Learning Targets • I can identify different types of characters. • I can explain characterization, direct and indirect characterization. • I can explain the difference between direct and indirect characterization. • I can explain the relationship between the narrator/narration and character/dialogue. • I can apply characterization in my reading.
Round Character A round character is one who has been fully developed. They take on realistic identities. Protagonist: main character , good guy Antagonist: character who is in opposition with the protagonist, bad guy
Flat Characters Minor characters in a work of fiction who do not undergo substantial change or growth throughout the story. Neville
StaticCharacter A character that doesn't change. Rafiki
Dynamic Character A character who will undergo some kind of change in the course of the story.
Characterizations Indirect and Direct
Words to Learn • Narration • Narrator • Dialogue • Quotation Marks • Direct Characterization • Explicit • Indirect Characterization • Implicit
Role of the Narrator Narrative Characters 1 Story 2 Narrator 3 Reader Setting Communication Barrier Events
Voices in the Story Narrator: tells the story to the reader. Narration: when the narrator speaks. Character: people in the story. Dialogue: when characters speak.
Don’t Write This Down When are you going to let us in the classroom the loud student asked. The sleepy student said Mr. Morton said we can come in when we’re quiet. Quiet down students said Mr. Morton. The students were still very noisy students I thought you said you wanted to come in and sit down said Mr. Morton.
Don’t Write This Down “When are you going to let us in the classroom?” the loud student asked. The sleepy student said, “Mr. Morton said we can come in when we’re quiet.” “Quiet down, students,” said Mr. Morton. The students were still very noisy. “Students, I thought you said you wanted to come in and sit down,” said Mr. Morton. How are these passages different?
“Quotation Marks” Character’s voices go in quotes. It was hot. “Turn on the fan,”she said. N C N He said,“Point it toward us.”She didn’t. N C N Quotes show when characters speak.
Characterization The writer’s process to create and develop characters.
Direct Characterizations Narratorexplicitly describes a character. Ex: Kat was popular but snobby. Tim was a nice, honest boy. Explicit: Clearly stated.
Indirect Characterization Character traits revealed through actions, what others say about the character, and what the character says about himself/herself. Ex: Jess left the pizza crust on her floor. Tim helped old Ms. Jones with her bags. Indirect characterizations are implicit. Implicit: not clearly stated, implied.
Characterization Triangle Explicit statements provided by the narrator Direct Characterization Indirect Characterization The other character’s words, thoughts and actions about the character. The character’s words, thoughts and actions about himself/herself Implicit statements
Summary The narrator tells the story. Dialogue: when characters speak. Direct characterization: the narrator explicitly describes the character. Indirect characterization: character’s traits are revealed through their actions.