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NEW ENGLAND & MIDDLE COLONIES. HERE COME THE PURITANS!!. 1620: MAYFLOWER LANDS W/ “SEPERATISTS” ON BOARD MAYFLOWER - landed Plymouth Bay (overshot VA) MAYFLOWER COMPACT - DOCUMENT LAYING OUT CRUDE GOVT. - WILL OF MAJORITY WILL RULE ECONOMY: FURS/FISH/LUMBER

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here come the puritans
HERE COME THE PURITANS!!
  • 1620: MAYFLOWER LANDS W/ “SEPERATISTS” ON BOARD MAYFLOWER

- landed Plymouth Bay (overshot VA)

  • MAYFLOWER COMPACT

- DOCUMENT LAYING OUT CRUDE GOVT.

- WILL OF MAJORITY WILL RULE

  • ECONOMY: FURS/FISH/LUMBER
  • BY 1691 MERGED W/ SETTLERS TO THE NORTH AND BECAME PLYMOUTH COLONY
massachusetts bay colony by the sword we seek peace but peace only under liberty
MASSACHUSETTS BAY COLONY “By the sword we seek peace, but peace only under liberty.”
  • 1629: NON-SEPRATISTS PURITANS GAINED ROYAL CHARTER
  • 1630S: GREAT MIGRATION

- 70,000 ENGLISH MIGRATE TO MASS.

& W. INDIES

john winthrop
JOHN WINTHROP
  • RELIGIOUS LEADER & 1ST MASS. GOVERNOR

SAYS:

“WE SHALL BE A CITY UPON A HILL”

IN OTHER WORDS A BEACON OF LIGHT

FOR THE REST OF THE WORLD TO SEE…

A GUIDING FORCE IN THE WORLD!!

mass bay colony
MASS. BAY COLONY
  • ECONOMY: FUR/FISH/SHIPBUILDING
  • SOCIETY:

VOTING: ALL PURITAN MALES & FREEMEN COULD VOTE AND HOLD OFFICE

NON-MEMBERS OF CHURCH & WOMEN COULD NOT VOTE

slide12

**CLERGY OF THE CHURCH COULD NOT HOLD OFFICE!!

EVERYONE (CHURCH MEMBERS/NON-MEMBERS) PAID TAXES TO SUPPORT THE CONGREATIONAL CHURCH

two rogues
TWO ROGUES…
  • ROGER WILLIAMS: SEPERATISTS

WANTED:

SEPERATION OF CHURCH & STATE

$$ COMPENSATION FOR NATIVE AMERICANS FOR THEIR LAND

HE LEFT AND FOUNDED…

rhode island hope
RHODE ISLAND “Hope.”
  • RELIGIOUS FREEDOM FOR ALL
  • NO TAXES TO SUPPORT A CHURCH
  • ALL MALES CAN VOTE
  • FRIENDLY TO NATIVE AMERICANS
anne hutchinson
ANNE HUTCHINSON
  • HELD MEETINGS IN HER HOME REGARDING CHURCH DOCTRINE

- WAS PUT ON TRIAL FOR HER ACTIONS

- OUTWITTED HER ACCUSERS

SHE WAS BANISHED FROM THE COLONY…

LEFT FOR RHODE ISLAND & WOULD EVENTUALLY DIE IN N.Y.

maine new hampshire dirigo live free or die
MAINE/NEW HAMPSHIRE“Dirigo.” / “Live Free or Die.”
  • THESE TWO COLONIES WILL EVENTUALLY BREAK OFF FROM THE BAY COLONY AND BECOME SOVEREIGN AND INDEPENDENT.
new york excelsior ever upward
NEW YORK “Excelsior . . . (Ever Upward).”
  • NEW AMSTERDAM

- SETTLED BY DUTCH WHO WERE TRADING/COLOINAL POWER

  • DUTCH EAST INDIA CO:

- EMPLOY HENRY HUDSON TO SEARCH FOR A PASSAGE THROUGH NEW WORLD

- HE SETTLES NEW AMSTERDAM

*DUTCH WEST INDIA CO: EXPLORE AFRICA AND BRAZIL

slide20

DUTCH PURCHASE LAND FROM NATIVES FOR ABOUT ONE CENT PER ACRE…ABOUT 22,000 ACRES

TODAY WE KNOW THIS AS…

MANHATTAN

why do british want it
WHY DO BRITISH WANT IT?
  • DUTCH COLONY DESIRED BY THE BRITISH TO TIE THEIR NORTHERN AND SOUTHERN COLONIES TOGETHER.
  • OPEN TO ALL SETTLERS AND POORLY DEFENDED.

SO…

slide26

DUKE OF YORK

    • ATTACKED AND SEIZED NEW AMSTERDAM

FROM STUYVESANT

    • COLONY WAS SPLIT INTO NEW YORK AND NEW JERSEY
dutch influence
DUTCH INFLUENCE…

HARLEM

BROOKLYN

HELLGATE

SANTA/GOLF/BOWLING/

WAFFLES

pennsylvania virtue liberty and independence
PENNSYLVANIA“Virtue, Liberty and Independence.”
  • William Penn
    • QUAKER, PEOPLE OPPOSED TO VIOLENCE OF ANY KIND AND RELIGIOUSLY TOLERANT.
    • GAINED “PENNS WOODLAND” BECAUSE OF DEBT OWED TO HIS FATHER
    • WANTED COLONY W/
    • FREEDOM OF WORSHIP
    • NO TAX FOR CHURCHES
    • FRIENDLY TO NATIVE AMERICAN
deleware liberty and independence
DELEWARE“Liberty and Independence.”
  • NAMED AFTER…

LORD DE LA WARR

  • BECOMES FIRST COLONY TO BECOME A STATE
common characteristics of middle colonies
COMMON CHARACTERISTICS OF MIDDLE COLONIES
  • GEOGRAPHY:

- LAND FERTILE (NY/NJ EXPORT GRAIN)

- INLAND RIVERS

- LUMBER: USED FOR SHIPBUILDING &

REBUILDING ENGLAND

- DEEP HARBORS FOR SEAPORTS

slide31

SOCIAL:

- RELIGIOUS FREEDOM (RI/PA)

- ETHNICALLY MIXED

- LAND EASILY OBTAINED