The Americas: Pre-Columbian Empires to Colonies. Ch. 15 and 16. Identify major causes and describe the major effects of European exploration. Causes. Political – Nationalism leads to a desire for overseas colonies.
Ch. 15 and 16
Identify major causes and describe the major effects of European exploration
Why were the Europeans so easily able to conquer the natives in the New World?
Disease brought to the continent before the attempt at settlements decimated the people who had little immunity to the European microbes
There were many new animals and plants in the Americas that Europeans had never seen.
The people living in the Americas did not have resistance to many of the "germs" brought by the Europeans (measles, smallpox, whooping cough, chicken pox, and influenza)
Explain the impact of the Atlantic slave trade on West Africa and the Americas.
Those Africans who raided, took captives, and sold slaves to Europeans profited handsomely from the trade, as did the port cities and the states that coordinated trade with European merchants.
Ch. 14 Section 5, Ch. 17
The Scientific Revolution changed the way people thought about the physical world around them. Scientists began to question traditional beliefs about the workings of the universe.
Explain the Free Enterprise system and Adam Smith’s role in its development
Absolute monarchies are also known as undemocratic monarchies. Within an absolute monarchy, a king or queen wields total power and acts essentially as a dictator. This means that the monarch has the power to make important economic and state-level decisions.
Limited monarchies are also known as constitutional monarchies. In a limited monarchy, a monarch can reach power through heredity, but one can also be elected.
Explain the development of democratic-republican government through the English Civil War, Glorious Revolution , and the Enlightenment
Identify the impact of political and legal ideas contained in the Magna Carta, Declaration of Independence, and the English Bill of Rights
Describe the Enlightenments impact on political revolutions in America and France in the late 18th century
Enlightenment ideas contributed to the popular desire for more rights and liberties
Explain the impact of Napoleon Bonaparte and the Napoleonic Wars on Europe and Latin America
Napoleon created stability in France by establishing the Napoleonic Code, a law code that consolidated such achievements of the Revolution as social equality, religious toleration, and trial by jury
Identify political and legal ideas contained in the Declaration of Independence, U.S. Constitution, and the French Declaration of the Rights of Man
Identify the major causes and effects of the industrial revolution (Great Britain)
How did the Industrial Revolution lead to political, economic, and social changes in Europe?
How did Adam Smith’s economic contributions influence the Industrial Revolution?
Division of labor – specialization in a particular step of the production process, leads to efficiency
Identify the historical origins and characteristics of communism, including the influence of Karl Marx
Developed by Karl Marx as a more extreme form of socialism. He and Engels wrote Communist Manifesto in which they described a form of socialism in which there was no wage labor or private ownership of land or capital.
Marie Curie (1867-1934) – proved that radioactivity, when properly applied, was an effective treatment of some diseases.
Identify the major causes and describe the major effects of European Imperialism
The feeling that European culture was superior to the culture of dark skinned people and that they had the duty to spread their culture and religion to those areas.
Ch. 27, Ch. 28
Identify the impact of World War I on political, economic, and social systems.
How did the Russian Revolution impact Russia’s participation in World War I?
Ch. 30 and 31
Identify the major causes of World War II, including the weaknesses of the League of Nations.
German invasion of Poland on September 1, 1939, leads to Great Britain and France’s declarations of war on Germany
Describe the emergence and characteristics of totalitarianism and fascism
State control over all aspects of society including business, religion, family life, education, and the arts
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization established on 24 October 1945 to promote international co-operation.
New U.S. President Harry Truman adopts foreign policy of containment that blocks communism and prevents its spread
Ch. 31-5, 32, 33
What were the causes of the Cold War and how did the end of WWII contribute to it?
Yalta Conference (1945) Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin address dealing with interim governments at the end of the war in Europe
What factors contributed to Communism in China and how did it differ from Soviet Communism?
Extreme devastation of Chinese cities and economy by Japanese invasion during World War II
Why did command economies collapse in competition with free market economies at the end of the 20th century?
Inefficient central planning system where party officials told farm and factory managers how much to produce, what wages to pay, and what prices to charge that led to little motive for efficiency
How did Gorbachev’s glasnost and perestroika policies impact the fall of Soviet communism?
Glasnost – openness that led to greater discussion of issues by the Soviet public including new ideas for economic reform and economic problems like the long lines to buy limited supplies of food and other products
Describe the resistance movements led by Mohandas Gandhi, Desmond Tutu, and Nelson Mandela.
Nelson Mandela (1918- ) –anti-apartheid activist whose actions after his release from prison led to the establishment of a multi-ethnic South African government that he headed as president
Korean War (1950-53) that leaves a divided Korean peninsula – North Korea (Communist) and South Korea (democracy)