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Christianity

Christianity

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Christianity

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  1. Largest religion today Christianity

  2. 2 billion followers!

  3. I mean really beliefs, not history Beliefs

  4. Christian Texts • Old Testament • Hebrew Bible • Comes from Jews • New Testament • New scripture

  5. Parts of New Testaments • First four: Gospel • View Jesus is four points • Matthew, Mark, Luke, John • Next books: Epistles • Letters by apostles, early leaders to church • e.g.) Epistle to the Romans, First epistle to the Corinthians, Second Epistle to the Corinthians • Last book: Book of Revelation, like epistles, complicated pictures of prediction

  6. Afterlife • Jesus, before crucified, proved was human • By resurrection, proved was god • Everyone has a soul • Afterlife depends on believe Jesus or not • One of important beliefs • Jesus’ death, forgive people’s sin

  7. Trinity • God, the father • Jesus, the son • Holy Ghost (Holy Spirit) • Allow people to be with god and Jesus

  8. Jesus Teachings • Right/Wrong • Do to others as you want to be treated • Golden Rule

  9. Judeo-Christian • Old Testament • Ten Commandments • Helped shape life on Europe, America, etc. • Themes of art • Equality

  10. Two Essential Holidays • Christmas • Jesus’ birth • Easter • Jesus’ return to life

  11. Origins of Christianity History

  12. Origins • From Judaism • Jews were ruled by Romans at the time

  13. Groups of Jews Judaism Didn’t like Roman rule – hoped god to send Messiah and free Jews. Pharisees observed Jewish laws, thought people could come back to life. Zealotsopposed to pay tax. Sadducees supported Jewish tradition, but also helped Roman rule. Others isolated themselves in deserts

  14. Jesus • Born in Bethlehem • Gospels (Christian Writing) says Jesus is descendant of Jewish King David • Grew in Nazareth • Grew as Carpenter • Baptized by prophet called John, taught Hebrew Bible

  15. Jesus…… Continued • Known as…… • Champion of the poor • Outcast of society • Teachings listened by people who need help • Closest followers think if Jesus is Messiah or not

  16. Jesus…… Continued Again • Preached living a good life • Around A.D. 33, celebrate Jewish holiday • Pontius Pilate worried about the crowd • Arrest Jesus, crucifies Jesus

  17. According to Gospels…… • Jesus was placed in a tomb with guards • Some visited 3 days later • Jesus was not there! • Told other people • Thought god resurrected Jesus • Thought Jesus was Messiah, and they are Christians

  18. Spread of Christianity Difference Grew! • Jesus chose 12 trusted people (disciples/apostles) • After the death of Jesus, Peter became head of church • Visited Europe, Asia, North Africa • Christians viewed themselves as Jews

  19. Paul • Spread Christianitythroughout Roman Empire • He didn’t believe Christianity at first • Later, he believed Jesus came to him and told him to spread Christianity • Wrote epistles • Told that no need to follow all Jewish rules to become Christian

  20. How did Christian Spread? - I • Roads • Travels are easier • Christians move quickly from region to region • Paul – only possible at the time • Greek – eastern half • Christianity writing – in Greek • By monotheism & fairness

  21. Question appears: • Why did Roman Empire didn’t like Christians? • Roman Empire said okay to many religions! • Monotheistic • Jews were too – Rome respected Jews! • Jews was new religion, Christians were not!

  22. Who is the most famous Roman Emperor for killing Christians?

  23. Nero! (A.D. 64) Caused by fire destroying Rome Thought was Christian’s fault.

  24. After A.D. 250…… • Emperors killed Christians • Some people didn’t believe…… • Some people became martyrs • Martyrs: people who die for the religion • Constantine became first Christian Emperor • Dream – essential war with cross and won the war

  25. Official Religion after Constantine’s reign – A.D. 380

  26. I am Catholic, one big branch of Christian!  Some New Testaments Lines

  27. “Blessed are the poor in spirit, for there is the kingdom of heaven. Blessed those who mourn, for they will be comforted. Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth. Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they will be filled. -Matthew 5:3-6

  28. “ ‘You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind.’ This is the greatest and first commandment. And a second is like it: ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself’ ” -Matthew 22:37-39

  29. “You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall love your neighbor and hate your enemy.’ But I say to you, Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you, so that you may be children of your father in heaven.” -Matthew 5:43-44

  30. “Give to everyone what you owe them: if you owe tax, pay taxes; if revenue, then revenue; if respect, then respect; if honor, then honor.” -Romans 13:7 My personal favorite