Criminal Justice Process: Before The Trial - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Criminal Justice Process: Before The Trial

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  1. Criminal Justice Process: Before The Trial 8 Steps

  2. 1. Booking and Initial Appearance • Booking = • Arraignment = • Misdemeanor • Felony

  3. 2. Bail and Pretrial Release • Pretrial Detention • R.O.R. • Bail • Conditioned Release • 8th Amendment • Packet Activity (159)

  4. 3. Information • What are the exact charges a person will face!! • Murder 1st or 2nd • Death Penalty or Life w/o Parole

  5. 4 & 5. Preliminary Hearing/Grand Jury • Misdemeanors = No Preliminary hearing or Grand Jury , Felonies only!! • Judge decides (Pre Hearing) • 16 to 23 people decide (Grand Jury) • Is there enough information to send the defendant to trial • Depends on the State • Indictment

  6. 6. Felony Arraignment and Pleas • Guilty • Not Guilty • Noro Contendere • Set a date for trial or sentencing • Trial by Jury or Bench Trial

  7. 7. Pretrial Motion: Exclusionary Rule • Request evidence from the prosecution • Request more time • Request change of venue • Request to exclude evidence *****Decided by Judge*****

  8. 8. Plea Bargaining • Used to attain a guilty plea before trial in exchange for reduced sentence • Plea Bargain activity (165) in packet