Journal Write non-stop for five minutes in response to the following prompt: How do you express yourself when you’re: • Happy • Sad • Mad
What Makes a Poem? Poetry is everywhere – in our favorite songs, the nursery rhymes we read as children, and even in some television commercials. With a partner, make a list of poems that you have read or heard. Then answer the following questions: • Did you find poetry in any unexpected places? • What do these poems have in common? • How do the words create mental pictures? • Do these poems rhyme, or have rhythm? Once you’ve answered these questions, see if you can define a poem.
Need to Know Vocabulary • Rhyme Scheme • Alliteration • Onomatopoeia • Sensory Imagery • Repetition • Refrain • Personification • Simile • Metaphor • Tone
Basic Types of Poetry • Haiku • Limerick • Narrative • Acrostic • Shape • Sonnet • Free Verse
Haiku … amajorformof Japanese verse, written in 17 syllables -divided into 3 lines of 5, 7, and 5 syllables, -employing highly evocative allusions and comparisons, often on the subject of nature or one of the seasons.
Basho Matsuo Here are three examples of the haiku of Basho Matsuo, the first great poet of haiku in the 1600s: An old silent pond... A frog jumps into the pond, splash! Silence again. Autumn moonlight— a worm digs silently into the chestnut. Lightning flash— what I thought were faces are plumes of pampas grass.
Limerick a five-line humorous poem with a characteristic rhythm, often dealing with a risqué subject and typically opening with a line such as "There was a young lady called Jenny." Lines one, two, and five rhyme with each other and have three metrical feet, and lines three and four rhyme with each other and have two metrical feet.
Examples of Limerick Poetry There was an Old Man of NantucketWho kept all his cash in a bucket.His daughter, called Nan,Ran away with a man,And as for the bucket, Nantucket.- Anonymous
Narrative Poetry • Poems that tell a story. • Ex: The Raven
Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening Whose woods these are I think I know.His house is in the village though;He will not see me stopping hereTo watch his woods fill up with snow.My little horse must think it queerTo stop without a farmhouse nearBetween the woods and frozen lakeThe darkest evening of the year.He gives his harness bells a shakeTo ask if there is some mistake.The only other sound's the sweepOf easy wind and downy flake.The woods are lovely, dark and deep.But I have promises to keep,And miles to go before I sleep,And miles to go before I sleep.
Acrostic • a poem or other form of writing in which the first letter, syllable or word of each line, paragraph or other recurring feature in the text spells out a word or a message
Elizabeth – Edgar Allan Poe Elizabeth it is in vain you say"Love not" — thou sayest it in so sweet a way:In vain those words from thee or L.E.L.Zantippe's talents had enforced so well:Ah! if that language from thy heart arise,Breath it less gently forth — and veil thine eyes.Endymion, recollect, when Luna triedTo cure his love — was cured of all beside —His follie — pride — and passion — for he died.
Sonnet apoem,properly expressive of a single, complete thought, idea, or sentiment, of 14 lines, usually in iambic pentameter, with rhymes arranged according to one of certain definite schemes, being in the strict or Italian form divided into a major group of 8lines (the octave) followed by a minor group of 6 lines (the sestet), and in a common English form into 3 quatrains followed by a couplet. http://www.sonnets.org/basicforms.htm
Free Verse nonmetrical verse: verse without a fixed metrical pattern, usually having unrhymed lines of varying length Fog by Carl Sandburg The fog comes on little cat feet. It sits looking over harbor and city on silent haunches and then moves on.
REVIEW (Make a T-Chart) • What are the key components of (how do you identify): • haiku poetry • limerick poetry • narrative poetry • acrostic poetry • shape/concrete poetry • sonnets (Italian, Spenserian, and Shakespearean) • free verse poetry? • Define: • Rhyme Scheme • Alliteration • Sensory Imagery • Repetition • Refrain • Personification • Simile • Metaphor • Tone
What kind of poem is this? How do you know? That time of year thou mayst in me behold, When yellow leaves, or none, or few do hang Upon those boughs which shake against the cold, Bare ruined choirs, where late the sweet birds sang. In me thou seest the twilight of such day, As after sunset fadeth in the west, Which by and by black night doth take away, Death's second self that seals up all in rest. In me thou seest the glowing of such fire, That on the ashes of his youth doth lie, As the deathbed, whereon it must expire, Consumed by that which it was nourished by. Thisthou perceivest, which makes thy love more strong, To love that well, which thou must leave ere long.