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Christianity. A Brief Introduction. Second Temple Judaism(s). Pharisees Sadducees Essenes Zealots Temple, Torah, & Messianic Expectations. Jesus to Christ. Matthew Mark Luke John Thomas Paul Other writings. Jesus of History or Christ of Faith?. The Synoptic Problem.

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  1. Christianity A Brief Introduction

  2. Second Temple Judaism(s) • Pharisees • Sadducees • Essenes • Zealots • Temple, Torah, & Messianic Expectations

  3. Jesus to Christ • Matthew • Mark • Luke • John • Thomas • Paul • Other writings Jesus of History or Christ of Faith?

  4. The Synoptic Problem

  5. Jesus to Christ

  6. Paul • Stephen & Hellenists • Saul to Paul • Antioch (confrontation) • Galatians • Jerusalem Council • Paul’s Gospel

  7. Christological Controversies • Context: Jewish monotheism and Pagan polytheism • Two approaches: • docetism • adoptionism • Consensus • Nicene Creed (325) • Chalcedon (450)

  8. The Nicene Creed We believe in one God, the Father, the Almighty, maker of heaven and earth, of all that is, seen and unseen.

  9. The Nicene Creed (cont.) We believe in one Lord, Jesus Christ, the only Son of God, eternally begotten of the Father, God from God, Light from Light, true God from true God, begotten, not made, of one Being with the Father. Through him all things were made. For us and for our salvation he came down from heaven: by the power of the Holy Spirit he became incarnate from the Virgin Mary, and was made man. For our sake he was crucified under Pontius Pilate; he suffered death and was buried. On the third day he rose again in accordance with the Scriptures; he ascended into heaven and is seated at the right hand of the Father. He will come again in glory to judge the living and the dead, and his kingdom will have no end.

  10. The Nicene Creed (cont.) We believe in the Holy Spirit,the Lord, the giver of life, who proceeds from the Father (and the Son). With the Father and the Son he is worshiped and glorified. He has spoken through the Prophets. We believe in one holy catholic and apostolic Church. We acknowledge one baptism for the forgiveness of sins. We look for the resurrection of the dead, and the life of the world to come. Amen.

  11. Calvinism • Total Depravity • Unconditional Election • Limited Atonement • Irresistible Grace • Perseverance of the Saints

  12. Catholic, Orthodox, Mainline Beliefs/Values • God (as Creator) • (Original) Sin • Redemption • Sacramental Theology • Faith, tradition,reason (and experience)

  13. Evangelical Beliefs/Values • Personal Salvation • God loves you/the world (and has plan) • Sin separates people from God • Jesus death atones for sin • We must individually receive Christ • “Fundamentals” • inerrancy of the Bible • (literal and recent six-day creation) • Virgin Birth • Bodily Resurrection • Miracles, etc. (at least biblical miracles) • Actual/physical return of Christ to earth

  14. Catholic, Orthodox, Mainline Worship • Music • Written Prayers • Ministry of Word • Hebrew Bible • Psalm • Epistle • Gospel • Homily • Eucharist

  15. New Forms of Worship • Charismatic • Calvary Chapel • Seeker-Friendly

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