our democracy here in America and for not having had a dictator. I don't know whether we've been lucky or smart. It could happen.
The people who follow an evil leader don't have to be evil themselves. They can be dumb, uninformed, disinterested in the world, or just too absorbed with their personal problems to care about their government. It's been amazing, really, that this great democracy of ours has lasted so long.
  • A dictator (独裁者) doesn't usually just come in and take over. He moves in little by little. That's why every country, even so free and democratic a one as ours, with a nice guy as president, has to watch out.
It's why some Americans - me for example - are nervous about something like the recently enacted Patriot Act. We're even nervous about saying we're nervous, for fear of sounding un-American.
  • Anyway, we've all been looking for the perfect Christmas present, and now we've got it: The capture of Saddam Hussein. It's the best gift we could possibly get, and we thank the men who gave it to us.
Presidential Trips Abroad
  • Our president, whoever it is at the time, likes getting away from it once in a while and taking a trip for some reason other than raising money for his next campaign.
  • When President Bush snuck out of Texas and flew to Baghdad for Thanksgiving dinner with American soldiers, it was one of the best trips any president ever took.
  • Even people who don't like him liked that.
  • “I think it was terrific,” said Democratic candidate John Kerry.
One of the most likeable things about President Bush is that he obviously enjoys being president. He was really happy to be in Baghdad with soldiers. I mean, was this man having a good time or what?
  • Teddy Roosevelt was the first president to go someplace. He went to Panama in 1906 when they started digging the Canal. Herbert Hoover made several trips to South America during the Great Depression.
  • Calvin Coolidge went to Havana in 1928. Couldn't do that now.
  • Woodrow Wilson went to Paris at the end of World War I. No Air Force One in those days. He had to go by boat, so he was away for weeks.
President Roosevelt met with Churchill and Stalin at Yalta in 1945. Wherever Yalta is.
  • A lot of our presidents have gone to Brussels. Truman, Nixon, Ford, Carter, Reagan and senior Bush all went to Brussels. A president who goes to Brussels ought to bring a sandwich. I once paid $300 for dinner in a restaurant in Brussels.
  • Nixon met with Mao Tse-tung in China.
  • Most of our presidents have gone to Mexico and Canada. Canada doesn't really count though, because we don't think of it as a foreign country.
  • John F. Kennedy went to Ireland.
Both Bushs and Bill Clinton had an audience with the pope in Rome. If the pope came to Washington, would we say, "The pope had an audience with the president"?
  • President Bush wasn't the first president to visit troops at war. Lyndon Johnson went to South Vietnam. And President Bush's father visited the troops on Thanksgiving in Saudi Arabia. Maybe that's where his kid got the idea.
  • In 1997, President Clinton went to Bosnia and said what President Bush might have said in Iraq: “Now, what is the most important thing the United States can do? Stay for a while longer.”
As a matter of fact, Bush did say that in Iraq: “We will stay until the job is done.”
  • There are three times as many people on earth today as when Teddy Roosevelt went to Panama - three times as many people who don’t like Americans.
  • If President Bush could find a way to charm the people around the world who hate us, the way he charmed those soldiers in Iraq, he should become a frequent flier.
iii projects choose a project
III. Projects: Choose a project

1. Find more information about Hillary Clinton and Laura Bush. Write a comparison of the two First Ladies.

2. Prepare an in-depth report on the US presidential election and make a presentation in class.

  • 3. How much do you know about China’s village elections? Make a case study and prepare a report on your findings and reflections?