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Christianity. 3 rd Block Social Science. Class Agenda. Today we are going to: Practice taking notes Learn new vocabulary words. Look for vocabulary in the slides!.

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3rd Block Social Science

class agenda
Class Agenda
  • Today we are going to:
  • Practice taking notes
  • Learn new vocabulary words
look for vocabulary in the slides
Look for vocabulary in the slides!
  • Directions: When you see a new vocabulary word, write it down and raise your hand. We will discuss what we think it means with a partner.
  • We will check our answers by using our book dictionaries
  • Record your guesses and the correct definition with a partner
  • Each person should have his/her own paper
vocabulary review
Vocabulary Review
  • Monotheism
  • Polytheism
  • Worship
  • Prophet
  • Exile
  • Diaspora
  • Menorah
  • Synagogue
  • Kosher
new vocabulary
New Vocabulary
  • Look for these new words!
    • Trinity
    • Eternal
    • Soul
    • Sins
    • Crucified
    • Blasphemy
    • Resurrection
    • Ascension
    • Messiah
    • Bible
    • Orthodox
    • Protestant
    • Reformation
    • Denominations
    • Catholic
    • Pope
    • Disciples
    • Cathedral
    • Church
quick facts
Quick Facts
  • Christianity began in 1st Century C.E. (Christian Era), over 2,000 years ago
  • Jesus is the prophet in Christianity
  • Over 1.9 billion people are Christians.
  • Can you name 4 regions with the highest Christian populations?Take 5 minutes to discuss with a partner. Here is a map to help you.
  • Europe
  • North America
  • South America
  • Australia
  • Can you point on the map where these places are located?
  • Jesus is the prophet in Christianity. He was Jewish.
  • His mother, the Virgin Mary, was said to have been given a child by God’s grace. An angel told her this would happen.
  • What holiday does much of the world celebrate because of the birth of Jesus?
  • Take 1 minute to discuss the answer with your partner.
prophet jesus
Prophet - Jesus
  • He taught the idea of love and understanding of all people.
  • He was called the Messiah, or “God’s chosen one”.
  • He had twelve main followers called disciples.
  • Some of the most famous disciples are:
    • Peter
    • James
    • John
    • Judas Iscariot
    • Can you name any other disciples? Take a minute to discuss your answer
prophet jesus1
Prophet - Jesus
  • When he was 33, he was crucified because the Romans and Jews alike thought he spoke blasphemy against God with his new teaching.
  • Christians believe that because Jesus died, all of humanity’s sins are forgiven. They also believe that the soul will live eternally with Jesus in heaven.
prophet jesus2
Prophet - Jesus
  • Three days after his crucifixion, Jesus was believed to come alive again.
  • He then ascended into heaven.
  • What holiday does much of the world celebrate for this belief?
  • Take 1 minute to discuss the answer with your partner.
answer easter
Answer - Easter

March 31st, 2013

three divisions of christianity
Three Divisions of Christianity
  • Christians follow 1 of 3 main divisions of the religion:
    • Orthodox
    • Protestant
    • Catholic
  • All three believe in the trinity, or that God comes in different forms when needed:
    • God himself
    • God the prophet (Jesus)
    • The holy spirit (the “spirit” that brings people closer to God).
  • Can you show the famous movement associated with the trinity?

They all read the Bible, or the Christian holy book.

  • The bible is divided into two sections: The Old Testament and the New Testament.
  • The Old Testament discusses Jewish history, and the New Testament discusses Jesus’ history.
  • Can you name the first five books of the Old Testament?
  • Also, what other religious holy book is a part of the Old Testament?
  • Take 1 minute to discuss this with your partner.
  • The Torah
  • First five books of the Torah:
    • Genesis
    • Exodus
    • Leviticus
    • Deuteronomy
    • Numbers
  • Orthodox Christians believe that they worship Jesus in the way that the early Christians did.
  • Most Orthodox Christians live in Eastern Europe and Russia.
  • They worship in cathedrals.

Cathedral in Russia

  • Another division of Christians are Catholics.
  • Catholics believe in many Saints. Some well known Saints are Peter and Christopher.
  • Catholics follow the pope. He lives in Vatican City in Rome.
  • What is happening as we speak with the pope?
  • Take 3 minutes to discuss this with your partner.
answer new pope
Answer – New Pope!
  • Cardinals in the Vatican are choosing a new pope. This is the first pope to step down from his position in 2,000 years.
  • The third and newest division of Christianity is Protestantism.
  • In 1517 Martin Luther posted his 95 Theses or 95 complaints about the Catholic division on the doors of the Wittenburg Castle doors. This started the Reformation, or the movement that started Protestantism.
martin luther
Martin Luther
  • Martin Luther said that protestants should worship in churches.
  • Some of his complaints are:
    • People don’t learn what the Bible says
    • People should sing in church to learn the Bible
    • The church had too much money
    • Services should be simpler; they should be taught in the language of the country (then German) instead of Latin since only the educated spoke and read Latin.
  • Now there are hundreds of denominations of Protestantism. Some of the most popular ones are:
  • Methodist Church
  • Episcopalian Church
  • Presbyterian Church
  • Baptist Church
  • Pentecostal Church
  • There are two symbols that represent Christianity. One is the crucifix.
  • The other is the fish which has roots in the Greek language.
fun facts
Fun Facts
  • Because of the Catholic Church, we have annotated music.
  • Because of Martin Luther, people sing in church.