Human Origins Day! • Answer the following questions in the Warm-up sections of your binder: • 1) What information can we gather by studying human origins? • 2) Do we benefit from this information? Why or why not?
Class Agenda • Essential Questions • Human Origins Notes • Human Origins Activity • Geography Project
Essential Questions • What is an archaeologist? • What is carbon dating? • How can we describe Homo erectus? • How can we describe Homo sapiens? • What is Stonehenge?
Human Origins in Africa Where do we come from?
Scientists Search for Origins • Archaeologists - scientists who learn about early people by excavating and studying the traces of early settlements
Scientists Search for Origins • Evidence • bones • artifacts • tools, jewelry, and other human-made objects
Scientists Search for Origins • Lucy - the oldest human, who was found in Ethiopia • Carbon Dating - the process of measuring radioactivity to determine the age of objects
Scientists Search for Origins • Stonehenge is an example of an archaeological site in England
Progress in Paleolithic Age • Homo Habilis - person with ability • Lived 2.5-1.5 million years ago • Appeared in East Africa • Known as the first toolmaker • Made first simple stone tools • hunted and gathered food
Progress in Paleolithic Age • Homo Erectus – person who walks upright • 1.8 million to 30,000 years ago • Hunters and gatherers • First to walk upright and use fire • Developed more advanced tools • The first hominids to move from Africa • They moved to India, China, and Europe
Dawn of Modern Humans • Neanderthals – first Homo sapiens • Hunters and gatherers • Sophisticated tools • Built temporary shelters • Planned burials of dead • Cared for disabled members
Dawn of Modern Humans • Cro-Magnons – modern humans • Hunters and gatherers • Long-distance weapons like spear-throwers and the bow and arrow • Planned cooperative big-game hunts • Advanced skill in spoken language • Cave paintings