Journal During the Middle Ages, there was a code of conduct called Chivalry. What do you think of when you hear this word? What does it mean to you?
The Early Middle Ages:The Franks & Feudalism Or..were the Dark Ages really a dark as they seemed?
Who sacked the city of Rome? Germanic Tribes 0r...
The Franks • In the Roman province of Gaul (France) • No cities or written laws • 100s of tiny kingdoms • Farmers or herders • Swore loyalty to King • weapons & loot
Clovis • Converts to Christianity after a battle • Church supports Clovis’s conquests • by 511 AD—united all of the Franks into one kingdom • Two forces were now allied • Military (Franks) • Spiritual (Church)
Charles Martel • extended Frank’s reign to the north, south, and east • defeated Muslims at the Battle of Tours • Stopped the Muslim expansion into W. Europe • becomes a Christian hero
Pepin the Short • son of Charles Martel • Fights the Lombards for the Church • pope declares him “king by the Grace of God” • this begins the Carolingian Dynasty
Charlemagne • Greatest European empire since Rome • Summer military campaigns • Muslims in Spain and Germanic tribes • Spread Christianity by conquering the east and south • Holy Roman Emperor • joining of Germanic power, the Church, and the heritage of the Roman Empire
Charlemagne’s Empire Included 2/3 of Italy, all of France, a small part of Spain, and Germany
Charlemagne Cnt. • Limits rule of the nobles • Visits whole kingdom • Increases Education • Irish, English, German, Italian, and Spanish scholars • school for court children • Monasteries—trained monks • expanded libraries • handwritten copies of books
After Charlemagne • Grandsons split empire • Magyars—900 AD, cavalry from Hungary invade • Vikings—From Scandinavia, sailors • Raided and looted from Ireland to France
What is Feudalism? • Social Structure of the Middle Ages • Based on loyalty and importance of the Oath • Keep these words in mind while you are watching the film: • Manor • Lords • Vassals • Fief • Knights • Serf • Peasants • Self-Sufficiency
Social Pyramid Dependent on each other: Relationships King Lords Lesser Nobles, Knights Serfs Peasants
The Manor System • Self-Sufficient • All needs provided on estate • Controlled by Lord • (who was someone else’s Vassal) • Remember:
Chivalry • Complex rules governing society • Three Masters: • Feudal Lord • Heavenly Lord • Chosen Lady • Knights usually wealthy • Education starts at 7 till 21 • Tournaments, troubadours, poetry • Real warfare brutal • Few women had authority