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CHRISTIANITY PowerPoint Presentation
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CHRISTIANITY

CHRISTIANITY

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CHRISTIANITY

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  1. CHRISTIANITY

  2. CHRISTIANITY: Where it’s practiced

  3. christianity • The religion centered on belief in JESUS as the Son of God. • CHRIST – from the Greek word “christos” meaning “anointed” or messiah. • 1st Century AD – Christianity grew slowly • 2nd Century AD – “ took root • 3rd Century AD – “ was widespread

  4. History • Jesus = a Jew born in Bethlehem – regional tax collecting/census center (under Roman control) • According to the Gospels, Jesus was born from a virgin (Mary). “The Immaculate Conception” • Grew up in in the city of Nazareth in Galilee – (modern-day Northern Israel) • Baptized by John the Baptist, began his ministry • Because his teachings emphasized spiritual equality, they appealed to many, especially women and the poor

  5. History • Many Jews see him as a threat – call him a false prophet • Judas betrays Jesus, Romans arrest him • Pontius Pilate (Roman governor of Judea) allows Jesus to be crucified • Crucifixion – “Good Friday” • Resurrection – Easter Sunday • Christianity is spread by 12 disciples but especially Saul/Paul. He wrote the majority of books in the New Testament.

  6. History • Persecution: • Nero and Diocletian • 313 AD – Edict of Milan– Constantine - granted religious toleration to Christians in the Roman Empire • Theodosius – makes Christianity the official religion of the Empire in 380 AD

  7. Organization • Original Church was Catholic • Pope • Cardinals • Archbishops • Bishops • Priests • 1054 AD – Great Schism – Eastern Orthodox • 1500s AD – Protestant Reformation • Today: 3 Branches – Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Protestant

  8. Teachings/beliefs • God is a Trinity – Father, Son, and Holy Spirit • Faith/Belief = Salvation • +++Differences • - The Eucharist – actual or symbolic? • - Baptism – age/sprinkle v. immersion • -predestination • -confirmation • -marriage/divorce • -confession/penance