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  1. Splash Screen

  2. Chapter Introduction Section 1:Early English Settlements Section 2:New England Colonies Section 3:Middle Colonies Section 4:Southern Colonies Visual Summary Chapter Menu

  3. Early English Settlements Essential QuestionWhy did the English settle in North America? Chapter Intro

  4. New England Colonies Essential QuestionWhy did the Separatists and Puritans leave England and settle in North America? Chapter Intro

  5. Middle Colonies Essential QuestionHow did the Middle Colonies develop? Chapter Intro

  6. Southern Colonies Essential QuestionHow and why did the Southern Colonies grow? Chapter Intro

  7. Chapter Time Line

  8. Chapter Time Line

  9. Chapter Preview-End

  10. Why did the English settle in North America? Section 1-Essential Question

  11. Reading Guide Content Vocabulary • charter • joint-stock company • headright • burgesses Academic Vocabulary • expand Section 1-Key Terms

  12. Reading Guide (cont.) Key People and Events • Sir Francis Drake • Sir Walter Raleigh • Captain John Smith • Pocahontas • House of Burgesses Section 1-Key Terms

  13. A B Which would be more important to you—helping to settle a new colony or remaining in your home country? A.Settle a new colony B.Remaining home Section 1-Polling Question

  14. England in America After defeating the Spanish Armada, England became more interested in establishing colonies in North America. Section 1

  15. England in America (cont.) • Trading rivalries and religious differences pushed England and Spain toward war for years. • English adventurers, such as Sir Francis Drake, attacked Spanish ships and ports. • The defeat of the Spanish Armada marked the end of Spanish control of the seas and cleared the way for England to start colonies in North America. Early English Settlements Section 1

  16. England in America (cont.) • The first group of settlers sent by Sir Walter Raleigh returned to England after a hard winter on Roanoke Island. • The second group of settlers disappeared from Roanoke Island and was never found. Section 1

  17. A B C D Who was the ruler of England when the Spanish and English were at war in the 1500s? A.King James B.Queen Elizabeth C.Queen Mary D.King Philip II Section 1

  18. Jamestown Settlement The first permanent English settlement in North America was at Jamestown. Section 1

  19. Jamestown Settlement (cont.) • In 1606 several groups of merchants sought charters from King James I in order to establish colonies in North America. • The Virginia Company, a joint-stock company, established Jamestown. • Captain John Smith helped the company survive its first two years. Section 1

  20. Jamestown Settlement (cont.) • Relations with Native Americans improved after a colonist married Pocahontas, the daughter of Chief Powhatan. • Land ownership was expanded when the Virginia Company gave a headrightof 50 acres to settlers who paid their own way to the colony. Section 1

  21. Jamestown Settlement (cont.) • The House ofBurgesses first met in 1619. The burgesseswere representatives of the colony’s towns. • In 1624 King James canceled the charter and made Jamestown England’s first royal colony in America. Section 1

  22. A B C D The colony of Virginia began to prosper due to which crop? A.Tobacco B.Maize C.Wheat D.Squash Section 1

  23. Section 1-End

  24. Why did the Separatists and Puritans leave England and settle in North America? Section 2-Essential Question

  25. Reading Guide Content Vocabulary • dissent • Puritan • Separatist • Pilgrim • Mayflower Compact • Fundamental Orders of Connecticut Academic Vocabulary • policy Section 2-Key Terms

  26. Reading Guide (cont.) Key People and Events • William Bradford • Squanto • John Winthrop • Roger Williams Section 2-Key Terms

  27. A B Have you and a friend ever disagreed so much on an issue that you considered ending your friendship? A.Yes B.No Section 2-Polling Question

  28. Religious Freedom To practice their religion more freely, a group of Separatists established the Plymouth colony of North America. Section 2

  29. Religious Freedom (cont.) • Many people in England were unhappy with the Anglican Church, dissented, and then were persecuted for their beliefs. • The Protestants who wanted to reform the Anglican Church were called Puritans. • Those who wanted to leave and set up their own churches were called Separatists. Section 2

  30. Religious Freedom (cont.) • The Separatists who journeyed to North America were called Pilgrimsbecause their journey had a religious purpose. • The Pilgrims, led by William Bradford, drew up the Mayflower Compact—the first step in the development of representative government in the new American colonies. The Mayflower Section 2

  31. Religious Freedom (cont.) • The Pilgrims might not have survived without the help of two Native Americans—Squanto and Samoset. Section 2

  32. A B C D Squanto and Samoset did NOT help the Pilgrims do which of the following? A.Grow crops B.Build a town C.Find where to hunt and fish D.Make peace with the Wampanoag people Section 2

  33. New Settlements To escape religious persecution in England, thousands of Puritans migrated to North America and set up new colonies. Section 2

  34. New Settlements (cont.) • Tired of religious persecution, a group of Puritans formed the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1629 and traveled to Boston. • John Winthrop was the colony’s governor. Section 2

  35. New Settlements (cont.) • More than 15,000 Puritans journeyed to Massachusetts in the Great Migration to escape religious persecution and economic hard times in England. • In 1639 the towns of Hartford, Windsor, and Wethersfield formed a colony and adopted a plan of government called the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut. Section 2

  36. New Settlements (cont.) • Roger Williams and other colonists who were forced out of Massachusetts settled Rhode Island and established a policy of religious toleration. • Many conflicts, such as King Philip’s War, arose between the Native American people and the settlers. Section 2

  37. A B Puritans were very tolerant of different religious beliefs. A.True B.False Section 2

  38. Section 2-End

  39. How did the Middle Colonies develop? Section 3-Essential Question

  40. Reading Guide Content Vocabulary • patroon • proprietary colony • pacifist Academic Vocabulary • ethnic • function Section 3-Key Terms

  41. Reading Guide (cont.) Key People and Events • Duke of York • William Penn • Quakers Section 3-Key Terms

  42. A B C D If you were given the gift of a large sum of money, how likely would you be to share it with your friends and family? A.Very likely B.Somewhat likely C.Somewhat unlikely D.Very unlikely Section 3-Polling Question

  43. England and the Colonies After seizing the Dutch colony of New Netherland, the English renamed the colony New York and formed the New Jersey colony. Section 3

  44. England and the Colonies (cont.) • Between the two groups of English-run colonies in North America were lands that the Dutch controlled. • The Dutch West India Company offered large estates—run by patroons—to anyone who could bring at least 50 settlers to work the land. Section 3

  45. England and the Colonies (cont.) • After the English defeated the Dutch forces in New Amsterdam, King Charles II gave this proprietary colony to his brother, the Duke of York, who renamed it New York. Section 3

  46. England and the Colonies (cont.) • The Duke of York gave the southern part of his colony to Lord John Berkeley and Sir George Carteret, who named this area of land New Jersey. • Like New York, New Jersey was a place of ethnic and religious diversity. The Middle Colonies Section 3

  47. A B C D In which colony did the first Jews settle in America? A.New Jersey B.Virginia C.Maryland D.New York Section 3

  48. Pennsylvania William Penn founded the colony of Pennsylvania and designed the city of Philadelphia. Section 3

  49. Pennsylvania (cont.) • William Penn saw Pennsylvania as a “holy experiment,” a chance to put his Quaker ideals into practice. • Quakers were pacifists and believed that everyone was equal. The Middle Colonies Section 3

  50. Pennsylvania (cont.) • Penn designed Philadelphia himself and wrote Pennsylvania’s first constitution. • The Charter of Privileges allowed the lower counties of Pennsylvania, run by the Swedes, to function as a separate colony known as Delaware. The Middle Colonies Section 3