American Literature. Book I. Table of Contents. Introduction Brief Outline of American Literature Chapter I Colonial Period Chapter II Revolutionary Period Benjamin Franklin Philip Freneau
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Colonial Period (1607-1775)
the first collection published by English colonists living in America
the first noted poetess in colonial period
the most popular poet in American Colonial Period
Work: “The Day of Doom” (1662)
3. Edward Taylor (1642?-1729)
the finest poet in colonial period
Work: Preparatory Meditation
In English style
“The Age of Reason”
Revolutionary Period (1775-1783)
The Declaration of Independence (1776)
Common Sense (1776)
“The Wild Honey Suckle”
The Declaration of Independence,
The Treaty of Alliance with France,
The Treaty of Peace with England,
The wild honeysuckle
( It pronounced the virtues of a new nation progressing towards its freedom; America would be a land blessed with “sweet liberty!/Without whose aid the nobles genius fails,/And science irretrievable must die”)
4. Aspects of Freneau
Hid in this silent, dull retreat,
Untouch’d thy honey’d blossoms blow,
Unseen thy little branches greet:
No roving foot shall crush thee here,
No busy hand provoke a tear.
By Nature’s self in white array’d,
She bade thee shun the vulgar eye,
And planted here the guardian shade,
And sent soft waters murmuring by;
Thus quietly thy summer goes,
Thy days declining to repose.
I grieve to see your future doom,
They died----nor were those flowers more gay,
The flowers that did in Eden bloom;
Unpitying frosts, and Autumn’s power
Shall leave no vestige of this flower.
From morning suns and evening dews
At first thy little being came:
If nothing once, you nothing lose,
For when you die you are the same;
The space between, is but an hour,
The frail duration of a flower.
I still my old opinion keep,
The posture, that we give the dead,
Points out the soul’s eternal sleep.
Not so the ancients of these lands—
The Indian, when from life released,
Again is seated with his friends,
And shares again the joyous feast.
His imaged birds, and painted bowl,
And venison, for a journey dressed.
Bespeak the nature of the soul,
Activity, that knows no rest.
And arrows, with a head of stone,
Can only mean that life is spent,
And not the old ideas gone.
Thou, stranger, that shalt come this way.
No fraud upon the dead commit—
Observe the swelling turf, and say
They do not lie, but here they sit.
Here still a lofty rock remains,
On which the curious eye may trace,
(Now wasted, half, by wearing rains)
The fancies of a ruder race.
Beneath whose far—projecting shade
(And which the shepherd still admires)
The children of the forest played!
There oft a restless Indian queen
(Pale Shebah, with her braided hair)
And many a barbarous form is seen
To chide the man that lingers there.
By midnight moons, o’er moistening dews,
In habit for the chase arrayed,
The hunter still the deer pursues,
The hunter and the deer, a shade!
The painted chief, and pointed spear,
And Reason’s self shall bow the knee
To shadows and delusions here.
The term ,Romanticism, is associated with imagination and boundlessness, as contrasted with classicism, which is commonly associated with reason and restriction. The most profound and comprehensive idea of romanticism is the vision of a greater personal freedom for the individual.
optimism and hope among people
English and European
Emerson and Whitman
c) Bracebridge Hall 1822
d) Oliver Goldsmith1840
e) Life of George Washington 1855-1859
Later, he studied law.
Rip Van Winkle
View of Sunnyside
Natty Bumppo first appears as a seasoned scout in advancing years, with the dying Chingachgook, the old Indian chief and his faithful comrade, as the eastern forest frontier begins to disappear and Chingachgook dies.
Continuing the same border warfare in the St. Lawrence and Lake Ontario country.
a) Poems 1821
b) The Fountain 1842
c) The White-Footed Deer 1844
d) A Forest Hymn 1860
e) The Flood of Years 1878
f) “To a Waterfowl” 1815
g) “Thanatopsis” 1817
h) “The Yellow Violet” 1814
C) “The Murders in the Rue Morgue”
Collectionsof short stories