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Warm Up. The Transatlantic Slave Trade. Essential Questions : Why is it important to study the history of slavery? Why have humans throughout history enslaved one another?. Trans-Saharan Slave Trade.

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Warm up

The Transatlantic Slave Trade

Essential Questions:

  • Why is it important to study the history of slavery?

  • Why have humans throughout history enslaved one another?

Warm up

Trans-Saharan Slave Trade

■Other captives were shipped north across the deserts of northwest Africa to the Mediterranean coast (to Morocco).

■Africans were purchased there to work as servants in Spain, Portugal, and other countries.

By the mid-1400’s, Portuguese ship captains were trading slaves along the west coast of Africa for working on sugar plantations.

What do you think “Trans-Saharan” refers to?

Between the 10th – 14th century, African captives were sold in Islamic markets around the area of present day Sudan.

Many of these slaves were female, sold for servants or concubines.

Transatlantic slave trade
Transatlantic Slave Trade

Spanish adventurers arrived in the following years, enslaving Native Americans to search for gold and silver.

  • In 1492, Columbus landed in the “New World,” linking Europe & The Americas

  • The Natives were weakened by disease, malnutrition, & Spanish cruelty so the Spanish decided to use Africans.

  • Around 1520, the first African slaves arrived in the Americas off of Portuguese ships.

Warm up

Warm up

The Middle Passage

  • Middle Passage = ship crossing for African slaves to the New World

  • What do you think life would have been like on a slave ship?

Warm up

  • Several hundred slaves were packed below deck on stacked wooden platforms.

  • These platforms were covered with excrement, blood, and filth and caused many infections and diseases.

  • Slaves were confined by leg irons while on the ship and were often tortured with whip beatings.

  • Many slaves committed suicide by jumping overboard or refusing to eat.

Slavery in the southern colonies
Slavery in the Southern Colonies slaves died on the ship

  • Those surviving The Middle Passage were auctioned off…

  • In the 18th century, the “ideal” slave (male, strong, young, & healthy) was worth how much in today’s money?

    • $11,630-$23,200

  • 40% of slaves before the American Revolution passed through South Carolina and were often put to work in its rice fields…

Slavery in the southern colonies1
Slavery in the Southern Colonies slaves died on the ship

  • There was no harder or more unhealthy work than the rice fields…

    “Ankle deep or mid-leg in water which floats an oozy mud, and exposed to a burning sun which makes the air hotter than human blood; those poor wretches are in a furnace of stinking putrid vapor”

  • 2 out of 3 African-American children on rice plantations failed to reach their 16th birthday (malaria, harsh working conditions)

Copper sun
Copper Sun slaves died on the ship

  • About a 15 year old African girl, Amari, and her experiences with the slave trade

  • Historical Fiction: Work of fiction, but events of the story are based on fact

    • Author spent 10 years researching its content

  • Written by Sharon Draper, 2006

    • Grand-daughter of a slave

  • Setting: 1738 (slave trade in full swing); African village, then South Carolina

Tomorrow slaves died on the ship

  • Speeches Begin

  • Be Prepared, even if you “know” other people will volunteer.

  • Have two typed, printed copies of the outline along with your rubric from the packet.