Learning Targets • Describethe main battles in the PacificFront . • Evaluate the impact of American and Japanese strategies. • Decidewhich front would be harder for American soldiers and defend that choice.
THINK, PAIR, SHARE: Thinking about the geography, how will the Pacific Front be different than the European front? Explain.
Winter 1942: Early Japanese Gains Attacks throughout Pacific
Dec.-April 1942: Philippines • U.S./Filipinos outnumbered, so MacArthur ordered to leave
Apr. 1942: Doolittle Raid Air attack on Tokyo; little gain, but raises morale
White Board Moment Describe the fighting in the Pacific Front so far in ONE word. Be able to defend your choice!
May 1942: Battle of Coral Sea Broken code led to 1st carrier-based fighting Stopped Japan
June 1942: Battle of Midway Gateway to Hawaii; U.S. prepared Huge losses; Japan on defensive
Island-Hopping • "leapfrog" across to Japan • Attack strategic islands
Guadalcanal Americans on offense Jungle warfare Japan retreats
White Board Moment Create an illustration to represent island- hopping. Be able to explain your image choices.
Oct.-July 1945: Battle of Leyte Gulf • U.S. retakes Philippines • Japanese used“Kamikaze" (suicide) pilots
Feb.-Mar. 1945: Iwo Jima • Wanted to use to bomb Tokyo; heavily defended • Bushido style of fighting -no surrender ;
April 1945: Okinawa Close to Japan (350 m) Little to no surrender Door to Japan now open
1945: Tokyo Firebombing killed many civilians; destroyed 1/4 of Tokyo
White Board Moment Which of the Pacific Front strategies (i.e. island hopping, kamikaze attacks, bushido, firebombing, etc.) was the most successful in your opinion? Write it on your whiteboard. Be prepared to defend your choice.
Navajo Code Talkers • Read article on Navajo Code Talkers. • Using the Navajo Dictionary, write a coded message explaining one new thing you learned today. • See if a partner can decode your message!