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The Rise of Islam

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  1. The Rise of Islam

  2. What is Islam? Mohammed “Submission” Muslim-”One who submits to God” Monotheistic Claims to be in the tradition of the great Jewish and Christian figures: Abraham of Ur Moses Jesus

  3. The Tenants of Islam The Qu’ran The Five Pillars “There is no God but Allah, and Mohammed is his Prophet.” Prayer Charity Fasting The Hajj Mecca Medina Expansion Caliphate Sharia

  4. The Islamic Empires (Caliphates) Muhammed First Three Caliphates Umayyad Caliphate Abbasid Caliphate “Islamic Golden Age” Mongol invasion Seljuk Turks Ottoman Turks Expansion under the Prophet Mohammad, 612-632 Expansion during the First three caliphs, 632-655 Expansion during the Umayyad Caliphate, 661-75

  5. Islamic Culture

  6. The Islamic Golden Age750-1258 Abbasid Caliphate Capital moved from Damascus to Baghdad Science Astronomy Optics Paper Medicine Surgery Hospitals Mathematics Algebra Arabic numerals Philosophy Averroes