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Literature as Content For ESL/EFL. introduction. objectives. List the benefits of using literature as content. The importance of literature to extent learners’ awareness of their own communication. List the six aspects of language development in literature.

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objectives
objectives
  • List the benefits of using literature as content.
  • The importance of literature to extent learners’ awareness of their own communication.
  • List the six aspects of language development in literature.
  • Compare between efferent and esthetic reading.
  • List the advantages of stylistics
  • Use characterization and point of view in language development.
  • Use literary texts in integrating the four language skills.
benefits of using literature as content
Benefits of using literature as content
  • Show the importance of form in communication.
  • Good resource for integrating the 4 skills.
  • Raises cross-cultural awareness.
defining literary texts
Defining Literary Texts
  • Language is used to convey a message by relating information.
  • Literature convey “an individual awareness of reality”
  • What makes literary texts unique is that the WHAT and HOW of the text are inseparable.
  • This makes literature valuable for extending learners’ awareness that how they say something is important in two ways.
    • What are those two ways? (refer to p. 319)
    • Example p. 319-320
defining literary text
Defining Literary Text
  • The particularity of literary text rests on the author’s use of six aspects of text development.
    • What are these six aspects? (refer to p. 320).
    • These dimensions of literary texts that contribute to the “what/ how of literary communication.”
examples of different literary works
Examples of different literary works
  • Novels
  • Stories
  • Advertisements
  • Newspapers headlines
  • Jokes
  • Pun
literary text and the reader
Literary Text And The Reader
  • Rosenblatt(1978) defines literary texts in terms of how readers interact with them.
    • Interaction can be:
      • Efferent reading
      • Aesthetic reading
        • Define the two terms.

Refer to p. 320

stylistics and its advantages
Stylistics and its advantages
  • Stylistics: literary text analysis.
  • Advantages:
    • A key to decode the text
    • Basing the interpretation of systematic verbal Analysis reaffirms the centrality of the language as the aesthetic medium of literature.
    • Easy for non-native speakers since they already have the systematic knowledge of the language.
  • other researchers say the focus on stylistics will prevent the reader from enjoying the text.
    • What do you think? Refer to p.321 to define practical stylistics.
using literary texts to develop language
Using Literary Texts to Develop Language
  • Pick a partner and choose one of the stories mentioned in p. 321-322
  • What things did you like about the story?
  • What things did you not like about the story?
  • If you wanted to give your students a story to read, what characteristics should it carry to achieve language development?
characteristics of a chosen literary text
Characteristics of a chosen literary text
  • Students will enjoy reading literature only if the text is accessible to them.
  • The teacher should make sure that:
    • the theme of the text is engaging
    • The linguistic and conceptual level are appropriate for the students.
literary texts in language development
Literary texts in language development
  • teachers can help students develop their language through literary texts by means of using:
    • Characterization
    • Point of view
characterization
characterization
  • Readers assess characters in a story based on what the character says and does.
  • How to assess:
    • Listing the adjectives they believe best describe eachcharacter.
    • return to the text to justify their interpretations
    • Examine the language of the text.
point of view
Point of view
  • Three types of point of view:
    • Spatio-temporal point of view tenses & order of events
    • Ideological point of view critical literacy &reading literacy
    • Psychological point of view
      • Refer to p. 323 and define the three types of point of view.
using literary texts to integrate skills
Using literary texts to integrate skills
  • How to integrate the 4 skills?
    • Reading refer to p. 326
    • Listening refer to p. 326
    • Speaking refer to p. 327
    • Writing refer to p. 328
using literary texts to develop cultural awareness
Using literary texts to develop cultural awareness
  • Four dimensions of culture:
    • The aesthetic sense
    • The sociological sense
    • The semantic sense
    • pragmatic sense

Refer to p. 328 to look up the meaning of these four dimensions

how to use a literary text to raise cultural awareness
How to use a literary text to raise cultural awareness?
  • Choosing different texts from different cultures provides a medium for sharing and illuminating the differences and similarities of two cultures.