1914-1918: The World at War. By: Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley H. S. Ms. Snyder CCHS. Differing Viewpoints. “Family Feud” “Fall of the Eagles” “The War to End All Wars” “The War to ‘Make the World Safe for Democracy’”. Causes of the War. 1. The Alliance System.
By: Ms. Susan M. PojerHorace Greeley H. S.Ms. SnyderCCHS
Nicholas II [Rus]
Wilhelm II [Ger]
George V [Br]
Victor Emmanuel II [It]
Pres. Poincare [Fr]
Franz Josef [A-H]
Total Defense Expenditures for the Great Powers [Ger., A-H, It., Fr., Br., Rus.] in millions of £s.
The“Powder Keg”of Europe
Austria Declares War against Serbia – July 28, 1914
If you strike my friend, I’ll..
If you hit him, I’ll…
Hi there, if you don’t…
If you hit that little feller, I’ll…
If you make a move, I’ll
If you touch me, I’ll…
The sentence that caused a war
6. The [Serbian] Government considers it its duty as a matter of course to begin an investigation against all those persons who have participated in the outrage of June 28th and who are in its territory. As far as the cooperation in this investigation of specially delegated officials of the [Austro-Hungarian] Government is concerned, this cannot be accepted, as this is a violation of the constitution and of criminal procedure. --Serbian Response to the Ultimatum, 25 July, 1914
The Power Behind Austria (at the ultimatum steps). “I don’t quite like his attitude. Somebody Must be backing him.”
Austrians look unfair, unreasonable, and war-mad to rest of the world
A. Willy-Nicky Letters July 29, 1914 An unjust war has been declared on a weak country. The anger in Russia shared fully by me is enormous. I foresee that very soon I shall be overwhelmed by the pressure forced upon me and be forced to take extreme measures which will lead to war. To try and avoid such a calamity as a European war, I beg you in the name of our old friendship to do what you can to stop your allies from going too far.-Nicky (July 29, 1914, telegram)
Four Steps to War
Kaiser Wilhem II Tsar Nicholas II
Russia begins general mobilization –Generals can’t mobilize against A-H without mobilizing against Germany too! –July 30-31, 1914
Still Step #2
Wilhelm needed to know France’s Plan
July 31, 1914
A. Russian Ultimatum
Demobilize– get off the German border
Stay neutral – don’t get involved
C.The problem with the Schlieffen Plan
This is a huge risk
C.The problem with the Schlieffen Plan continued
“The greatest war of modern times, and perhaps in the whole history of the human race, was begun by Germany using the crime of a schoolboy as an excuse” The Great War -the Standard History (1914)[A British patriotic magazine published weekly]
It's a long way to Tipperary,
It's a long way to go;
It's a long way to Tipperary,
To the sweetest girl I know!
Farewell, Leicester Square,
It's a long, long way to Tipperary,
But my heart's right there!
A German Soldier Says Farewell to His Mother
Think of Your Children!
“No Man’s Land”
Black Soldiers in the German Schutztruppen[German E. Africa]
British Sikh Mountain Gunners
3rd British Battalion, Nigerian Brigade
French colonial marine infantry fromCochin, China - 1916
“Squadron Over the Brenta”Max Edler von Poosch, 1917
Eddie “Mick”Mannoch, Br.
Eddie Rickenbacher, US
Manfred vonRichtoffen, Ger.[The “RedBaron”]
Rene PaukFonck, Fr.
Willy Coppens deHolthust, Belg.
50,000,000 – 100,000,000 died
The Armistice is Signed!
116,516 Americans Died
A Portent of Future Horrors to Come!