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ORIGINS & SOURCES OF THE U.S. CONSTITUTION: WHAT MAKES UP THE RECIPE? PowerPoint Presentation
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ORIGINS & SOURCES OF THE U.S. CONSTITUTION: WHAT MAKES UP THE RECIPE?

ORIGINS & SOURCES OF THE U.S. CONSTITUTION: WHAT MAKES UP THE RECIPE?

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ORIGINS & SOURCES OF THE U.S. CONSTITUTION: WHAT MAKES UP THE RECIPE?

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  1. ORIGINS & SOURCES OF THE U.S. CONSTITUTION: WHAT MAKES UP THE RECIPE?

  2. FEDERAL CONSTITUTION THE FOUNDING FATHERS WHAT WERE THE MAIN INGREDIENTS?

  3. FEDERAL CONSTITUTION #1 THE FOUNDING FATHERS PHILISOPHICAL & INTELLECTUAL ORIGINS

  4. ANCIENT GREECE & ATHENIAN DEMOCRACY

  5. CITIZEN PARTICIPATION

  6. CONCEPT OF POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY

  7. "MAN IS BY NATURE A POLITICAL ANIMAL" ARISTOTLE

  8. ANCIENT ROME

  9. REPUBLICAN FORM OF GOVERNMENT

  10. CITIZENS ELECT REPRESENTATIVES

  11. ROMAN SENATE

  12. POLITICAL AUTHORITY IS SHARED

  13. DEDICATED TO PROMOTING THE PUBLIC GOOD

  14. ARCHITECTURE IN D.C. IS MODELED AFTER ROMANS

  15. ENGLISH CONSTITUTIONALISM

  16. BRITISH CONSTITUTION CONSISTS OF COMMON LAW, ACTS OF PARLIAMENT, & POLITICAL TRADITION AND CUSTOMS

  17. MAGNA CARTA (1215)

  18. KING JOHN AGREED TO...

  19. LIMITED GOVT. CONSENT OF GOVERNED NATURAL RIGHTS

  20. IN 1628, CHARLES I SIGNS THE PETITION OF RIGHT

  21. no taxes may be levied without consent of Parliament • no subject may be imprisoned without cause shown (habeas corpus) • no soldiers may be quartered upon the citizenry • martial law may not be used in time of peace

  22. WILLIAM & MARY SIGN THE ENGLISH BILL OF RIGHTS (1689)

  23. Englishmen possessed certain rights • freedom from royal interference with the law • freedom from taxation by royal prerogative, without agreement by Parliament

  24. freedom to petition the king • freedom to bear arms for self-defense • freedom to elect members of Parliament

  25. the freedom of speech in Parliament • freedom from cruel and unusual punishments • freedom from fines and forfeitures without trial

  26. POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY

  27. LOTS OF INFLUENCES- TWO MAJOR INFLUENCES WERE...

  28. (1632-1704) JOHN LOCKE

  29. NATURAL RIGHTS PURPOSE OF GOVERNMENT SOCIAL CONTRACT

  30. PURPOSE OF GOVERNMENT IS PROTECTION OF PROPERTY RIGHTS

  31. "GOVT. SHALL NOT DEPRIVE A PERSON OF LIFE LIBERTY OR PROPERTY WITHOUT DUE PROCESS OF LAW"

  32. PEOPLE FORM A SOCIAL CONTRACT WITH GOVERNMENT

  33. MONTESQUIEU (1689-1755)

  34. SEPARATION OF POWERS FEDERAL REPUBLIC

  35. FEDERAL CONSTITUTION #2 THE FOUNDING FATHERS THE UNIQUE AMERICAN POLITICAL CULTURE

  36. LAND- THE GREAT EQUALIZER HELPED TO CREATE...

  37. "EQUALITY OF OPPORTUNITY"

  38. IMPORTANCE OF PROPERTY

  39. INDIVIDUALISM

  40. DISTANCE FROM ENGLAND BROUGHT ABOUT...

  41. SELF-GOVERNMENT

  42. SPIRIT OF INDEPENDENCE

  43. DIVERSE CULTURES CREATED A BELIEF IN TOLERANCE

  44. FREEDOM OF RELIGION

  45. FREEDOM OF SPEECH

  46. FEDERAL CONSTITUTION #3 THE FOUNDING FATHERS THE COLONIAL EXPERIENCE