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Climate Change Science Program – Observations & Data Systems

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  1. Climate Change Science Program – Observations & Data Systems Robert F. Cahalan, Chair, Observations Working Group (OWG), CCSP Coordinating Earth Observations: CCSP & IWGEO Observations Working Group US Plan for Earth Observations

  2. NSTC Director, OSTP Committee on Environment & Natural Resources Committee on Science Committee on Technology Committee on Homeland and National Security WH: Olsen NSF: Colwell NIH: Zerhouni WH: Russell DOC: Bond WH: Olsen DOC: Lautenbacher EPA: Gilman WH: Dale DOD: Wynne DHS: McQueary Research Business Models Technology Dev. Education & Workforce Dev. Global Change Research National Security R&D Large Scale Science Networking Information & Technology Radiological/Nuclear Countermeasures Air Quality Research Aquaculture Disaster Reduction Nanoscale Science, Eng. & Technology International Human Subjects Research Ecosystems WMD Medical Countermeasures IWG Physics of the Universe Toxics & Risks IWG Plant Genome Standards Water Availability & Quality IWG Dom. Animal Genomics IWG Earth Observations R&D Investment Criteria Research Misconduct Policy Infrastructure Biotechnology Aerospace IWG on Dioxin Legend Oceans Social, Behavioral & Econ. Informal Under development Health and the Environment. NSTC Structure : CCSP= USGCRP + CCRI IWGEO US Implementation Plan --> Int’l GEO Plan

  3. Structure of the U.S. Climate Change Science Program (CCSP) • CCSP - $2.0 Billion distributed over 13 Federal Agencies • Primarily Climate Observations, also analysis &modeling • CCTP - $2.0 Billion distributed over 9 Agencies, ~85% DOE • Primarily climate adaptation, especially energy technologies

  4. Budget Figures by Agency FY 2002 – FY 2005 (Discretionary budget authority in $millions) Not Including Weather Fullcost + = + = + =

  5. USGCRP Budget Figures

  6. CCSP Observations Working Group (OWG) Data & Information Systems Subgroup (OWGDIS)OWGDIS CoChairs: Bruce Barkstrom & John Bates R. Cahalan, NASA, Chair H. Diamond, NOAA, Co-Chair W. Ferrell, DOE K. Bork, DOT J. Scheraga, EPA M. Gant, HHS M. Kurylo, NASA M. Maiden, NASA L. Tsaoussi, NASA B. Wielicki, NASA M. Gregg, NOAA M. Johnson, NOAA S. Piotrowicz, NOAA C. Jacobs, NSF T. Spence, NSF J. Andrews, DOD P. Neale, SI M. Jawson, USDA G. Johnson, USDA M. Dettinger, USGS J. Faundeen, USGS L. Pettinger, USGS K. Barrett, USAID L. Ruppe, USAID Purpose: stewardship for an observation system that will • document the evolving state of the climate system, • allow improved understanding of its changes,and • contribute to improved predictive capability for society Other Working Group CoChairs Atmospheric Composition: Dan Albritton, NOAA; Phil DeCola, NASA Climate Variability & Change : Jay Fein, NSF; Randy Dole, NOAA Carbon Cycle: Diane Wickland, NASA; Roger Dahlman, DOE Water Cycle: Jared Entin, NASA Ecosystems : Bryce Stokes, USDA; Susan Julius, EPA Human Contributions & Responses : Catlin Simpson, NOAA; Janet Gamble, EPA Land Use/Land Cover : Tom Loveland, USGS; Garik Gutman, NASA Communications/Internat’l/State: Kathryn Parker, EPA

  7. Draft US government plan for Global Earth Observations • Expected Release: Fall 2004 • Input to Int’l GEO • Earth Summit 3- • Brussels, Feb 2005 • Societal Benefit Areas:

  8. Appendices of IWGEO Plan • Appendix 1: Near - Term Opportunities: Data Management, Improved Observations for Disaster Warnings, Next Generation Global Land Observing System, Sea Level Observing System, National Integrated Drought Information System, Air Quality Assessment and Forecast System • Appendix 2: Technical Reports for the 9 Societal Benefit Areas • Climate Section Scope: National and International • CCSP Strategic Plan & GCOS 2nd Adequacy Report • http://www.climatescience.gov • http://www.wmo.ch/web/gcos/gcoshome.html • Deployed/Known Observing Systems: U.S. National GCOS Report • http://www.eis.noaa.gov/gcos/soc_long.pdf • & Future Systems (Not Yet Deployed), dependence on existing systems • Gaps: Land, Ice, Aerosol, Carbon, • Water Cycle, Radiation Budget, • Temperature Profiles, Paleoclimate

  9. Major Gaps and Challenges Adapt/Mitigate Understand

  10. Roles of Suborbital Earth Observations • Unique Observations: • In Situ Atmospheric • Adaptable, Mobile • Remote (e.g. Polar, Ocean) • Resolve Surface, Boundary layers • Unique technology • Development of new systems • Steps towards space • Steps towards other planets