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Warm Up. Imagine you woke up today and everyone above the age of 20 had disappeared. Name two things that you think might happen with the young people still remaining. Agenda Make Up Work/Tests Notes/PowerPoint WebQuest/ BookQuest Exit Quiz. Medieval Europe. “The Dark Ages”.

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Warm up
Warm Up

  • Imagine you woke up today and everyone above the age of 20 had disappeared. Name two things that you think might happen with the young people still remaining.

  • Agenda

  • Make Up Work/Tests

  • Notes/PowerPoint

  • WebQuest/BookQuest

  • Exit Quiz

Medieval europe

Medieval Europe

“The Dark Ages”

Medieval europe1
Medieval Europe

  • Dark Ages Intro

  • What were some problems Europe faced during the Dark Ages?

  • What event brought on the Dark Ages?

  • What would eventually lead Europe out of the Dark Ages?

I fall of the roman empire
I. Fall of the Roman Empire

  • A. The Byzantine Empire

  • 1. The Byzantine Empire is the new name for the Eastern Roman Empire

  • 2. The center of the Byzantine Empire is the city Constantinople

  • Remember Constantine?

I fall of the roman empire1
I. Fall of the Roman Empire

  • B. Justinian - Emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) who nearly recaptured much of the land the Roman Empire once controlled

  • 1. Created a set of laws which the legal system of Europe was based off of.

  • a. Known as the Justinian Code

I fall of the roman empire3
I. Fall of the Roman Empire

  • Why did the Roman Empire fall?

  • What do you think happened to all of the areas the Roman Empire controlled after its fall?

  • C . While the Roman Empire collapsed, the Christian church still remained and played a powerful role in Europe.

I fall of the roman empire4
I. Fall of the Roman Empire

  • This is a picture of Charlemagne. Based on the picture, what can you tell me about him?

Charlemagne film
Charlemagne Film

  • Charlemagne

  • Who asked Charlemagne for help in the beginning?

  • What were some of the accomplishments of Charlemagne?

  • How did life during the Carolingian Empire differ from life in the Dark Ages (from the first video)

  • What do you think happened after Charlemagne died?

Charlemagne film1
Charlemagne Film

  • Charlemagne (shorter)

  • Who asked Charlemagne for assistance against the Lombards?

  • Why was Charlemagne able to defeat the Lombards?

  • How do you think the Church might reward Charlemagne for his help?

I fall of the roman empire5
I. Fall of the Roman Empire

  • D. Europe was split into many different nation - states which were ruled over by kings

  • E. One such king was Charlemagne

  • 1. Charlemagne – Brought Roman, German, and Christian ideas together in his large kingdom which ruled over much of Europe

  • F. Once Charlemagne died, Europe was attacked by many different groups of people

I fall of the roman empire7
I. Fall of the Roman Empire

  • F. One group of attackers were called Vikings

  • 1. Vikings conquered lands in Britain and France

  • 2. Vikings were made into part of European civilization once local governments helped to convert them to Christianity.

Warm up1
Warm Up

  • All people above the age of 20 are gone. There are many gangs who go around robbing and killing people. Since you can’t get any guns yourself, would you be willing to provide a service (job) for a gang that does have guns so they can protect you? Why or why not?

  • Agenda

  • Notes/PowerPoint

  • FinishWebQuest/BookQuest

  • Feudalism Activity

  • Exit Quiz

Feudalism film honors
Feudalism Film - Honors

  • Monty Python Peasant Clip

  • Why did the peasant not respect the king?

  • What did the king do in response?

  • What did the king say legitimized his rule? (In other words, why did the king say he was king?)

  • Where are we seeing this kind of friction between ruler and people today?

Ii feudalism
II. Feudalism

  • What was the name of one group of people that launched attacks on Europe after the fall of the Roman Empire?

  • A. In order to seek protection from these attacks, most of Europe adopted a system called Feudalism

  • B. Feudalism: System where those with money offered those with little money protection for their services

Feudalism film
Feudalism Film

  • System of Feudalism

  • Who was at the top of the Feudal system?

  • What did the lords get from the king?

  • What did the lords give the knights?

  • What did the knights have to do in return for land?

  • Who did the knights give land to?

  • What did the serfs/peasants have to do in return for the knights?

Ii feudalism2
II. Feudalism

  • C. Ranks in Feudalism

  • 1. King

  • 2. Lord - Ran an estate (piece of land) called a manor (or fief)

  • 3. Vassalage– knights swore loyalty to a lord, who in turn took care of their needs (heart of feudalism)

  • 4. Knights

  • a. Practiced a code of honor, called chivalry

  • 5. Peasants/Surfs

    • a. These people were legally bound to the manor, which means they were forced to work there

Serf video
Serf Video

  • Life of a serf

  • What were the serfs responsibilities?

  • Why were serfs bound to the land?

  • Why do you think serfs were not allowed to be educated?

Warm up2
Warm Up

  • The leader of your gang is abusing their power. Since you don’t want to kill them, a large group of you get together and agree to make them sign an agreement. What are two things you think you should include in the agreement?

  • Agenda

  • Notes/PowerPoint

  • Magna Carta Activity

  • Exit Quiz

Ii feudalism5
II. Feudalism

  • Magna Carta Video

  • What are some similarities between Medieval government and our government today?

  • What are some differences between Medieval government and our government today?

  • Who was the king of England who signed the Magna Carta?

  • Why wasn’t he considered a good king?

  • Why did he sign the Magna Carta if it limited his power?

  • Did the people take a risk in making the king sign the Magna Carta?

Ii feudalism6
II. Feudalism

  • D. Magna Carta (1215 AD)

  • 1. Many people living under Feudalism began to dislike the fact that the king has so much power

  • 2. Some nobles made one king sign a charter (agreement) recognizing the relation between the king and his people.

  • 3. This document was one of the first to give people individual rights

  • Can you think of another document like it?

Iii growth of european kingdoms
III. Growth of European Kingdoms

  • A. Norman Conquest

  • 1. William of Normandy – invaded and defeated England and was crowned king at the Battle of Hastings

  • 2. The Normans spoke French, but after their culture mixed with the Anglo – Saxons (who spoke their own language), a new language was created, English

  • B. Soon after the Magna Cartawas signed, English Parliament was created

  • 1. Parliament – group of representatives that created laws and discussed problems with the king


  • 1. Finish WebQuest, Feudalism and Map Worksheets

  • 2. Grab a Magna Carta worksheet from the cart

    • You do not need the book or internet, just your notes and your brain


  • 1. Finish WebQuest and Feudalism Worksheet

  • 2. Grab a Magna Carta worksheet from the cart

    • You do not need the book or internet, just your notes and your brain

Warm up3
Warm Up

  • The world is going through a tough time since all of the adults disappeared. Because of this, many people turn to God to make them feel better. Since you want to gain power, name one way you could take advantage of this situation.

  • Agenda

  • Notes/PowerPoint

  • Worksheets

  • Debate

  • Exit Quiz

Iv medieval christianity
IV. Medieval Christianity

  • A. Papal Monarchy (like a theocracy)

  • 1. Some territories in central Italy were under the control of the church and known as papal states.

  • 2. Because of this, the pope (the leader of the Catholic church) became a powerful political figure

Pope Benedict XVI

Iv medieval christianity1
IV. Medieval Christianity

  • 3. Since the church was gaining power, nobles began to make their vassals high ranking members of the church.

  • 4. This practice was known as lay investiture and it angered Pope Gregory VII

Catholic Priest Vest

Iv medieval christianity2
IV. Medieval Christianity

  • B. Pope Gregory VII

  • 1. Believed he was God’s representative on earth so his rule was higher than even kings.

  • C. Henry IV, king of Germany, did not agree with Pope Gregory VII

  • 1. Henry IV wanted to keep the practice of lay investiture so that he could keep the power over his lords.

  • 2. In return, Pope Gregory VII excommunicates (bans from the church) Henry IV.

Iv medieval christianity3
IV. Medieval Christianity

  • 3. In fear for his eternal life, Henry IV walked barefoot in the snow to Pope Gregory VII and pleaded for mercy.

  • 4. Pope Gregory VII absolved (forgave) Henry IV and allowed him back into the church

  • 5. This struggle was known as the Investiture Controversy

Iv medieval christianity4
IV. Medieval Christianity

  • 1075: Pope Gregory Bans Investiture, but Henry IV invests a new bishop anyways

  • 1076: Pope Gregory removes Henry IV as king

  • 1077: Henry repents and is forgiven by Pope Gregory. Because of this German lords declare Henry IV dethroned and choose a new king (Rudolf). This sparks a civil war

Iv medieval christianity5
IV. Medieval Christianity

  • 1080: Pope Gregory does not support Henry IV. So, Henry names a new Pope (Clement III)

  • 1081: Henry wins the civil war

  • 1084: Henry conquers Rome. Pope Gregory flees the city

  • 1105: Henry is forced to give more power to the new pope he named (Clement III), which weakened his power.

Warm up4
Warm Up

  • Because there aren’t any doctors, hospitals, etc. a terrible disease spreads through your region. 1 in 3 people die. Name two effects this plague might have on society, culture, politics, and/or economics.

  • Agenda

  • Notes/PowerPoint

  • Worksheet packet

Bubonic plague
Bubonic Plague

  • Black Death

  • Where did the Bubonic Plague begin?

  • What mammal spread the disease?

  • How did it do so?

  • Why do you think the Bubonic Plague called the “Black Death”?

  • What was the percentage of people killed in the city of Florence?

  • What (or whom) was believed to have caused the Bubonic Plague?

Warm up

  • Skip to Roman number VI (The Bubonic Plague)

Vi the bubonic plague
VI. The Bubonic Plague

  • A. Known as the Black Death

  • B. The plague was a very contagious disease spread by rats

  • C. About 1 in every 3 people were killed from this plague

Vi the bubonic plague1
VI. The Bubonic Plague

  • D. Economic Consequences

  • 1. A shortage of workers caused a rise in the price of manufactured (man made) goods

  • 2. Since so many people died, less food was needed. This lowered the price for food, which made farmers lose money.

Vi the bubonic plague2
VI. The Bubonic Plague

  • 3. Many peasants asked their lords to pay rent instead of owing services. This helped to end feudalism

Bubonic plague1
Bubonic Plague

  • Bubonic Plague Song

  • How did the Bubonic Plague come to Europe?

  • How was the plague spread?

  • What were some of the effects of the Plague?

  • How did the Church respond to the Plague?

Iv medieval christianity6
IV. Medieval Christianity

  • D. The Inquisition

  • 1. Church leaders wanted to defend the teachings of the Church from heresy (denial of basic church doctrines (beliefs))

Inquisition video
Inquisition Video

  • Inquisition Torture Video

  • Why did the Church begin the Inquisition?

  • What kinds of people were sought out?

  • What kinds of things were done to these people?

  • What did the Church hope to gain from the tortures?

Iv medieval christianity7
IV. Medieval Christianity

  • 2. The Church created the Inquisition (holy office) to deal with those who spoke out against the church.


  • a. Inquisition - Court that developed a regular procedure to find and try heretics

  • 3. Heretics were forced to repent (apologize and ask forgiveness) or face torture or death.


  • Finish any work from the week (see board)

  • Turn in work from yesterday if you haven’t already

  • If you are done with EVERYTHING, grab a packet from the cart and complete that

  • If you finish early, make sure your notebook is in order as we will be having a notebook check early next week (this is a TEST grade!)

  • Illustrated timeline – Use the book or internet (look at my useful links) to find the dates. Make sure you read all of the directions!!

Warm up5
Warm Up

  • Since the adults disappeared, your city is dirty, poor, full of crime, and its people are dying from a plague. Tell me:

    • Why things are like they are, or

    • What can be done to make things better

  • Agenda

  • Short Notes/PowerPoint

  • Vernacular Activity

  • Make up work!

Vernacular literature
Vernacular Literature

  • Steve Harvey - Ebonics

  • Is the way that you talk and the words you use with your friends and at home different than what you see written in books you read at school?

  • Do you think this makes it harder to read and understand the textbooks?

  • Who do you think should change, and why?

Vernacular film
Vernacular Film

  • Vernacular

  • The Renaissance was a rebirth of Greek and Roman ideas that eventually pulled Europe out of the Dark Ages

  • What reasons did the narrator give for the start of the Renaissance?

  • Why do you think these factors helped Europe to escape the Dark Ages?

Iv medieval christianity8
IV. Medieval Christianity

  • E. Vernacular Literature

  • 1. Most literature during the medieval ages was written in Latin

  • 2. Starting in the 1300s, the Bible and other works of literature began to be published in multiple languages such as German, French, and English

  • 3. This was called vernacular literature, or the language of every day speech.

  • 4. This allowed common people who didn’t speak Latin to start to interpret the Bible and the world for themselves, instead of being told what to believe

Vernacular literature1
Vernacular Literature

  • Ebonics and education

  • What do you think about this teacher’s message?

  • How do you feel when teachers correct your language?

  • Do you think people sound less intelligent when using Ebonics?

  • What is the difference between people living in the Dark Ages who couldn’t understand Latin and students today trying to get an education?


  • 1. Finish your missing work

  • 2. Finish Black Death packet (on cart)

  • 3. Vernacular Literature assignment:

    • Write at least 12 sentences summarizing what we’ve learned about the Medieval Ages so far

    • Write (or type) these in your own vernacular, or every day speech

    • (Cheesy) example: Alex da Great went hard, and trucked the Persians

  • 4. Get your notebook ready for the notebook test next week.


Warm up6
Warm Up

  • Your city is poor, full of disease, and led by corrupt leaders. You know of another far away city that is very prosperous. How can you get what they have?

  • Agenda

  • Notes/PowerPoint

  • Classwork

  • Exit Quiz

The crusades
The Crusades

  • The Crusades

  • Why did the Crusades begin?

  • What was the goal of the Crusades?

  • What was gained from the Crusades?

  • How did the Crusades help Europe emerge from the Dark Ages?

Crusades song
Crusades Song

  • The Crusades

  • What was the goal of the Crusades?

  • Where kinds of things happened to the Crusades?

  • Did the Christians ever take Jerusalem from the Muslims?

  • According to Christian standards of today, did it seem like the Crusaders acted in God’s favor? Why or why not?

  • What were some results of the Crusades?

V the crusades
V. The Crusades

  • A. Crusades – a war by Christians to regain the Holy Land from Muslims

  • B. Christians captured Jerusalem (a holy city to Muslims, Christians, and Jews) in 1099

Crusades map
Crusades Map

  • Map of the Crusades

  • Which city did most of the Crusades travel to? Why do you think they went there?

  • Which area did most of the paths of the Crusades pass through? Do you think that had a negative or positive effect on that area?

V the crusades1
V. The Crusades

  • C. Muslims recaptured Jerusalem in 1187 but allowed Christians to peacefully visit the city

  • D. The Crusades helped to break down Feudalism. Kings began to gain power as nobles sold their land to join the Crusades.

  • E. This led to the start of new nation states such as Portugal, Spain, England and France.


  • 1. Finish any work that you still owe

  • 2.


Warm up7
Warm Up

  • Many different groups from other cities are peacefully passing through yours on their way to and from the rich city. What are some advantages your city might attain (get)?

  • Agenda

  • Notes/PowerPoint

  • Classwork

  • Exit Quiz

Renaissance song
Renaissance Song

  • Renaissance Man

  • What were some of Leonardo da Vinci’s accomplishments?

  • What did Dante write about?

  • What were some other accomplishments of the Renaissance?

  • Why do you think this might have brought Europe out of the Dark Ages

Vii the renaissance
VII. The Renaissance

  • Renaissance means “rebirth”

  • What was the renaissance a rebirth from?

  • A. The Renaissance was a rebirth of Roman and Greek values.

  • 1. Secular – “worldly” (not dealing with the church)

  • 2. Humanism – the study of classical works of art and literature

Vii the renaissance1
VII. The Renaissance

  • What kind of values came from Rome and Greece?

  • B. This rebirth of ideas led to advancements in science and technology

Leonardo da vinci
Leonardo da Vinci

  • Who is someone that is in inspiration to you (or others)

  • Why do you think having people to look up to are important for society?

Vii the renaissance2
VII. The Renaissance

  • C. Important figures of the Renaissance

  • 1. Leonardo da Vinci – painter, sculptor, architect, inventor and mathematician

  • a. Da Vinci showed that a single person could achieve much in their life and was an inspiration to others.

  • da Vinci Glider

Leonardo da vinci1
Leonardo da Vinci

Leonardo da vinci2
Leonardo da Vinci

Michelangelo - http://www.vatican.va/various/cappelle/sistina_vr/index.html

Vii the renaissance3
VII. The Renaissance

  • Christine de Pizan

  • Female author during Renaissance

  • Wrote books defending women

  • Stated that women could achieve as much as men if given equal education

  • What risks did she take by writing these kinds of things?

Vii the renaissance4
VII. The Renaissance

  • 2. Niccolo Machiavelli – wrote a book on how to achieve and keep political power called The Prince

  • 3. Dante – Wrote the Divine Comedy

  • a. The Divine Comedyis about a person’s journey to salvation and includes the sections Hell, Purgatory, and Heaven

The renaissance
The Renaissance

  • How did the Renaissance change Europe?

  • What are some accomplishments of the Renaissance?

  • Name a cultural aspect of the Renaissance

  • Name a political aspect of the Renaissance

  • Name an economic aspect of the Renaissance

  • Name a social aspect of the Renaissance

  • Why do you think the Renaissance was a turning point in Europe?


  • 1. Finish any unfinished classwork

    • Check your unfinished work slip

    • Black Death packet and Crusades worksheet from yesterday

  • 2.

  • 3. Make sure your notebook is perfect for the notebook test next week.

Warm up8
Warm Up

  • Tell me any two facts from the Renaissance (look in notes!)

  • Agenda

  • Finish unfinished classwork

  • Medieval Project

Warm up honors
Warm Up - Honors

  • Tell me any three facts from the Renaissance (look in notes!)

  • Agenda

  • Finish unfinished classwork

  • Medieval Project

Medieval project
Medieval Project

  • Task: You will be preparing a lesson about the Medieval Ages in a group of 2. You can pick from the following topics:

  • Feudalism

  • Magna Carta

  • Byzantine Empire/Justinian

  • Investiture Controversy

  • William the Conqueror/Normans

  • Crusades

  • The Hundred Years’ War

  • Black Death

  • Inquisition

  • Serfs/Peasant Life

  • Renaissance

  • Charlemagne/Frankish Empire

Medieval project1
Medieval Project

  • Requirements: Your lesson must include the following (see the Lesson Ideas sheet or come up with your own):

  • Introduction

    • Do something to grab class’s attention and to introduce the topic. Should make it related to students’ lives.

  • Instruction

    • This is where you teach the class the objective and vocabulary they need to know. You may use a worksheet, do a class activity, etc (I will provide a list of activities that can be done or you can browse the internet to find your own)

  • Assessment

    • This is where you find out if the class learned what you were trying to teach. You may create an exit quiz, short answer quiz, or a short essay for assessment

Medieval project2
Medieval Project

  • Teamwork Tips:

  • One person can be responsible for the introduction and the other for the assessment. Work together on the instruction

  • –OR-

  • One person can be responsible for both the introduction and assessment, while the other is responsible for the instruction.

Medieval project3
Medieval Project

  • Sample Objective:

  • Feudalism (308-315, 334-341)

  • Objectives:

  • Students will be able to describe the ranks and duties of the Feudal System

  • Vocabulary:

  • chivalry, fief, vassalage, king, nobles, knights, serfs (peasants)